Christina Hole was born in Rickmansworth, England and raised in Kingston-on-Thames by her grandmother. She attended St. Bernard's Convent in Slough from age 12 and finished her education in France. Before World War II, she worked in Cheshire as an organizer and speaker for the Conservative Party. It was during this time that she started to study and collect folklore seriously as she traveled around the country. Her first book was Traditions and Customs of Cheshire (1937), and she wrote many others on English folklore, customs and usage. In 1941, she joined the Folklore Society, and in 1956 was invited to become the honorary editor of its journal, Folklore, a position she held until 1979. Her most popular book was Witchcraft in England (1945).