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Flight and rescue by United States Holocaust…
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This booklet tells the story of 2100 Polish Jews who fled to Japan through then neutral Lithuania in 1939 and shortly after. As the war progressed the refugees realized they had to move on when the Soviets occupied Lithuania in June 1940. The refuges obtained visas with the help of Chiune Sugihara, and Jan Zwartendijk, and were aided by the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee who provided food and shelter for them. Wen they finally arrived in Japan the local Jewish community (who had left Russia after the 1917 revolution) and the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee came to their aid again. By August 1941 Japan evacuated the Polish Jews who were unable to find another destination to Shanghai. Most of these refugees became DP's after the war and could not leave Shanghai before 1947, but eventually most settled in Canada, Israel, Australia, New Zealand and the United States..
This little known chapter of WW II makes fascinating reading.
  HolocaustMuseum | Jul 17, 2013 |
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Amazon.com Product Description (ISBN 0896047040, Hardcover)

In an extraordinary new volume, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum reveals details of the famous 'Sugihara rescue' during the summer of 1940, when foreign policy and human compassion converged for a fleeting moment. While the world's political landscape was in turmoil, foreign envoys of Japan and the Netherlands forged an unlikely alliance in Kaunas, Lithuania, that saved the lives of 2,100 Polish Jews. Survival depended on the actions of two diplomats who never met. Dutch consul Jan Zwartendijk and Chiune Sugihara, Japan's acting consul to Lithuania, worked in concert to provide Jews with the travel papers needed to escape. Men, women, and children crossed Soviet Russia aboard the Trans-Siberian Railroad and then sailed in cargo boats to Kobe, Japan, and finally to China. Many of them survived the war years in Japanese-occupied Shanghai. Among the refugees were Menachem Begin, future prime minister of Israel, and Rabbi Eliezar Finkel and his students from Mir, Poland, the only Eastern European yeshiva to survive the Holocaust intact. Suddenly thrust into Asian society, treated alternately as tourists and displaced persons, the refugees adapted to Japanese and Chinese cultures while retaining a vibrant Jewish spiritual life. Through historic photographs, artifacts, documents, diaries, letters, and testimonies, this riveting volume unveils little-known facets of a remarkable humanitarian effort.

(retrieved from Amazon Thu, 12 Mar 2015 18:02:38 -0400)

The story of more than 2,000 Polish Jewish refugees who fled across the Soviet Union to Japan, where they awaited entrance visas to the United States and elsewhere.

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