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Jean Anouilh (1910–1987)

Author of Antigone

Includes the names: Anouilh J., J. ANOUILH, Anouilh Jean, Жан Ануй, Жан Ануй

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Jean Anouilh was born on June 23, 1910, in France. Anouilh studied law as a teenager and worked briefly in advertising. He soon became aware of his strong attraction to the theatre and became one of France's foremost playwrights and screenwriters. Anouilh's works are noted for their theatrical conventions. His plays, many of which are bleak dramas, feature characters facing highly moral dilemmas. He uses such conventions as flashbacks, role reversals, and play-within-a-play to achieve dramatic effects. Anouilh received a New York Drama Critics Circle Award for his play Waltz of the Toreadors and a Tony award for Thieves Carnival. Other well-known works include Antigone, Eurydice and the film Pattes Blanches. Anouilh suffered a heart attack and died in 1987. (Bowker Author Biography) — biography from Antigone… (more)
Antigone (Author) 1,496 copies, 17 reviews
Becket (Author) 913 copies, 16 reviews
The Lark (Author) 350 copies, 4 reviews
Traveller Without Luggage / Thieves' Carnival (Author) 194 copies, 2 reviews
Ring Round the Moon (Author) 113 copies, 1 review
The Rehearsal 79 copies
The Waltz of the Toreadors (Author) 66 copies, 1 review
Three European Plays (Contributor) 58 copies
Mademoiselle Colombe 55 copies, 1 review
Time Remembered 42 copies
Les Poissons rouges 39 copies, 2 reviews
Medea (Author) 34 copies
It's Later Than You Think 33 copies, 1 review
Anna Karenina [1948 film] (Writer) 31 copies
Plays (Author) 31 copies
The Cavern (Author) 29 copies, 2 reviews
Poor Bitos; or, The Masked Dinner (Author) 27 copies, 1 review
Fables 27 copies
Monsieur Vincent [1947 film] (Screenwriter) 25 copies, 1 review
Eurydice 22 copies
The Fighting Cock (Author) 18 copies, 1 review
Antigone. Variazioni sul mito (Contributor) 16 copies
Restless Heart (Author) 10 copies, 1 review
Le scénario 9 copies
The Arrest 8 copies
La Culotte 7 copies
La belle vie 5 copies
Ardele / The Waltz of the Toreadors (Author) 5 copies, 1 review
Catch as Catch Can (Author) 4 copies
Teatro 3 copies, 2 reviews
Пьесы 2 copies
The Orchestra 2 copies
Théâtre 2 copies
The Ermine 2 copies
La ronde [1964 film] (Screenwriter) 1 copy
Les Otages [1939 film] (Writer) 1 copy
Ardle 1 copy
Becket l'alouette (Author) 1 copy
Becket [1964 film] (Play) 110 copies, 3 reviews
One Act: Eleven Short Plays of the Modern Theater (Contributor) 98 copies, 1 review
Modern French Theatre (Contributor) 66 copies
The Modern Theatre, Volume 3 (Contributor) 64 copies
The Modern Theatre, Volume 5 (Contributor) 42 copies
Contemporary Drama - 11 Plays (Contributor) 41 copies
Best Plays of the Sixties (Contributor) 23 copies
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Jean Anouilh est un écrivain et dramaturge français né le 13 juin 1910 à Bordeaux et mort le 3 octobre 1987 à Lausanne, en Suisse. Dès le lycée, Jean Anouilh se découvre une passion pour le théâtre mais c'est une représentation de Siegried de Jean Giraudoux, en 1928, qui le décide à écrire pour le théâtre, une activité qu’il poursuivra durant la guerre et l’occupation allemande (Antigone, en 1942, souleva d’ailleurs une violente polémique quant à la supposée dimension politique de l'oeuvre). À partir de 1961, il s’est davantage tourné vers la mise en scène et a contribué à faire connaitre Samuel Beckett et Eugène Ionesco. Il s'est également occupé de l'adaptation de pièces de théâtre étrangères, notamment plusieurs de Shakespeare.

Les pièces d’Anouilh oscillent entre comédie et drame, qu'il a lui-même classées en différentes catégories selon leurs thèmes et leur esprit : Pièces roses, Pièces noires, Pièces brillantes, Pièces grinçantes, Pièces costumées, Pièces baroques, Pièces secrètes et Pièces farceuses. Dans son oeuvre théâtrale et dans ses comédies, l’humour y est féroce et le cynisme omniprésent. L’œuvre d’Anouilh est avant tout empreinte d’un pessimisme profond.
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