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Author photo. Courtesy of the <a href="http://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/id?1250431">NYPL Digital Gallery</a> (image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)

Courtesy of the NYPL Digital Gallery (image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)

Thomas Hardy (1) [1840–1928]

This page covers the author of Tess of the d'Urbervilles.

For other authors named Thomas Hardy, see the disambiguation page.

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Thomas Hardy was born on June 2, 1840, in Higher Bockhampton, England. The eldest child of Thomas and Jemima, Hardy studied Latin, French, and architecture in school. He also became an avid reader. Upon graduation, Hardy traveled to London to work as an architect's assistant under the guidance of Arthur Bloomfield. He also began writing poetry. How I Built Myself a House, Hardy's first professional article, was published in 1865. Two years later, while still working in the architecture field, Hardy wrote the unpublished novel The Poor Man and the Lady. During the next five years, Hardy penned Desperate Remedies, Under the Greenwood Tree, and A Pair of Blue Eyes. In 1873, Hardy decided it was time to relinquish his architecture career and concentrate on writing full-time. In September 1874, his first book as a full-time author, Far from the Madding Crowd, appeared serially. After publishing more than two dozen novels, one of the last being Tess of the d'Urbervilles, Hardy returned to writing poetry--his first love. Hardy's volumes of poetry include Poems of the Past and Present, The Dynasts: Part One, Two, and Three, Time's Laughingstocks, and The Famous Tragedy of the Queen of Cornwall. From 1833 until his death, Hardy lived in Dorchester, England. His house, Max Gate, was designed by Hardy, who also supervised its construction. Hardy died on January 11, 1928. His ashes are buried in Poet's Corner at Westminster Abbey. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from Tess of the d'Urbervilles
… (more)
Tess of the d'Urbervilles 17,229 copies, 231 reviews
Far from the Madding Crowd 10,075 copies, 177 reviews
Jude the Obscure 9,318 copies, 128 reviews
The Mayor of Casterbridge 7,632 copies, 103 reviews
The Return of the Native (Author) 7,223 copies, 87 reviews
The Woodlanders 2,128 copies, 47 reviews
Under the Greenwood Tree 2,032 copies, 30 reviews
A Pair of Blue Eyes 1,380 copies, 21 reviews
The Trumpet-Major 1,024 copies, 14 reviews
Wessex Tales 614 copies, 8 reviews
Two on a Tower 596 copies, 12 reviews
Desperate Remedies 507 copies, 17 reviews
The Hand of Ethelberta 502 copies, 11 reviews
A Laodicean: A Story of Today 439 copies, 9 reviews
The Well-Beloved 405 copies, 6 reviews
Life's Little Ironies 328 copies, 8 reviews
A Group of Noble Dames 152 copies, 5 reviews
The Dynasts 127 copies, 2 reviews
Selected Poems 126 copies, 1 review
A Mere Interlude 119 copies, 4 reviews
Woman Much Missed 104 copies, 4 reviews
Hardy's Selected Poems 96 copies, 5 reviews
Our Exploits at West Poley 65 copies, 1 review
Selected Short Stories 57 copies, 1 review
Tales from Wessex 50 copies, 2 reviews
Wessex Poems and Other Verses 50 copies, 1 review
Selected Stories 49 copies, 2 reviews
The Penguin Thomas Hardy 48 copies, 1 review
Selected Poems of Thomas Hardy 45 copies, 1 review
Chosen poems of Thomas Hardy 45 copies, 1 review
The Withered Arm 42 copies, 3 reviews
The Distracted Preacher 37 copies, 1 review
The Poems of Thomas Hardy 35 copies, 1 review
Late Lyrics and Earlier 32 copies, 1 review
A Changed Man 24 copies
Collected Short Stories 20 copies, 1 review
Barbara of the house of Grebe (Author) 18 copies, 1 review
Wessex Poems 15 copies, 1 review
Love Poems 9 copies
Thomas Hardy 8 copies
The Dynasts: Part I 8 copies, 2 reviews
Thomas Hardy 7 copies, 3 reviews
Romanzi 6 copies
The Dynasts: Part II 5 copies, 1 review
Green Blades 4 copies
Hardy 3 copies
Poemas 2 copies
Poesie 1 copy
Healing Poetry 1 copy, 1 review
Neutral Tones [poem] 1 copy, 1 review
Hap 1 copy
[Works] 1 copy
55 wierszy 1 copy
Winter Poems (Contributor) 927 copies, 10 reviews
Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (Contributor, some editions) 848 copies, 6 reviews
The Nation's Favourite Poems (Contributor) 569 copies, 7 reviews
The Oxford Book of Gothic Tales (Contributor) 492 copies, 6 reviews
A Pocket Book of Modern Verse (Contributor, some editions) 404 copies, 1 review
The Penguin Book of War (Contributor) 385 copies, 1 review
The Penguin Book of English Short Stories (Contributor) 385 copies, 4 reviews
The Spy's Bedside Book (Contributor) 323 copies, 1 review
The Big Book of Christmas Mysteries (Contributor) 220 copies, 7 reviews
The Oxford Book of English Short Stories (Contributor) 168 copies, 3 reviews
Vampires, Wine, and Roses (Contributor) 135 copies, 2 reviews
The Oxford Book of Villains (Contributor) 126 copies
The Norton Book of Travel (Contributor) 105 copies, 1 review
Poetry of the First World War: an anthology (Contributor) 104 copies, 1 review
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (Contributor) 99 copies, 1 review
Foundations of Fear (Contributor) 91 copies, 2 reviews
Far From the Madding Crowd [2015 film] (Original book) 81 copies
Crime for Christmas (Contributor) 81 copies, 1 review
Chilling Horror Short Stories (Contributor) 80 copies
Murder for Christmas, Vol. 2 (Contributor) 78 copies
Selected Stories from the 19th Century (Contributor) 61 copies, 1 review
Masters of the Macabre (Contributor) 61 copies
A Book of Narrative Verse (Contributor) 58 copies, 1 review
Mystery for Christmas (Contributor) 45 copies
Famous and Curious Animal Stories (Contributor) 26 copies, 1 review
Modern English Short Stories (Contributor) 25 copies, 1 review
Far from the Madding Crowd [1998 film] (Original book) 20 copies
Ellery Queen's Poetic Justice (Author, some editions) 17 copies
The Big Book of Victorian Mysteries (Contributor) 15 copies
Paha vieras 15 copies
Horror by Lamplight (Contributor) 15 copies
Four English Novels (Contributor) 12 copies
A Little Night Reading (Author) 8 copies, 1 review
Men And Women: The Poetry Of Love (Contributor) 7 copies
Poetry anthology (Contributor, some editions) 6 copies
The West Country Book (Contributor) 5 copies
The children's own treasure book (Contributor) 2 copies
West Country Short Stories (Contributor) 2 copies

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Short biography
Thomas Hardy (2 June 1840 – 11 January 1928) was an English novelist and poet. A Victorian realist in the tradition of George Eliot, he was influenced both in his novels and in his poetry by Romanticism, including the poetry of William Wordsworth. He was highly critical of much in Victorian society, especially on the declining status of rural people in Britain, such as those from his native South West England.

While Hardy wrote poetry throughout his life and regarded himself primarily as a poet, his first collection was not published until 1898. Initially, he gained fame as the author of novels such as Far from the Madding Crowd (1874), The Mayor of Casterbridge (1886), Tess of the d'Urbervilles (1891), and Jude the Obscure (1895). During his lifetime, Hardy's poetry was acclaimed by younger poets (particularly the Georgians) who viewed him as a mentor. After his death his poems were lauded by Ezra Pound, W. H. Auden and Philip Larkin.

Many of his novels concern tragic characters struggling against their passions and social circumstances, and they are often set in the semi-fictional region of Wessex; initially based on the medieval Anglo-Saxon kingdom, Hardy's Wessex eventually came to include the counties of Dorset, Wiltshire, Somerset, Devon, Hampshire and much of Berkshire, in southwest and south central England. Two of his novels, Tess of the d'Urbervilles and Far from the Madding Crowd, were listed in the top 50 on the BBC's survey The Big Read.

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