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Author photo. Helmolt, H.F., ed. History of the World. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1902.

Helmolt, H.F., ed. History of the World. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1902.

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Thomas Carlyle was a social critic and historian born in Ecclefechan, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, December 4, 1795, the same year as John Keats, but Carlyle is considered an early Victorian rather than a Romantic. After completing his elementary studies, he went to the University of Edinburgh but left in 1814 without a degree. His parents wanted him to become a minister in the Scottish church, but his independence of spirit made such a life program impossible. In 1816 he fell in love with, and was rejected by, a young woman. His love affair was followed by a period of doubt and uncertainty described vividly in Sartor Resartus, a work published in 1833 that attracted much attention. Carlyle's first literary work reveals his admiration for German thought and philosophy, and especially for the two great German poets Schiller and Goethe. The fictional autobiography of a philosopher deeply impressed Ralph Waldo Emerson who brought it back to the United States to be published there. History of the French Revolution (1837), rewritten after parts of it were mistakenly burned as kindling by John Stuart Mill, cemented Carlyle's reputation. The work brought him fame but no great wealth. As a result of his comparative poverty he was induced to give four series of public lectures. Of these the most famous were those On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and the Heroic of History delivered in 1840 and published in 1841. Past and Present (1843), and Latter Day Pamphlets (1850) present his economic and industrial theories. With The Letters and Speeches of Oliver Cromwell (1845), The Life of John Sterling (1851), and History of Frederick II of Prussia, Called Frederick the Great (1858-1865) he returned to biography. In 1865, Carlyle was made Lord Rector of Edinburgh. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from The French Revolution; a History [2-volume set]
… (more)
Disambiguation Notice

1) CK Above
2) Erik Bruun actually wrote Test Your History IQ

Smelfungus is a name given by Laurence Sterne to Tobias Smollett as author of a volume of Travels through France and Italy, for the snarling abuse he heaps on the institutions and customs of the countries he visited.

In the 19th century it was adopted by Thomas Carlyle as a pen-name when he had any seriously severe criticisms to offer on things, particularly those that have gone or are going to the bad. Patrick Proctor Alexander also used the name in his book Mill and Carlyle, which contrasted Carlyle's views with those of John Stuart Mill. Proctor's Occasional Discourse on Sauertieg by Smelfungus attacks Carlyle's more brutal ideas.

Sartor Resartus 793 copies, 7 reviews
Past and Present 312 copies, 3 reviews
The French Revolution I 110 copies, 1 review
On Great Men 99 copies
Essay on Burns 82 copies
Reminiscences 60 copies
A Carlyle Reader 51 copies, 1 review
Latter-Day Pamphlets 39 copies, 1 review
On the Choice of Books 20 copies, 1 review
Chartism 11 copies
Shooting Niagara: And After? 8 copies, 1 review
Essays 7 copies
Lecture on Martin Luther 6 copies, 1 review
Burns and Favorite Poems (Contributor) 2 copies
Selections from Carlyle 2 copies, 1 review
[Works.] 2 copies
Novalis 1 copy
John Knox 1 copy
Jesuitism 1 copy
Selections 1 copy
Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship (Translator, some editions) 850 copies, 12 reviews
The Book of Fantasy (Contributor) 525 copies, 11 reviews
Critical Theory Since Plato (Contributor, some editions) 372 copies, 1 review
Bleak House [Norton Critical Edition] (Contributor) 301 copies, 7 reviews
Prose of the Victorian Period (Contributor) 207 copies
The Portable Victorian Reader (Contributor) 170 copies
Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship and Travels (Translator, some editions) 109 copies
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (Contributor) 100 copies, 1 review
Mary Barton [Norton Critical Edition] (Contributor) 63 copies, 1 review

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Disambiguation notice
1) CK Above
2) Erik Bruun actually wrote Test Your History IQ

Smelfungus is a name given by Laurence Sterne to Tobias Smollett as author of a volume of Travels through France and Italy, for the snarling abuse he heaps on the institutions and customs of the countries he visited.

In the 19th century it was adopted by Thomas Carlyle as a pen-name when he had any seriously severe criticisms to offer on things, particularly those that have gone or are going to the bad. Patrick Proctor Alexander also used the name in his book Mill and Carlyle, which contrasted Carlyle's views with those of John Stuart Mill. Proctor's Occasional Discourse on Sauertieg by Smelfungus attacks Carlyle's more brutal ideas.

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