Courtesy of the NYPL Digital Gallery (image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)
Born Sarah Emma Evelyn Edmonds in Nova Scotia, she moved to the U.S. and in 1861 enlisted in the Union army disguised as a man. She served as an army nurse for several years and participated in the first Battle of Manassas, among others. In her memoirs, written after the Civil War, she described carrying out 11 successful spy missions against the Confederacy. She received a veteran's pension and bonus from Congress for her services.