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Charles Darwin (1809–1882)

Author of On the Origin of Species

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About the Author

Charles Robert Darwin, born in 1809, was an English naturalist who founded the theory of Darwinism, the belief in evolution as determined by natural selection. Although Darwin studied medicine at Edinburgh University, and then studied at Cambridge University to become a minister, he had been show more interested in natural history all his life. His grandfather, Erasmus Darwin, was a noted English poet, physician, and botanist who was interested in evolutionary development. Darwin's works have had an incalculable effect on all aspects of the modern thought. Darwin's most famous and influential work, On the Origin of Species, provoked immediate controversy. Darwin's other books include Zoology of the Voyage of the Beagle, The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex. Charles Darwin died in 1882. (Bowker Author Biography) show less
Disambiguation Notice:

Note that the Norton Critical Edition entitled "Darwin" is not written by Charles Darwin. It is a modern volume with numerous contributors, and edited by Philip Appleman. In addition, the rare work "Charles Darwin and the Voyage of the Beagle" was written by Nora Barlow, and is not the same work as Darwin's own "Voyage of the Beagle".

Image credit: Lithograph - Karl Klietsch / Photo © ÖNB/Wien


Works by Charles Darwin

On the Origin of Species (1859) — Author — 14,344 copies
The Voyage of the Beagle (1839) 3,063 copies
The Descent of Man (1871) 1,588 copies
On Natural Selection (1996) 585 copies
It Was Snowing Butterflies (2015) 180 copies
The Galapagos Islands (1996) 102 copies
The Darwin Reader (1956) 89 copies
The Essential Darwin (1875) 86 copies
Insectivorous Plants (1876) 62 copies
Darwin's Forgotten World (1978) — Contributor — 44 copies
The Life of Erasmus Darwin (1879) 32 copies
The Book of Darwin (1983) 28 copies
Volcanic Islands (1987) 23 copies
Teoría de la evolución (1981) 20 copies
The Riverbank (2010) 13 copies
Works of Charles Darwin (2010) 11 copies
Reise um die Welt 1831 - 36 (1981) — Author — 10 copies
The Voyage of the Beagle (Abridged and Edited) (1959) — Author — 10 copies
A Darwin Selection (1994) 9 copies
Lettere sulla religione (2013) 6 copies
Ecrits intimes (2009) 6 copies
Voyages and Travels (1954) 4 copies
Darwin 3 copies
Opere geologiche (2004) 3 copies
Charles Darwin: An Anthology (2009) — Author — 3 copies
Insanin Türeyisi (2019) 2 copies
Insanin Tureyisi (2015) 2 copies
The Darwin Selection (2010) 2 copies
Biologie in neuem Licht. (1980) 2 copies
Istinti e ragione (2009) 2 copies
La Lluita per la vida (2008) 2 copies
Cinsel Seçilim (2020) 1 copy
Otobiyografi (2017) 1 copy
Fenômenos vulcânicos (2016) 1 copy
小獵犬號航海記 (2015) 1 copy
Tazi Yolculugu (2017) 1 copy
Solucanlar 1 copy
Mi abuelo Erasmus (2012) 1 copy
Geology 1 copy
Inheritance 1 copy
Terre de feu (2012) 1 copy
Chiloé (2022) 1 copy
Listy wybrane (1999) 1 copy
Resan med Beagle (2022) 1 copy
L'Instinct (2009) 1 copy
Darwin Now 1 copy
L'azione dei vermi (2012) 1 copy

Associated Works

Darwin's Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meanings of Life (1995) — some editions — 3,171 copies
The Assassin's Cloak: An Anthology of the World's Greatest Diarists (2000) — Contributor, some editions — 552 copies
The Rag and Bone Shop of the Heart: A Poetry Anthology (1992) — Contributor — 391 copies
Anthropological Theory: An Introductory History (1996) — Contributor — 206 copies
Atheism: A Reader (2000) — Contributor — 182 copies
The Portable Victorian Reader (1972) — Contributor — 177 copies
The Norton Book of Travel (1987) — Contributor — 110 copies
The Darwin Wars: The Scientific Battle for the Soul of Man (1999) — Associated Name — 97 copies
Meeting of Minds: First Series (1978) — Subject — 57 copies
The Picador Book of Journeys (2001) — Contributor — 53 copies
The Book of the Sea (1954) — Contributor — 36 copies
Animal Stories: Tame and Wild (1979) — Contributor — 23 copies
Classic Essays in English (1961) — Contributor — 22 copies
The Penguin Book of the Ocean (2010) — Contributor — 20 copies
Masters of British Literature, Volume B (2007) — Contributor — 16 copies
Naar huis (1994) — Contributor — 16 copies
Englische Essays aus drei Jahrhunderten (1980) — Contributor — 10 copies
Terra Brasilis: die Entdeckung einer neuen Welt (2013) — Contributor — 6 copies
Darwin (Great Names) (2002) — Associated Name — 6 copies
Charles Darwin : Leben, Werk, Wirkung (1983) — Associaqted Name — 4 copies


19th century (321) animals (96) anthology (217) anthropology (207) autobiography (189) biography (303) biology (2,077) botany (85) Charles Darwin (313) classic (235) classics (310) Darwin (891) Darwinism (190) diary (159) Easton Press (87) ebook (172) evolution (3,302) evolutionary theory (83) exploration (113) Folio Society (195) geology (126) Harvard Classics (126) history (542) history of science (320) Kindle (172) literature (159) memoir (95) natural history (706) natural science (151) natural selection (327) nature (300) non-fiction (1,897) own (90) philosophy (632) poetry (133) read (133) science (3,812) to-read (1,250) travel (295) unread (186)

Common Knowledge

Canonical name
Darwin, Charles
Legal name
Darwin, Charles Robert
Date of death
Burial location
Westminster Abbey, London, England, UK
Country (for map)
England, UK
Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England, UK
Place of death
Downe, Kent, England, UK
Cause of death
angina pectoris which ment coronary thrombosis
Places of residence
Shrewsbury, England
Edinburgh, Scotland (1825-1828)
Cambridge, England (1828-1839)
HMS Beagle (1831-1836)
London, England (1839-1842)
Down, Kent, England (1842-1882)
University of Edinburgh
University of Cambridge (Christ's College, 1831)
Darwin, Erasmus (paternal grandfather)
Wedgwood, Josiah (maternal grandfather)
Darwin, Francis (son)
Darwin, George Howard (son)
Darwin, Leonard (son)
Darwin, Bernard (grandson) (show all 27)
Darwin, Charles Galton (grandson)
Darwin, Chris (great-great-grandson)
Darwin, Emma (great-great-granddaughter)
Barlow, Horace (great-grandson)
Barlow, Nora (granddaughter)
Barlow, Phyllida (great-great-granddaughter)
Chapman, Matthew (great-great-grandson)
Cornford, Christopher (great-grandson)
Cornford, Frances (granddaughter)
Cornford, John (great-grandson)
Galton, Sir Francis (cousin)
Keynes, Milo (great-grandson)
Keynes, Quentin (great-grandson)
Keynes, Randal (great-great-grandson)
Keynes, Richard (great-grandson)
Keynes, Simon (great-great-grandson)
Padel, Oliver J. (great-great-grandson)
Padel, Ruth (great-great-granddaughter)
Pryor, Sophie (great-granddaughter)
Raverat, Gwen (granddaughter)
Vaughan Williams, Ralph (grandnephew)
Royal Society (Fellow)
Awards and honors
Fellow of the Royal Society
Wollaston Medal (1859)
Disambiguation notice
Note that the Norton Critical Edition entitled "Darwin" is not written by Charles Darwin. It is a modern volume with numerous contributors, and edited by Philip Appleman. In addition, the rare work "Charles Darwin and the Voyage of the Beagle" was written by Nora Barlow, and is not the same work as Darwin's own "Voyage of the Beagle".



New Charles Darwin's Origin of the Species LE in Folio Society Devotees (February 14)
Anyone up for Charles Darwin? in Legacy Libraries (February 12)
On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin in 75 Books Challenge for 2012 (December 2013)
Best editions of the Voyage? in Evolve! (October 2012)


Meticulously evidenced, carefully argued, and both cautious and revelatory, but consequently a little bit boring as a read.
sfj2 | 120 other reviews | Mar 7, 2024 |
This book is a published version of Ben Fry's website, On the Origin of Species: The Preservation of Favoured Traces (https://benfry.com/traces/), a creative take on Morse Peckham's Variorum of Darwin's Origin of Species, published in 1959 (online version here: http://darwin-online.org.uk/Variorum/index.html).

From Ben Fry's website: "We often think of scientific ideas, such as Darwin's theory of evolution, as fixed notions that are accepted as finished. In fact, Darwin's On the Origin of Species evolved over the course of several editions he wrote, edited, and updated during his lifetime. The first English edition was approximately 150,000 words and the sixth is a much larger 190,000 words. In the changes are refinements and shifts in ideas — whether increasing the weight of a statement, adding details, or even a change in the idea itself. The second edition, for instance, adds a notable “by the Creator” to the closing paragraph, giving greater attribution to a higher power. In another example, the phrase “survival of the fittest” — usually considered central to the theory and often attributed to Darwin — instead came from British philosopher Herbert Spencer, and didn't appear until the fifth edition of the text. Using the six editions as a guide, we can see the unfolding and clarification of Darwin's ideas as he sought to further develop his theory during his lifetime. This project is made possible by the hard work of Dr. John van Wyhe, et al. who run The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online. The text for each edition was sourced from their careful transcription of Darwin's books. This piece is one of multiple sketches that look at the changes between editions. For instance, the earliest version here simply depicts all six books in parallel."… (more)
darwinsbulldog | 120 other reviews | Jan 18, 2024 |
I like to read books that laid the foundation for certain lines of study. I am a chemist by education but found it difficult to penetrate his long sentences and long paragraphs of what seemed to me to be rambling narratives. I’m glad biologists got what they needed from this work to develop the evolutionary sciences. Maybe I’ll try to finish this book someday.
mtreader | 120 other reviews | Dec 23, 2023 |



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Associated Authors

Ernst Mayr Introduction, Contributor
Philip Appleman Introduction, Editor
Stephen Jay Gould Introduction, Foreword, Contributor
Steve Jones Contributor
Robert McCredie May Introduction, Contributor
Richard Dawkins Introduction, Contributor
Steven Pinker Introduction, Contributor
Edward O. Wilson Introduction, Contributor
Luis M. Chiappe Contributor
Martin A. Nowak Contributor
Janet McIntosh Contributor
Lewis Thomas Contributor
John A. Endler Contributor
John Dewey Contributor
Carol Grant Gould Contributor
Peter R. Grant Contributor
William Whewell Contributor
Evelleen Richards Contributor
Lionel Stevenson Contributor
Barbara Ehrenreich Contributor
Sir Julian Huxley Contributor
Herbert J. Muller Contributor
James Eli Adams Contributor
Fleeming Jenkin Contributor
Niles Eldredge Contributor
William Paley Contributor
Joseph Wood Krutch Contributor
Ian Tattersall Contributor
Randolph H. Nesse Contributor
Peter J. Bowler Contributor
James L. Gould Contributor
Kevin Padia Contributor
Noretta Koetge Contributor
George C. Williams Contributor
David L. Hull Contributor
Adam Kuper Contributor
William T. Keeton Contributor
Karl Sigmund Contributor
Ray Comfort Introduction
Frans de Waal Contributor, Foreword
Roger Lewin Foreword
Hans Traxler Illustrator
Ludo Hellemans Translator, Preface
George Gaylord Simpson Foreword, Introduction
Gillian Beer Editor, Contributor
Michael T. Ghiselin Introduction
Francois Levaillant Cover artist
Jeff Wallace Introduction
Julian Huxley Introduction
Paul Landacre Illustrator
Dora Batista Translator
Pierre Paul Grassé Introduction
Ruud Rook Translator
Richard Keynes Introduction
Brian Regal Introduction
Anto Leikola Translator
David Case Narrator
Eike Schönfeld Translator
Bernard Roberts Typography
Walter Sullivan Introduction
Tinke Davids Translator
David Amigoni Introduction
Joan Rovira Foreword
Josep Egozcue Translator
Serge Nicolas Introduction
Christian Vogel Introduction
Fritz Kredel Illustrator
H. James Birx Introduction
Hamilton Cravens Introduction
John Tyler Bonner Introduction
Gerhard Heberer Introduction
Heinrich Schmidt Translator
Luciana Fratini Translator
Jean-Michel Goux Traduction
Christa Krüger Übersetzer
Fieke Lakmaker Translator
Margareta Marin Translator
Aaron Cohen Translator
Isabel Murillo Translator
Gösta Åberg Translator
Rolf Feurich Translator
Jaume Terrades Translator
Konrad Lorenz Introduction
Phillip Prodger Afterword
Paul Ekman Editor
Fieke Lakmaker Translator
J Victor Carus Translator
Joe Cain Editor
Sir Richard Owen Contributor
George Levine Contributor
Daniel C. Dennett Contributor
Andrew Carnegie Contributor
Thomas McIver Contributor
Thomas J. Wheeler Contributor
Molleen Matsumara Contributor
Robert Doir Contributor
John Herschell Contributor
Michael Ruse Contributor
Richard D. Sjolund Contributor
Eugene C. Scott Contributor
Harun Yahya Contributor
Henry M. Morris Contributor
Betty McCollister Contributor
Adam Sedgwick Contributor
Peter Kropotkin Contributor
Matt Ridley Contributor
Michael Shermer Contributor
L. Robert Stevens Contributor
Sir Gavin De Beer Contributor
Sir Charles Lyell Contributor
Richard Hofstadter Contributor
Phillip E. Johnson Contributor
Michael Behe Contributor
Giuseppe Montalenti Introduction


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