Emilia Fogelklou was born in Simrishhamn, near Österlen, Sweden. She attended Uppsala University and became the first woman in Sweden to earn a degree in theology in 1909. She held various teaching positions, including at a teachers' college in Kalmar, until 1923, when she left teaching to devote herself to writing and lecturing. She joined the growing peace movement, traveling in 1915 to The Hague for the First Congress of the International League of Women for Peace and Freedom. In 1922, she married Arnold Norlind, a geographer, and later wrote a book about him, Arnold (1944), considered one of her best works. In 1932, she become one of the first Swedish members of the Society of Friends (Quakers). With her friends and women's rights colleagues, including Elisabeth Tamm, Honorine Hermelin, Kerstin Hesselgren and Elin Wägner, she helped start up the women's magazine Tidevarvet (Era). She wrote many important religious works and biographies of prominent early Quakers. Later in life, she published an autobiography, and her extensive correspondence with Elin Wagner, entitled Dear Ili, Dearest Elin, was published in 1989.