A Fair Country is John Ralston Saul's attempt to reconcile the "two solitudes" of French and English Canada with the Aboriginal society that has existed in Canada for countless generations.
It is based on three insightful assertions that are quite contrary to most of the popular thought on the subject:
1. Canada is at it's heart a Metis Civilization
2. Canada is not a nation of "peace order and good government" but of "peace welfare and good government
3. Canada's elites are increasingly inneffectual and colonial in mindset
With expert insight and evidence, he weaves Native history into the standard Euro-Canadian history. It quickly becomes clear that Canada's Native peoples have not been silent victims of history, but articulate and thoughtful leaders who have had sweeping effects on modern Canada. He demonstrates that they are the senior founding people who continue to have significant and lasting influence over Canada. He goes on to speak of how Canada's "elites" have rejected a truly Canadian identity in favour of a more colonial and idealogical identity, and how this rejection is at the root of many of Canada's current problems.