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Author photo. 1906 photograph (LoC Prints and Photographs, LC-USZ62-100472)

1906 photograph (LoC Prints and Photographs, LC-USZ62-100472)

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Alexei Maximovich Peshkov, better known as Maxim (Maksim) Gorky, was born on March 28th, 1968. Until the recent collapse of the Soviet state, Gorky was officially viewed as the greatest Russian writer of the twentieth century---an evaluation far above the true measure of his nevertheless considerable talent. Proclaimed the founder of socialist realism, he significantly influenced many Soviet writers, as well as others in Europe and in the developing world, and his works were for decades part of the Soviet school curriculum. His formal education was minimal. From the age of 11, he fended for himself with a variety of jobs. Self-taught, he published his first story, "Makar Chudra," in 1892. His first collection, Sketches and Stories (1898), is a romantic celebration of society's strong outcasts---the hobos and the drifters---and helped to popularize such literary protagonists. Foma Gordeyev (1899), Gorky's first novel, depicts generational conflict within the Russian bourgeoisie. A popular public figure on the left, Gorky was often in trouble with the tsarist government. During the 1900s, he was the central figure in the Znanie publishing house, which produced realist prose with a social conscience. Some of his own works were extremely successful. The play The Lower Depths (1902), set in a poorhouse and a strong indictment of social injustice, was not only a staple of Soviet theater but also influential in the United States. Eugene O'Neill's The Iceman Cometh was influenced by it. The propagandistic, extraordinarily influential novel Mother (1906) presents an iconic working-class woman who is transformed into a saint of the Revolution; its optimism in the ultimate triumph of the cause made it a prototype of socialist-realist fiction. During the years prior to 1917, Gorky published a number of autobiographical stories: All Over Russia (1912--18) (also Through Russia) and his memoirs; My Childhood (1913--14), My Apprenticeship (1915--16), and My Universities (1923). This trilogy shows his art at its best and includes some very lively reminiscences of such writers as Tolstoy and Chekhov. Although a Bolshevik party member since 1905, Gorky strongly criticized the new regime after the October Revolution: His collected articles from 1917-18, Untimely Thoughts, remained unpublished in the Soviet Union until recently. A cultural activist, he helped to save the lives of many writers, artists, and scholars during the cold and hungry years of the civil war. In 1921 he left Russia for Italy but returned permanently a decade later, recognized as the grand old man of Soviet literature. He then worked for Stalin's economic policies and presided over the institutionalization of socialist realism. At his death, he left unfinished a major novel of considerable interest, The Life of Klim Samgin, which he had been working on since 1925. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from Mother
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Mother (Author) 1,135 copies, 26 reviews
My Childhood 961 copies, 15 reviews
My Universities 283 copies, 4 reviews
My Apprenticeship 279 copies, 3 reviews
The Artamonov Business 251 copies, 4 reviews
The Lower Depths 236 copies, 5 reviews
The Life of a Useless Man 193 copies, 3 reviews
Foma Gordejew 124 copies, 1 review
Through Russia 91 copies, 1 review
Bystander 52 copies, 2 reviews
Enemies 51 copies, 1 review
The Three 42 copies
Portretten 35 copies
Summerfolk (Drama Classics) (Author) 33 copies, 1 review
On Literature 24 copies, 2 reviews
Pequenos burgueses 20 copies, 2 reviews
Konovalov 19 copies
Lenin 17 copies
Children of the Sun 17 copies, 4 reviews
Days with Lenin 15 copies
IHMISEN SYNTY 12 copies
Husbonden 12 copies
The Magnet 10 copies
Malva 10 copies, 2 reviews
The Specter 10 copies
Zomer 8 copies
Her Lover 7 copies
Plays 6 copies
One Autumn Night 6 copies, 1 review
Œuvres 6 copies, 1 review
Provokatören 5 copies
Erinnerungen an Zeitgenossen 5 copies, 1 review
Moren. B.1 5 copies
Reminiscences 5 copies
Gevallenen 5 copies
Tempête sur la ville 4 copies, 1 review
Les Barbares 4 copies
Samovar 4 copies
The Shield 4 copies
Les derniers 4 copies
ARTAMONOVLAR 4 copies
Letters 4 copies
Por el mundo 4 copies
Incendio (Author) 4 copies
Other Fires 4 copies
Moren. B.2 4 copies
In America 4 copies
Chelkash 4 copies
Gli ex-uomini 3 copies
4 Geschichten und vier dazu (Contributor) 3 copies
Briefwechsel 3 copies
Erzählungen 3 copies, 1 review
Fünf Dramen 3 copies
Bozkirda 3 copies
I vagabondi 3 copies
Cuentos 3 copies
Leo Tolstoi 2 copies
CUENTOS ESCOGIDOS 2 copies, 1 review
Vragi 2 copies
Ispoved' 2 copies
V ljudjah 2 copies
Meshhane 2 copies
Poslednie 2 copies
Erzählungen 2 copies
The Mother 2 copies
Fortellinger 2 copies
Comrades 2 copies
Zulüm 2 copies
Angustia 2 copies
Boredom 2 copies
The Judge 2 copies
Rusia. Volumen 2 (Contributor) 2 copies
Zigenare 2 copies
Boles 2 copies
Urspårade 2 copies
Stories of the Steppe 2 copies, 1 review
Mati 2 copies
Η μάνα 2 copies, 1 review
A MESTER 2 copies
Η ΜΑΝΑ 2 copies
Voragem 2 copies
El cinismo 1 copy
The Zykovs 1 copy
O ESPIÃO 1 copy
1905 1 copy
O espiô 1 copy
Varvara 1 copy
Las sectas 1 copy
MAAN 1 copy
Le patron 1 copy
ילדות 1 copy
MAA -1 1 copy
Gueules terribles 1 copy, 1 review
Oeuvres 1 copy
Žmonėse 1 copy
כתבים 1 copy
EL PATRONO 1 copy
Racconti 1 copy
Kulkuri 1 copy
Maailmalla 1 copy
Drámák 1 copy
Äiti 1 copy
Vakooja 1 copy
Srestho Golpo 1 copy, 1 review
Ema 1 copy
Pʹesy 1 copy
Lenine 1 copy
Plays 1 copy
Vassa 1 copy
Az anya 1 copy
Best Russian Short Stories (Contributor) 300 copies, 5 reviews
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (Contributor) 260 copies, 4 reviews
A World of Great Stories 239 copies, 4 reviews
The Portable Nineteenth-Century Russian Reader (Author, some editions) 185 copies, 1 review
Great Russian Short Stories 174 copies, 1 review
The Book of Spies. An Anthology of Literary Espionage (Contributor) 162 copies, 5 reviews
Great Russian Short Stories (Dover Thrift Editions) (Contributor) 130 copies, 2 reviews
Great Russian Plays (Contributor) 89 copies
Great Soviet Short Stories (Contributor) 73 copies
Pearl S. Buck's Book of Christmas (Contributor) 40 copies, 1 review
Gorky (Contributor) 23 copies
20th Century Russian Drama (Contributor) 22 copies
The Storm and Other Russian Plays (Contributor, some editions) 21 copies
Meesters der Russische vertelkunst (Contributor) 17 copies
The Lower Depths [1957 film] (Original play) 17 copies, 1 review
All verdens fortellere (Author, some editions) 15 copies, 1 review
Great Short Novels of the World (Contributor) 13 copies
Selected Russian Short Stories (Contributor) 12 copies
Russische verhalen (Contributor) 11 copies
Internacia krestomatio (Contributor) 7 copies
Tredive mesterfortællinger (Author, some editions) 3 copies, 1 review
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