"Then up and spake an old sailor, had sailed the Spanish Main, 'I pray thee, put into yonder port, for I fear a hurricane. Last night the moon had a golden ring, and tonight no moon we see!' The skipper, he blew a whiff from his pipe and a scornful laugh laughed he."
Longfellow, The Wreck of the Hesperus
Conceived over warm tropical oceans, born amid torrential thundershowers, and nurtured by water vapor drawn inward from far away, the mature tropical cyclone is an offspring of the atmosphere with both negative and positive consequences for life.
The result of the above research efforts should be improved understanding, more accurate forecasts with longer warning periods, improved storm surge estimates, and a consequent reduction in the deleterious impact of these complex, fascinating and dangerous tropical storms.