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Born the son of a government clerk in Stuttgart, Germany, George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel received his education at Tubingen in theology. Arguably the most influential philosopher of the nineteenth century, Hegel's lectures---most notably at the University of Berlin from 1818 to his death---deeply influenced not only philosophers and historians but generations of political activists of both the Right and Left, champions of the all-powerful nation-state on the one hand and Karl Marx on the other. His lectures at Berlin were the platform from which he set forth the system elaborated in his writings. At the heart of Hegel's philosophy is his philosophy of history. In his view, history works in a series of dialectical steps---thesis, antithesis, synthesis. His whole system is founded on the great triad---the Idea as thesis, Nature as antithesis, and the Spirit as synthesis. The Idea is God's will; Nature is the material world, including man; Spirit is man's self-consciousness of the Idea, his coming to an understanding of God's will. The formation over time of this consciousness is History. Spirit does not exist in the abstract for Hegel, but is comprehended in "peoples," cultures, or civilizations, in practice states. Hegelian Freedom is only possible in organized states, where a National Spirit can be realized. This National Spirit, a part of the World Spirit, is realized in History largely through the actions of World Historical Individuals, heroes such as Napoleon, who embody that Spirit. A profound misunderstanding of this doctrine led many German intellectuals to subvert it into a narrow, authoritarian nationalism that glorified the "state" as an end in itself. Although Hegel saw his philosophy as universal, applicable throughout the world, the focus and inspiration of his thought was European. And in his own even smaller world, he was content to support and work for the Prussian state, which he believed to be the highest development of history up to that time. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from The Phenomenology of Spirit
… (more)
The Phenomenology of Spirit 2,769 copies, 19 reviews
Elements of the Philosophy of Right 1,204 copies, 4 reviews
The Philosophy of History 1,154 copies, 9 reviews
Reason in History 571 copies, 3 reviews
Hegel's Science of Logic 299 copies, 1 review
Hegel: The Essential Writings (Author; Author) 226 copies, 1 review
The Philosophy of Hegel 199 copies, 1 review
Hegel: Texts and Commentary (Author) 190 copies, 1 review
Hegel: Philosophy of Mind 184 copies, 3 reviews
Hegel: Selections 97 copies, 1 review
The Logic of Hegel 44 copies, 2 reviews
Hegel 37 copies, 1 review
Vita di Gesu 22 copies
Estética 13 copies, 2 reviews
Hegel 11 copies
Lógica 10 copies, 1 review
Logica 2 vol 9 copies
Hegel i urval 7 copies
A logika 6 copies
El concepto de religión 6 copies, 1 review
Fé e Saber 5 copies
Tarihte akıl 5 copies
La dialettica 5 copies
Lettere 3 copies
Hegel 2 copies
Lógica I 2 copies
La poésie 1 copy
The Philosophy Of Nature 1 copy, 1 review
Hegel I 1 copy
Platoni 1 copy, 1 review
小邏輯 1 copy
Estetik 1 copy
Prefácios 1 copy
The Prince (Contributor, some editions) 21,313 copies, 236 reviews
The European Philosophers from Descartes to Nietzsche (Contributor) 393 copies, 3 reviews
Critical Theory Since Plato (Contributor, some editions) 372 copies, 1 review
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (Author, some editions) 160 copies
Political philosophy (Contributor) 30 copies
German Essays on Music (Contributor) 17 copies
Fragmentos para una teoría romántica del arte (Contributor) 13 copies, 2 reviews

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