Christiane Desroches-Noblecourt was born in Paris. She attended the Lycée Molière and Collège de France, and enrolled at the École pratique des hautes études and the École du Louvre to take degrees in Egyptian studies. In 1936, she joined the Department of Egyptian Antiquities at the Louvre as a project manager. In 1942, she married André Noblecourt, an engineer. She was a professor of Egyptian archeology at the École du Louvre from 1937 to 1982 and chief curator of the Louvre's Egyptian department from 1974 to 1981. She wrote 15 books on ancient Egyptian art and history. She received the Legion of Honor in 2005.