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Author photo. Roman copy of a Greek original of the early 4th century BC,<br> Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome, Italy<br> (Credit: Marie Lan-Nguyen, 2006)

Roman copy of a Greek original of the early 4th century BC,
Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome, Italy
(Credit: Marie Lan-Nguyen, 2006)

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Herodotus was the inventor of universal history. Often called the Father of History, his histories are divided into nine books named after the nine muses. A native of Halicarnassus on the coast of Asia Minor (modern Bodrum, Turkey), he traveled extensively, writing lively descriptions of the lands he saw and the peoples he encountered. Herodotus set out to relate the story of the conflict of the Greeks of his own time against the "barbarian" Asiatic empire of Achaemenid Persia. His long narrative, titled by modern convention The Histories, begins with the earliest traditions he believed reliable. It ends with a highly colored account of the defeat of the Persian emperor Xerxes and his immense army of slaves by a much smaller number of Greeks fighting to preserve their freedom. Herodotus wrote history, but his methods and assumptions were not those of a modern historian, and his work was unjustly rejected by his successor Thucydides as factually highly unreliable and full of inappropriate romance. By his own admission, Herodotus retold the stories of other peoples without necessarily believing them all. This allowed him total artistic freedom and control to create a picture of the world that corresponded entirely to his own view of it. The result is a picture of Herodotus's world that is also a picture of his mind and, therefore, of many other Greek minds during the period known as "late Archaic." During this period, the Greek mind was dominated by reason, the domain of the first philosophers and the observant and thoughtful medical theorists of the Hippocratic school. Traditional beliefs in the gods of Homer and in their Oracles, especially the Oracle at Delphi, also dominated during this period. The literary genius of Herodotus consisted in the art of the storyteller. The stories he chose to tell, and the order in which he told them, provide his readers with a total view of his world and the way in which the will of the gods and the ambitions of humans interacted to produce what is known as history. For this reason the ancient critic Longinus justly called Herodotus "the most Homeric of all authors." Like Homer, Herodotus strove to understand the world theologically---a goal that makes his work difficult for the reader to understand at first. But, in place of Homer's divine inspiration, Herodotus used his eyes and ears and wrote not poetry but prose. Rejecting what is commonly known as myth, he accepted instead "oral tradition" about remembered events. For example, although he believed that the Trojan War had been fought, he could not investigate it beyond what the poets had said. In his view this "ancient history" of the Greeks and the peoples of Asia was not like contemporary history, because the heroes of old who had created it were beings of a different and superior order who had had a different, direct, and personal relationship with the gods. In recognizing this distinction, Herodotus defined for all time the limits of the historian's discipline. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from The Histories
… (more)
The Histories 8,892 copies, 77 reviews
The Landmark Herodotus: The Histories 1,444 copies, 20 reviews
The Persian Wars 409 copies, 3 reviews
Herodoti Historiae Libri V-IX (Author) 137 copies
Historiae 1: Clio 118 copies, 1 review
Madness of Cambyses 97 copies, 3 reviews
The Histories 83 copies, 1 review
Herodoti Historiae 43 copies, 2 reviews
The Struggle for Greece 42 copies, 1 review
The Histories (Books 1 to 4) 38 copies, 1 review
Historiae 6: Erato 28 copies, 1 review
L'enquête 13 copies
Le storie di Erodoto (Author) 8 copies
Història. II 7 copies
Tarih 5 copies
The History 4 copies
Història. II 3 copies
Història. I 3 copies
Storici greci 3 copies
Egypt 3 copies
História 3 copies
Història 2 copies
Historia 2 copies
Herodotos 2 copies
Història 2 copies
Història III 2 copies
Histoires 2 copies
Història II 1 copy, 1 review
Història I 1 copy, 1 review
Herodotos 1 copy
HISTÒRIA 1 copy
Història 1 copy
Zgodbe 1 copy
Historias 1 copy
Historias 1 copy
Historia I 1 copy
Historia V 1 copy
Historia 1 copy
Historia 1 copy
Historia 1 copy
Historia 1 copy
Herodot 1 copy
Dějiny 1 copy
Historiae 1 copy
Book VIII 1 copy
Muzen 1 copy
Il Nilo 1 copy
Book VIII 1 copy
Book IX 1 copy
The Mammoth Book of Historical Whodunits Volume 2 (Contributor) 523 copies, 4 reviews
The Portable Greek Historians (Contributor) 489 copies, 3 reviews
Voyages and Travels (Contributor) 194 copies, 1 review
Greek Civilization and Character (Contributor) 135 copies
The Norton Book of Travel (Contributor) 106 copies, 1 review
Classic Travel Stories (Contributor) 57 copies
The Book of the Sea (Contributor) 35 copies
The Lock and Key Library (Volume 2: Mediterranean) (Contributor) 15 copies, 1 review

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