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José Ortega y Gasset (1883–1955)

Author of The Revolt of the Masses

388+ Works 5,806 Members 74 Reviews 18 Favorited

About the Author

Essayist and philosopher, a thinker influential in and out of the Spanish world, Jose Ortega y Gasset was professor of metaphysics at the University of Madrid from 1910 until the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936. The Revolt of the Masses, his most famous work, owes much to post-Kantian show more schools of thought. Ortega's predominant thesis is the need of an intellectual aristocracy governing in a spirit of enlightened liberalism. Although Franco, after his victory in the civil war, offered to make Ortega Spain's "official philosopher" and to publish a deluxe edition of his works, with certain parts deleted, the philosopher refused. Instead, he chose the life of a voluntary exile in Argentina, and in 1941 he was appointed professor of philosophy at the University of San Marcos in Lima, Peru. He returned to Spain in 1945 and died in Madrid. Ortega's reformulation of the Cartesian cogito displays the fulcrum of his thought. While Rene Descartes declared "Cogito ergo sum" (I think, therefore I am), Ortega maintained "Cogito quia vivo" (I think because I live). He subordinated reason to life, to vitality. Reason becomes the tool of people existing biologically in a given time and place, rather than an overarching sovereign. Ortega's philosophy consequently discloses affinities in its metaphysics to both American pragmatism and European existentialism in spite of its elitism in social philosophy. (Bowker Author Biography) show less

Works by José Ortega y Gasset

The Revolt of the Masses (1930) — Author — 1,830 copies
What Is Philosophy? (1957) — Author — 327 copies
Estudios sobre el amor (1957) — Author — 251 copies
Meditations on Quixote (1914) 247 copies
El espectador (1950) — Author — 180 copies
Man and Crisis (1933) 170 copies
Man and People (1963) — Author — 158 copies
Invertebrate Spain (1921) — Author — 146 copies
El tema de nuestro tiempo (1931) — Author — 115 copies
The Origin of Philosophy (1967) 94 copies
Meditations on Hunting (1957) 73 copies
Mission of the university (1930) 72 copies
Ideas y creencias (1952) 70 copies
Some Lessons in Metaphysics (1966) 66 copies
Velázquez (1953) — Author — 32 copies
Concord and Liberty (1946) 27 copies
Missão do bibliotecário (2006) 27 copies
Historical Reason (1984) 24 copies
Ajatuksia tekniikasta (1949) 23 copies
Phenomenology and Art (1975) 21 copies
Notas (1918) 19 copies
Tríptico (1947) — Author — 16 copies
Espíritu de la letra (1958) 16 copies
El libro de las misiones (1945) 15 copies
Ortega Gassett - Tomo 1 (Spanish Edition) (2004) — Author — 14 copies
What Is Knowledge? (1984) 14 copies
Signale unserer Zeit : Essays (1952) — Author — 12 copies
ESPECTADOR 1, EL (AUSTRA1381) (1928) — Author — 10 copies
Obras Completas 5 (2004) 9 copies
Discursos políticos (1990) 9 copies
Obras completas (1978) 9 copies
Obras Completas 6 - Ortega y Gassett (2006) — Author — 9 copies
Kant, Hegel, Dilthey (1961) 9 copies
En tiempos de la sociedad de masas (2013) — Author — 8 copies
Goya (1958) 8 copies
Ortega y Gasset III Obras Completas (2004) — Author — 7 copies
Idea del teatro (1977) 7 copies
Studii despre iubire (1995) 7 copies
Mocedades (1901) 7 copies
Scritti politici (1979) 6 copies
Über das römische Imperium (1964) — Author — 6 copies
Bunt mas (2016) 6 copies
La caza y los toros (1962) 6 copies
Obras Sel (2000) 6 copies
Meditación de Europa (1966) 6 copies
El espectador, VII-VIII (1972) 6 copies
Ensayos escogidos (1967) 6 copies
El espectador III y IV (1972) 5 copies
Vives-Goethe (1973) 5 copies
Prólogo para alemanes (1974) 5 copies
Obras completas. T. 8 (1994) 4 copies
Obras Completas 12 (1997) 4 copies
Paisajes (1985) — Author — 4 copies
Cuerpo vivido (2010) 4 copies
Sevgi Ustune (1995) 4 copies
Sobre a Caça e os Touros (2009) 4 copies
Triumph des Augenblicks Glanz der Dauer (1960) — Author — 4 copies
Personas, obras, cosas... (1922) 4 copies
Viajes y países (1957) 4 copies
l Espectador.Volumen II (1980) 4 copies
Una interpretazione della storia universale (1994) — Author — 4 copies
Obras Completas 7 - Ortega Y Gasset (2007) — Author — 4 copies
Ideas y creencias y otros ensayos (2019) — Author — 3 copies
Két történelmi esszé (1983) 3 copies
Velázquez: Goya (1993) 3 copies
Tema del nostro tempo (1994) 3 copies
Obras completas. T. 9 (1997) 3 copies
Obras completas. T. 7 (1997) 3 copies
Obras completas. T. 4 (1994) 3 copies
Dan Auta: An African Tale (2022) 3 copies
Das Wesen geschichtlicher Krisen (1951) — Author — 3 copies
Goethe, Dilthey (1983) 3 copies
Eseje o umení (1994) 2 copies
Obras completa. Tomo III (1917-1928) (1947) — Author — 2 copies
Mīlestība un gudrība (1995) 2 copies
Obras completas. T. 5 (1994) 2 copies
Epistolario (1974) 2 copies
Buch des Betrachters (1959) 2 copies
Revista de occidente. 152 — Editor — 2 copies
Szkice o miłości (1989) 2 copies
Sul romanzo 2 copies
Notas 1 copy
Tema vremii noastre (1997) 1 copy
Wokół Galileusza (1993) 1 copy
Essays 1 copy
Azorin 1 copy
Sistem Olarak Tarih (2010) 1 copy
Obras 1 copy
Gott in Sicht (1964) 1 copy
Revista de occidente. 148 — Author — 1 copy
Gespräch beim Golf — Author — 1 copy
Opazovalec 1 copy
En torno a Galileo y otros (1956) — Author — 1 copy
Kant, Hegel, Scheler (1983) 1 copy
Storia e sociologia (1983) 1 copy
Filosofia della caccia (2021) 1 copy
Velasquez 1 copy

Associated Works

Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre (1956) — Contributor — 2,094 copies
Crime and Punishment [Norton Critical Edition, 3rd ed.] (1989) — Contributor — 1,166 copies
Love (1822) — some editions — 898 copies
The Philosophy of History in Our Time (1959) — Contributor — 217 copies
Vida de este capitán (1630) — Afterword, some editions — 86 copies
Agua Agua Agua: An Aesop's Fable (Little Celebrations) (1735) — Illustrator — 86 copies
Fiesta! (1992) — Illustrator — 54 copies
The Penguin Book of Twentieth-Century Protest (1998) — Contributor — 31 copies


Common Knowledge



It really speaks to the power of Ortega y Gasset's prose that one of the most deplorable acts to watch, at least in my experience, is rendered by him as one of the most sublime and invigorating. He describes dog hunting as adding a 'symphonic majesty' to the hunt, with the bright idea of bringing greyhounds, mastiffs, bassets etc. into the fray as being an achievement comparable to the 'discovery of polyphony' in music.

His view communicates the idea that Paleolithic man, who conducted himself as a hunter as a means to an end rather than as a leisurely pursuit, was saturated by instinct and had only brief flareups of primitive reason. Modern man feels a sense of nostalgia concerning this prior state and, in the meantime, remains somewhat resentful of his domestication, so decides to allocate time to an artificial return to it so as to lose himself within the bosom of Nature and demonstrate (through the game of the hunt and his self-imposed limits warranting off undue excess - dynamiting a lake doesn't qualify as hunting) the clear order he manifests in his action as possessing a supremacy over the prey he hunts.

This short book reminds me greatly of a terrible night of hunting I carried out as a boy on the eve of my adolescence. Such an event pretty much consisted of me laying prone in a bush during a deep fog and randomly flashing a torch on and off to see whether or not I would catch a rabbit off guard. I was positively freezing my nuts off in the midst of some poor bastard's aristocratic private estate while my father and his mutual friend wandered off into the woods, maybe he's still in denial, because I definitely heard some strange noises echo throughout that infernal night which belonged to neither fox nor hare. Alas, I begrudgingly shot at a rabbit around an hour or so later and to this day still have no idea if I hit him or not, after this book I wish I had hit that fuzzy little fucker. I don't think anyone felt like they possessed much supremacy that night....
… (more)
theoaustin | May 19, 2023 |
Scritto nel 1925, parla di quella che allora era "arte nuova" e senza dubbio fa considerazioni che possono essere applicate anche all'arte contemporanea d'oggi. La posizione di Ortega è ambigua nella misura in cui da un lato afferma di non voler affermare la superiorità né dell'arte contemporanea né di quella precedente, dall'altro si tradisce quando descrive la separazione tra volgo ed élite intellettuale (l'unica in grado di capire l'arte contemporanea - e non è difficile credere che lui se ne senta parte). Ci sono senz'altro note corrette e del tutto precorritrici di quanto è poi accaduto, in particolare il carattere intrinsecamente ironico dell'arte contemporanea.
… (more)
d.v. | May 16, 2023 |
L’uomo nuovo descritto nel 1930 da Ortega Y Gasset da ha la presunzione di sentirsi “come tutto il mondo”, senza darsene pensiero. La mancanza di responsabilità è la sua natura; la barbarie la condotta tramite cui attua la “ribellione” che dà titolo il libro:

«Interverrà dovunque, imponendo la sua volgare opinione, senza miraggi, senza contemplazioni, senza tramiti né riserve, vale a dire, secondo un regime di “azione diretta”».

L’uomo-massa è un “saggio ignorante”, forte delle sue conoscenze parcellizzate ma del tutto all’oscuro dei saperi che la sua specializzazione non esplora, verso i quali si pone tuttavia con la petulanza di chi sa di sapere.… (more)
d.v. | 28 other reviews | May 16, 2023 |
BegoMano | 28 other reviews | Mar 5, 2023 |



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