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Author photo. 1906 photograph (LoC Prints and Photographs, LC-USZ62-100472)

1906 photograph (LoC Prints and Photographs, LC-USZ62-100472)

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Alexei Maximovich Peshkov, better known as Maxim (Maksim) Gorky, was born on March 28th, 1968. Until the recent collapse of the Soviet state, Gorky was officially viewed as the greatest Russian writer of the twentieth century---an evaluation far above the true measure of his nevertheless considerable talent. Proclaimed the founder of socialist realism, he significantly influenced many Soviet writers, as well as others in Europe and in the developing world, and his works were for decades part of the Soviet school curriculum. His formal education was minimal. From the age of 11, he fended for himself with a variety of jobs. Self-taught, he published his first story, "Makar Chudra," in 1892. His first collection, Sketches and Stories (1898), is a romantic celebration of society's strong outcasts---the hobos and the drifters---and helped to popularize such literary protagonists. Foma Gordeyev (1899), Gorky's first novel, depicts generational conflict within the Russian bourgeoisie. A popular public figure on the left, Gorky was often in trouble with the tsarist government. During the 1900s, he was the central figure in the Znanie publishing house, which produced realist prose with a social conscience. Some of his own works were extremely successful. The play The Lower Depths (1902), set in a poorhouse and a strong indictment of social injustice, was not only a staple of Soviet theater but also influential in the United States. Eugene O'Neill's The Iceman Cometh was influenced by it. The propagandistic, extraordinarily influential novel Mother (1906) presents an iconic working-class woman who is transformed into a saint of the Revolution; its optimism in the ultimate triumph of the cause made it a prototype of socialist-realist fiction. During the years prior to 1917, Gorky published a number of autobiographical stories: All Over Russia (1912--18) (also Through Russia) and his memoirs; My Childhood (1913--14), My Apprenticeship (1915--16), and My Universities (1923). This trilogy shows his art at its best and includes some very lively reminiscences of such writers as Tolstoy and Chekhov. Although a Bolshevik party member since 1905, Gorky strongly criticized the new regime after the October Revolution: His collected articles from 1917-18, Untimely Thoughts, remained unpublished in the Soviet Union until recently. A cultural activist, he helped to save the lives of many writers, artists, and scholars during the cold and hungry years of the civil war. In 1921 he left Russia for Italy but returned permanently a decade later, recognized as the grand old man of Soviet literature. He then worked for Stalin's economic policies and presided over the institutionalization of socialist realism. At his death, he left unfinished a major novel of considerable interest, The Life of Klim Samgin, which he had been working on since 1925. (Bowker Author Biography) — biography from Mother… (more)
Mother (Author) 1,215 copies, 31 reviews
My Childhood 1,017 copies, 15 reviews
My Universities 299 copies, 4 reviews
My Apprenticeship 289 copies, 3 reviews
The Artamonov Business 258 copies, 4 reviews
The Lower Depths 252 copies, 5 reviews
The Life of a Useless Man 202 copies, 3 reviews
Foma Gordejew 128 copies, 1 review
Through Russia 95 copies, 2 reviews
Bystander 55 copies, 2 reviews
Enemies 53 copies
The Three 45 copies
Portretten 36 copies
Summerfolk (Drama Classics) (Author) 33 copies, 1 review
On Literature 28 copies, 2 reviews
Pequenos burgueses 21 copies, 2 reviews
Konovalov 20 copies
Lenin 17 copies
Children of the Sun 17 copies, 4 reviews
Days with Lenin 16 copies
Malva 13 copies, 1 review
Husbonden 12 copies
The Specter 10 copies
The Magnet 10 copies
Zomer 8 copies
Her Lover 8 copies
One Autumn Night 7 copies, 1 review
Œuvres 6 copies, 1 review
Plays 6 copies
Moren. B.1 5 copies
Erinnerungen an Zeitgenossen 5 copies, 1 review
Briefwechsel 5 copies
Provokatören 5 copies
Gevallenen 5 copies
Other Fires 5 copies
Reminiscences 5 copies
Les derniers 4 copies
Letters 4 copies
Incendio (Author) 4 copies
I vagabondi 4 copies
Mati 4 copies
In America 4 copies
The Shield 4 copies
Por el mundo 4 copies
Samovar 4 copies
Les Barbares 4 copies
Tempête sur la ville 4 copies, 1 review
Moren. B.2 4 copies
Chelkash 4 copies
4 Geschichten und vier dazu (Contributor) 3 copies
Erzählungen 3 copies, 1 review
Bozkirda 3 copies
Fünf Dramen 3 copies
Fortellinger 2 copies
Angustia 2 copies
Boles 2 copies
The Judge 2 copies
Contos 2 copies
Η μάνα 2 copies, 1 review
Cuentos 2 copies
V ljudjah 2 copies
Ispoved' 2 copies
Meshhane 2 copies
Poslednie 2 copies
Vragi 2 copies
Erzählungen 2 copies
Leo Tolstoi 2 copies
Trije ljudje 2 copies
Rusia. Volumen 2 (Contributor) 2 copies
Zigenare 2 copies
Comrades 2 copies
Makar čudra 2 copies
A MESTER 2 copies
Boredom 2 copies
Η ΜΑΝΑ 2 copies
Stories of the Steppe 2 copies, 1 review
Urspårade 2 copies
The Mother 2 copies
Zulüm 2 copies
Voragem 2 copies
CUENTOS ESCOGIDOS 2 copies, 1 review
El cinismo 1 copy
Oeuvres 1 copy
Varvara 1 copy
Las sectas 1 copy
1905 1 copy
MAA -1 1 copy
O espiô 1 copy
O ESPIÃO 1 copy
Le patron 1 copy
حياتي 1 copy
Gueules terribles 1 copy, 1 review
Racconti 1 copy
MICHA 1 copy
NENA 1 copy
Kulkuri 1 copy
Drámák 1 copy
Az áruló 1 copy
Maailmalla 1 copy
Äiti 1 copy
Vakooja 1 copy
Ema 1 copy
Pʹesy 1 copy
Aai 1 copy
The Zykovs 1 copy
WE TEEN 1 copy
Az anya 1 copy
The magnet 1 copy
ילדות 1 copy
Plays 1 copy
Gorky 1 copy
כתבים 1 copy
I decaduti 1 copy
Žmonėse 1 copy
Letters 1 copy
Die Mutter 1 copy
Drame 1 copy
U tamnici 1 copy
Trojica 1 copy
Tolstoj 1 copy
Noterelle 1 copy
Il burlone 1 copy
Due anime 1 copy
Nyár 1 copy
Incontri 1 copy
Copilăria 1 copy
Móðirin 1 copy
Slaven 1 copy
Romane 1 copy
Vassa 1 copy
Werke in vier Bänden 1 copy, 1 review
Põhjas 1 copy
Çelkaş 1 copy
Konovalov 1 copy
W Ameryce 1 copy
Maa 1 copy
Lenine 1 copy
Srestho Golpo 1 copy, 1 review
MAAN 1 copy
Arkadas 1 copy
Mujik 1 copy
Veh Teen 1 copy
Chhalana 1 copy
Best Russian Short Stories (Contributor) 306 copies, 6 reviews
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (Contributor) 272 copies, 4 reviews
A World of Great Stories 250 copies, 4 reviews
The Portable Nineteenth-Century Russian Reader (Author, some editions) 198 copies, 1 review
Great Russian Short Stories 179 copies, 1 review
The Book of Spies. An Anthology of Literary Espionage (Contributor) 166 copies, 5 reviews
Great Russian Short Stories (Dover Thrift Editions) (Contributor) 134 copies, 2 reviews
Great Russian Plays (Contributor) 91 copies
Great Soviet Short Stories (Contributor) 75 copies
Pearl S. Buck's Book of Christmas (Contributor) 43 copies, 1 review
Gorky (Contributor) 23 copies
20th Century Russian Drama (Contributor) 22 copies
The Storm and Other Russian Plays (Contributor, some editions) 21 copies
The Lower Depths [1957 film] (Original play) 17 copies
Meesters der Russische vertelkunst (Contributor) 17 copies
All verdens fortellere (Contributor, some editions) 15 copies, 1 review
Great Short Novels of the World (Contributor) 14 copies
Selected Russian Short Stories (Contributor) 12 copies
Russische verhalen (Contributor) 11 copies
Internacia krestomatio (Contributor) 7 copies, 1 review
Tredive mesterfortællinger (Author, some editions) 3 copies, 1 review
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