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Victor Hugo (1802–1885)

Author of Les Misérables

1,872+ Works 58,935 Members 783 Reviews 206 Favorited
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About the Author

Victor Hugo was born in Besançon, France on February 26, 1802. Although he originally studied law, Hugo dreamed of writing. In 1819, he founded the journal Conservateur Litteraire as an outlet for his dream and soon produced volumes of poetry, plays, and novels. His novels included The Hunchback show more of Notre Dame and Les Miserables. Both of these works have been adapted for the stage and screen many times. These adaptations include the Walt Disney version of The Hunchback of Notre Dame, and the award-winning musical sensation Les Miserables. In addition to his literary career, Hugo also held political office. In 1841, he was elected to the Academie Francaise. After political upheaval in 1851, he was exiled and remained so until 1870. He returned to Paris in 1871 and was elected to the National Assembly, though he soon resigned. He died on May 22, 1885. (Bowker Author Biography) show less
Image credit: Photograph by Étienne Carjat (1876)

Series

Works by Victor Hugo

Les Misérables (1862) 26,524 copies, 335 reviews
The Hunchback of Notre-Dame (1831) 14,304 copies, 180 reviews
The Toilers of the Sea (1866) 1,287 copies, 25 reviews
The Last Day of a Condemned Man (1829) 1,158 copies, 26 reviews
Ninety-three (1874) 1,151 copies, 25 reviews
Les Misérables, Volume 2 of 2 (1862) 1,009 copies, 2 reviews
The Man Who Laughs (1869) 934 copies, 22 reviews
Les Misérables, Volume 1 of 2 (1862) 848 copies, 10 reviews
Les Misérables [abridged] (1982) 369 copies, 3 reviews
Les Contemplations (1965) 331 copies, 1 review
Les Miserables (Abridged Edition) (1896) 331 copies, 17 reviews
Ruy Blas (1838) 321 copies, 5 reviews
Hernani (1830) — Author — 314 copies, 5 reviews
Les Misérables (1/3) (1973) — Author — 245 copies, 2 reviews
Les Misérables (2/3) (1951) 186 copies, 2 reviews
Les Misérables (3/3) (1972) 183 copies
The Hunchback of Notre Dame / Les Misérables (1991) 144 copies, 2 reviews
Claude Gueux (1834) — Author — 144 copies, 2 reviews
Hans of Iceland (1823) 134 copies, 2 reviews
Bug-Jargal (1826) — Author — 134 copies, 5 reviews
Les Châtiments (1967) 133 copies, 1 review
Gavroche (1958) 125 copies
The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1/2) (1930) — Author — 104 copies, 2 reviews
La Légende des siècles (1859) 100 copies, 2 reviews
History of a Crime (-0001) 97 copies, 1 review
Le Dernier jour d'un condamné, précédé de "Bug-Jargal" (1829) — Author — 95 copies, 1 review
Things seen (1957) 81 copies, 2 reviews
Classics Illustrated: Les Miserables (1943) 73 copies, 2 reviews
The Hunchback of Notre Dame (2/2) (1901) — Author — 71 copies
100 Eternal Masterpieces of Literature - volume 2 (2020) — Contributor — 71 copies
Cromwell (1936) 67 copies
Napoleon the Little (1852) 66 copies, 2 reviews
Les misérables [abridged] (1991) — Author — 63 copies
Les Misérables (1/5) : Fantine (1934) — Author — 63 copies, 1 review
The Story of Jean Valjean (1911) 61 copies
100 Eternal Masterpieces of Literature - volume 1 (2017) — Contributor — 59 copies
De ellendigen (1975) 57 copies
Les Miserables (Radio Theatre) (2001) 56 copies, 3 reviews
Lucrèce Borgia (1985) 51 copies, 2 reviews
Ernani (sound recording) (1985) — original play — 50 copies
William Shakespeare (1887) 48 copies
L'Art d'être grand-père (1993) 46 copies
Hernani / The King's Diversion / Ruy Blas (1830) — Author — 46 copies
Les Misérables (3/5) : Marius (1862) — Author — 40 copies
The Rhine (1980) — Author — 39 copies, 2 reviews
De elendige / B.1 (1974) 38 copies
The Memoirs of Victor Hugo (2005) 35 copies
Le roi s'amuse (2007) — Author — 34 copies, 1 review
Les Miserables, Tome 2: Cosette (French Edition) (1995) — Author — 34 copies
Hugo : La Légende des siècles - La Fin de Satan - Dieu (1931) — Author — 32 copies, 1 review
The Man Who Laughs (1/2) (1888) — Author — 32 copies, 2 reviews
Theatre 1 (French Edition) (1901) — Author — 32 copies
Waterloo (Penguin Little Black Classics) (1992) 31 copies, 1 review
Préface de Cromwell (1972) 31 copies, 2 reviews
Odes et ballades (1828) 30 copies
Contro la pena di morte (1992) 30 copies
La fin de Satan (1951) 28 copies
The Man Who Laughs (2/2) (1888) — Author — 27 copies, 1 review
Sefiller (2016) 25 copies
Le Dernier Jour d'un condamné ; Claude Gueux (1996) — Author — 24 copies
Os Miseráveis - Volume I (2015) 23 copies
Les feuilles d'automne (1880) 23 copies
Hugo : Notre-Dame de Paris - Les Travailleurs de la mer (1975) — Author — 23 copies, 1 review
Les Misérables, tome 1 : Fantine (1964) 22 copies, 1 review
Libri e biblioteche (2002) — Author — 20 copies
Samhällets olycksbarn. D. 1 (1862) 19 copies, 2 reviews
Les Miserables [1978 TV movie] (1978) — Author — 19 copies, 1 review
Les Misérables [2000 TV mini series] (2013) — Original book — 19 copies
Los miserables II (1967) 18 copies
The Toilers of the Sea (1/2) (1888) — Author — 18 copies, 1 review
Poésies choisies (1951) 18 copies
Choix de poésies lyriques (1949) 17 copies, 1 review
The Battle of Waterloo (1977) 17 copies, 1 review
Hugo : Oeuvres poétiques, tome 1 (1964) 17 copies, 2 reviews
Choses vues 1849-1885 (1997) 17 copies, 2 reviews
Les Misérables 17 copies
Hugo : Oeuvres poétiques, tome 2 (1967) 15 copies, 1 review
Obras completas (2004) 15 copies
Les Misérables [1935 film] (1935) — Author — 14 copies
Victor Hugo : Théatre complet, tome 1 (1963) 14 copies, 1 review
Los Miserables II (1983) 13 copies
België (1986) 13 copies
The Toilers of the Sea (2/2) (1890) — Author — 13 copies, 1 review
Les Burgraves (1993) — Author — 12 copies
L'année terrible (1985) 12 copies
Mangeront-ils ? (1993) 11 copies
YHDEKSÄNKYMMENTÄKOLME 2 (1874) — Author — 11 copies
De elendige. B.3 11 copies
Oeuvres Complètes (2013) 11 copies
The Purchase of a Soul (2010) 11 copies
Marion de Lorme (2001) — Author — 11 copies
The bishop's candlesticks, from Les misèrables (1908) — Author — 11 copies
Kurjat 2 (1974) 10 copies
Les feuilles d'automne, les chants du crépuscule (1970) — Author — 10 copies
Toilers of the Sea / Ninety-Three (1880) — Author — 10 copies
The Man Who Laughs / Claude Gueux (1888) — Author — 10 copies
Hernani, Marion De Lorme (1930) 10 copies
Les Misérables, tome 1 (1963) 9 copies
Los miserables Volumen I (1999) 9 copies
Toilers of the Sea / Bug-Jargal (2011) — Author — 9 copies
Contro i tagli alla cultura (2011) 9 copies, 1 review
Grandes Enigmas : Tomo II (2000) 8 copies
Os miseráveis II (2017) 8 copies
Choses vues 1830-1846 (1972) 8 copies, 1 review
Les Miserables III — Author — 8 copies
La chute (2010) 8 copies
Mon premier Hugo (2001) 8 copies
History of a Crime, Volume 1 (1877) — Author — 8 copies
Ninety-three / Things seen 7 copies, 1 review
LOS MISERABLES TOMO II (2014) 7 copies
I miserabili - Vol. II (1975) 7 copies
Heath's Modern Language Series : Les Miserables (1912) — Writer — 7 copies
Leggenda del bel Pecopino e della bella Baldura (1991) — Author — 7 copies
Actes et Paroles (2010) 7 copies
Toute la lyre 7 copies
Le Théâtre en liberté (1963) 7 copies
Dieu (1986) — Author — 7 copies
Les orientales (1867) 6 copies
Fantine et Cosette (1947) 6 copies, 1 review
Obras inmortales (1981) 6 copies
María Tudor (1909) — Author — 6 copies
Hernani Ruy blas (1969) 6 copies
Les Misérables [1935 film & 1952 film] (2007) — Author — 6 copies
Victor Hugo, dessins (1980) 6 copies
Han D'islandia I (1823) 6 copies
Poems (2009) 6 copies
Choses vues 1830-1848 (1997) 6 copies
Les miserables - tome 1 (2015) 5 copies
Deniz İşçileri (2019) 5 copies
Les rayons et les ombres (2012) 5 copies, 1 review
Les Misérables (amb CD) (2001) 5 copies
Bug-Jargal / Claude Gueux (1896) — Author — 5 copies
Les Misérables, tome 1 (1705) 5 copies
Le Promontoire du songe (2012) 5 copies
Nędznicy. tom I (2011) 5 copies
Les Miserables, Vol II — Author — 5 copies
Le Rhin, tome 1 5 copies
Les Miserables IV (1934) — Author — 5 copies
Los miserables. Tomo II (2009) 5 copies
Cent poèmes (2001) 5 copies
Hüljatud. 2. 4 copies
Han D'Islandia II (1823) 4 copies
Poésies (1984) 4 copies
L'archipel de la Manche (2014) 4 copies
Skrattmänniskan (1985) 4 copies
Les Misérables, Tome 1 : (2009) 4 copies
Esmeralda (2010) 4 copies
MISERABLES (I), LOS (2004) 4 copies
Elogio de Paris (2010) 4 copies
Hüljatud. 1 4 copies
Choses vues 1870-1885 (1972) 4 copies
Dramas 4 copies
Les Contemplations I (2012) 4 copies
Les Miserables Tome I (1963) 4 copies
De elendige /B 2 (1974) 3 copies
Fantine (2000) 3 copies
Voyages en Suisse (1990) 3 copies
Coisas do entardecer (1979) 3 copies
Choix de poemes (1957) 3 copies
Les Miserables, tome 2 (1967) 3 copies
Les Misérables: Extraits (2014) 3 copies
Jersey et Guernesey (2010) 3 copies
Les Misérables, tome 2 (1999) 3 copies
Ecrits politiques (2002) 3 copies
Oeuvres poétiques, vol I, II et III (1964) 3 copies, 1 review
El exilio (2013) 3 copies
Vargdieniai 3 3 copies
Vargdieniai 2 3 copies
Vargdieniai 1 3 copies
Os miseráveis 3 copies
Los miserables. Tomo I (2009) 3 copies
Poésie 3 copies
Ruy Blas Les burgraves (1938) 3 copies
Heidelberg. (2003) 3 copies
The Alps and Pyrenees (2001) 3 copies
Nedznicy : Tom IV (1999) 3 copies
Le Bossu de Notre-Dame (1981) 3 copies
HI Imiserabili (1983) 3 copies
POEMES FEERIQUES (1900) 3 copies
Pendant l'exil 3 copies
NJERIU QE QESH 3 copies
Victor Hugo: pittore (1993) 3 copies
Les plus beaux poemes (V. hugo) 010397 (1996) — Author — 3 copies
Les Miserables - Tome III (1972) 3 copies
Dramas, Vol 2. 3 copies
The Works of Victor Hugo (1928) 3 copies
Ce que c'est que l'exil (2008) 3 copies
Poems: In Three Volumes (1892) 3 copies
Cosette. Gavroche (1990) 3 copies
Les Miserables (BBC Radio Collection) (2002) 3 copies, 1 review
Les Misérables [1952 film] — Original book — 2 copies
Los Miserables (1983) 2 copies
Poems by Victor Hugo (2016) 2 copies
Voyage à Bordeaux (1993) 2 copies
L' homme qui rit (1869) — Author — 2 copies
Atos e palavras III (2014) 2 copies
Poésies théâtre (1986) 2 copies
Ruy Blas (2016) 2 copies
Toute La Lyre II (1889) 2 copies
Lettres à la fiancée (2010) 2 copies
Los miserables T1 (2011) 2 copies
Les miserables. Level 6 (2016) 2 copies
Literatura y filosofía (2015) 2 copies
Lettres à Juliette Drouet, 1833-1883 (1987) 2 copies, 1 review
Mes fils (1874) 2 copies
Romans 1, 2 en 3 (2013) 2 copies
A Fight with a Cannon (2016) 2 copies
Les misérables - Tome 1 (1997) 2 copies
Los Miserables. Compendio (2010) 2 copies
Të mjerët 2 copies, 2 reviews
Viti 93 2 copies, 2 reviews
Noranta-tres (1989) 2 copies
SUBLIME EXPIAÇÃO (1976) 2 copies
Tutto il teatro 2 copies
Les Miserables, V4 (2002) 2 copies
Ren (1987) 2 copies
Under Sentence of Death (2015) 2 copies
Les Misérables: Volume 2 (2017) 2 copies
The wretched 2 copies
Dor Suprema (2007) 2 copies
Doksan Üc (2018) 2 copies
Ubožáci 2 copies
Oamenii mării 2 copies
7 Keys to Freedom (2015) 2 copies
HAN 2 copies
Guerre aux démolisseurs (2022) 2 copies
Oration on Voltaire (1923) 2 copies
O reiciño de Galicia (2005) 2 copies
En Voyage 2 copies
Die Elenden - Band I & II (1958) 2 copies
Ode et Ballades 2 copies
Les miserables t.3 (1992) 2 copies
Les Misérables. Tome 3 (1934) 2 copies
Marius et Jean Valjean (2004) 2 copies
Poems, vol. I 2 copies
Poems, vol. II 2 copies
Poems, vol. III 2 copies
Combats politiques et humanitaires (2002) 2 copies, 1 review
Seçme Şiirler (2003) 2 copies
Victor Hugo visionnaire (1983) 2 copies
Sefiller 2 Cilt Takim (2013) 2 copies
The Hunchback of Notre Dame (Van Gool's) (1995) 2 copies, 1 review
Morceaux choisis 2 copies, 1 review
Lotte sociali (2019) 2 copies
Poesies — Author — 2 copies
Paris (2002) 2 copies, 1 review
(all) 2 copies
The Works of Victor Hugo (2009) 2 copies
Coisas que eu vi II 2 copies, 1 review
Théâtre. (1979) 2 copies
Mary Tudor ; The twins — Author — 2 copies
Hans of Iceland and Bug-Jargal — Author — 2 copies
Oeuvres complètes (1985) 2 copies
De ellendigen 1 copy, 1 review
Los Miserables. Tomo V. 1 copy, 1 review
Poems (Hugo) (2008) 1 copy
Bog 1 copy
I miserabili 1 copy
Victor hugo 1 copy
L'art et la science (1985) 1 copy
Préface de "Cromwell" (2023) 1 copy
Rheinreise (1982) 1 copy
Les Romans 1 copy
Poésies intimes (2010) 1 copy
FA181 1 copy
Poèmes (2011) 1 copy
Værker 1 copy
Fantine 1 copy
Fantine 1 copy
Dzwonnik z Notre-Dame (1992) 1 copy
L'avenir 1 copy
Dělníci moře (2014) 1 copy
Rui Blas 1 copy
Odes 1 copy
Ninety-Three 1 copy
Victor Hugo, Hernani (2019) 1 copy
Les Plus belles pages (2002) 1 copy
Sefiller II (2004) 1 copy
Sefiller I 1 copy
Les trois enfants (1959) 1 copy
Gavroshi 1 copy, 1 review
Nedznicy-3 1 copy
Kozeta 1 copy
Të mjerët Vëllimi 1 1 copy, 1 review
N.MURAVIEVA 1 copy
TE MJERET 1 copy
TE MJERET 3 1 copy
TE MJERET 2 1 copy
KLOD FUKARAI 1 copy
Viti 93 1 copy
Fantine (1975) 1 copy
Victor Hugo's Works (6 VOLUME SET) — Author — 1 copy
POESÍAS 1 copy
Notre Dame`in Kamburu 1 copy, 1 review
Notre-Dame von Paris 1 copy, 1 review
les incontournables de la litterature en bd — Auteur illustré — 1 copy
Ч. 1,2 1 copy
Waterloo 1 copy
Les Misérables T3 (3) (2019) 1 copy
Rondônia 1 copy
Theatre III (1870) 1 copy
Theatre 4 (1868) 1 copy
Theatre II 1 copy
LOS MISERABLES I y II 1 copy, 1 review
Les Misérables 5 (2013) 1 copy
1793: I; II 1 copy
Poésie 1 copy
Discours sur Voltaire (2011) 1 copy
Kurjat. 1-2 1 copy
Les Misérables 4 (2015) 1 copy
THEATRE, 3 TOMES (1856) 1 copy
THEATRE, 4 TOMES (1883) 1 copy
Poematy wybrane (1985) 1 copy
Les Misérables 3 (2015) 1 copy
Les Misérables 1 (2015) 1 copy
La Poupée de Cosette (2012) 1 copy
Océan 1 copy
Choix De Poesies De Victor Hugo (1967) — Author — 1 copy
Los tres hermanos (1979) 1 copy
L'Âne 1 copy
Noventa e tres (2008) 1 copy
Victor Hugo (1972) 1 copy
pg135 1 copy
Eschilo (1991) 1 copy
Nesrečniki 1 copy
Der Mann 1 copy
Avant l'Exil 1 copy
Amy Robsart (2001) 1 copy
Em viagem II 1 copy
Jadnici / 2 1 copy
1793 ; [Claude Gueux] (1930) 1 copy
Théâtre complet I (1963) 1 copy
Best of Victor Hugo (2007) 1 copy
L'ogre de Moscovie (2008) 1 copy
1966 1 copy
LOS MISERABLES II (1967) 1 copy
L'arte di essere nonno (2011) 1 copy
Nędznicy. Tom 2 (2009) 1 copy
Les pyrenees (1984) 1 copy
1793: III 1 copy
Victor Hugo en el Perú — Author — 1 copy
Κλοντ Γκε (2019) 1 copy
BEDÁRI 3 (1909) 1 copy, 1 review
BEDÁRI 2 (1909) 1 copy, 1 review
Sefiller 2 Cilt (2015) 1 copy
NISANLIYA MEKTUPLAR (2004) 1 copy
Les Misérables, Tome 2 : Cosette (2008) — Author — 1 copy
LOS MISERABLES - TOMO 1-2 1 copy, 1 review
Dios (2011) 1 copy
Au Jardin des plantes (2002) 1 copy
Le Crapaud (2010) 1 copy
Lucrezia Borgia (2018) 1 copy
Poésies Tome II (1950) 1 copy
£ ı £ £ 1 copy
Theatre I (1972) 1 copy
Mirovên hejar (2001) 1 copy
Nędznicy. 2 (2018) 1 copy
Nędznicy. 1 (2018) 1 copy
Four Novels 1 copy
L'homme qui rit, I (1880) 1 copy
Romans. III 1 copy
Romans. II 1 copy
Romans I 1 copy

Associated Works

Les Misérables [2012 film] (2012) — Original book — 689 copies, 6 reviews
Gargantua (1534) — Foreword, some editions — 593 copies, 11 reviews
Prefaces and Prologues to Famous Books (1909) — Contributor — 523 copies, 1 review
The Illustrated Treasury of Children's Literature, Volumes 1-2 (1955) — Contributor — 463 copies, 4 reviews
The Penguin Book of War (1999) — Contributor — 455 copies, 1 review
World Poetry: An Anthology of Verse from Antiquity to Our Time (1998) — Contributor — 450 copies, 1 review
The Hunchback of Notre Dame [1996 film] (1996) — Original book — 363 copies, 2 reviews
Men at War: The Best War Stories of All Time (1942) — Contributor — 290 copies
Les Miserables [1998 film] (1998) — Original book — 186 copies, 3 reviews
The Moral Life: An Introductory Reader in Ethics and Literature (1999) — Contributor — 184 copies, 2 reviews
Great Stories of the Sea & Ships (1940) — Contributor — 176 copies
Rigoletto [sound recording] (1988) — Source — 160 copies
Candide [Norton Critical Edition, 1st ed.] (1966) — Contributor — 157 copies, 3 reviews
Ten Tales of Christmas (1972) — Contributor — 153 copies, 3 reviews
Best Loved Books for Young Readers 04 (1831) — Author — 102 copies, 2 reviews
French Short Stories (1998) — Contributor — 87 copies
Les Miserables: Original 1987 Broadway Cast Recording (1987) — Original story — 76 copies
World's Great Adventure Stories (1929) — Contributor — 75 copies
The Hunchback of Notre Dame II [2002 film] (2002) — Original novel — 65 copies
The Hunchback of Notre Dame [1923 film] (1923) — Original book — 53 copies
Treasury of the Theatre: From Aeschylus to Ostrovsky (1967) — Contributor — 49 copies
The Man Who Laughs: A Graphic Novel (2013) — Original Story; Author — 41 copies
Victor Hugo's The Hunchback of Notre Dame: A Graphic Novel (2006) — Original story — 40 copies, 1 review
The Romantics on Shakespeare (1992) — Contributor — 37 copies
The Greatest War Stories Ever Told: Twenty-Four Incredible War Tales (2001) — Contributor — 29 copies, 1 review
The Man Who Laughs [1928 film] (1928) — Original book — 27 copies
Fantastic and Visionary Painting (1969) — Illustrator — 27 copies
The Romantic Influence (1963) 27 copies
The Hunchback of Notre Dame [1939 film] (1939) — Original book — 26 copies
Pathetic Literature (2022) — Contributor — 26 copies, 1 review
The Hunchback of Notre Dame (Ladybird Book of the Film) (1996) — Original book — 25 copies
Stories to Remember: Literary Heritage Series (1967) — Contributor — 22 copies
Les Misérables: A Graphic Novel (Classic Fiction) (2018) — Contributor — 20 copies, 1 review
The Masterpiece Library of Short Stories Volumes 3 & 4 (1900) — Contributor — 17 copies
Fairy Poems (2023) — Contributor — 16 copies
Les Misérables: Masterpiece [2018 TV mini series] (2019) — Original book — 14 copies, 1 review
The Paris Review 167 2003 Fall (2003) — Contributor — 14 copies
Victor Hugo (1951) — Contributor — 14 copies
The Hunchback of Notre Dame [1982 TV movie] (1982) — Original book — 9 copies
International Short Stories French (Volume 3) (2010) — Contributor — 8 copies
The Works of Voltaire, Volume I. Introduction. Candide. (2012) — Contributor — 7 copies
Le Dernier jour d'un condamné, Victor Hugo (2001) — Contributor — 7 copies
The Hunchback of Notre Dame: Studio Cast Recording (2014) — Original story — 6 copies
Profil d'Une Oeuvre: Hugo: Les Contemplations (1994) — Author — 6 copies
The Hunchback of Notre Dame [1956 film] (2004) — Original book — 6 copies
Der Orchideengarten (1919) — Contributor — 6 copies
Mon cher Papa... : Des écrivains et leur père (2007) — Contributor — 5 copies
Great Love Scenes from Famous Novels (1943) — Contributor — 5 copies
Sea Devils [1953 film] (1953) — Original novel — 5 copies
Miserables, les - I jean valjean (BD) (1995) — some editions — 4 copies
Profil D'une Oeuvre (French Edition) (1992) — Contributor — 3 copies
Four Novels for Adventure (1960) — Contributor — 3 copies
A Book of Narratives (1917) — Contributor — 2 copies
Marvel Classics Comics No. 3 — Story — 1 copy, 1 review
Don Quichotte (Opéra Bastille, 26-V-2024) (2024) — Contributor — 1 copy
Gespenster - Handliche Bibliothek der Romantik (2020) — Illustrator — 1 copy
Literaire rechtspraak — Contributor, some editions — 1 copy
Ferdinand Freiligraths Werke - Neue Pracht-Ausgabe (1900) — Contributor — 1 copy

Tagged

1001 (140) 1001 books (132) 19th century (1,016) 19th century literature (143) anthology (123) classic (1,589) classic fiction (156) classic literature (299) classics (1,933) drama (157) ebook (236) fiction (4,823) France (1,426) French (1,439) French fiction (188) French literature (1,989) French Revolution (370) hardcover (137) historical (213) historical fiction (802) history (313) Hugo (193) Kindle (267) literature (1,655) novel (980) own (213) Paris (454) poetry (443) poverty (121) read (338) revolution (161) Roman (317) romance (195) Romanticism (141) theatre (125) to-read (2,758) translation (235) unread (297) Victor Hugo (345) war (125)

Common Knowledge

Canonical name
Hugo, Victor
Legal name
Hugo, Victor-Marie
Birthdate
1802-02-26
Date of death
1885-05-22
Burial location
The Pantheon, Paris, France
Gender
male
Nationality
France
Birthplace
Besançon, France
Place of death
Paris, France
Cause of death
pneumonia
Places of residence
Madrid, Spain
Brussels, Belgium
Channel Islands, UK
Education
Lycée Louis-le-Grand, Paris, France
Occupations
novelist
playwright
poet
Relationships
Hugo, Adèle (wife)
D'Aunet, Leonie (lover)
Hugo, François-Victor (son)
Awards and honors
state funeral
Académie française (1841)
Short biography
Victor Marie Hugo (26 February 1802) – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement. During a literary career that spanned more than sixty years, he wrote abundantly in an exceptional variety of genres: lyrics, satires, epics, philosophical poems, epigrams, novels, history, critical essays, political speeches, funeral orations, diaries, letters public and private, and dramas in verse and prose.

Hugo is considered to be one of the greatest and best-known French writers. Outside France, his most famous works are the novels Les Misérables, 1862, and The Hunchback of Notre-Dame (French: Notre-Dame de Paris), 1831. In France, Hugo is renowned for his poetry collections, such as Les Contemplations (The Contemplations) and La Légende des siècles (The Legend of the Ages). Hugo was at the forefront of the Romantic literary movement with his play Cromwell and drama Hernani. Many of his works have inspired music, both during his lifetime and after his death, including the musicals Les Misérables and Notre-Dame de Paris. He produced more than 4,000 drawings in his lifetime, and campaigned for social causes such as the abolition of capital punishment.

Though a committed royalist when he was young, Hugo's views changed as the decades passed, and he became a passionate supporter of republicanism; his work touched upon most of the political and social issues and the artistic trends of his time. His opposition to absolutism and his colossal literary achievement established him as a national hero. He was honoured by interment in the Panthéon.

Members

Discussions

Best Les Miserables? in Folio Society Devotees (September 2023)
Best edition of Les Miserables? in Fine Press Forum (July 2023)
Les Miserables Translations in Easton Press Collectors (May 2023)
Pictures of Hunchback of Notre Dame DLE in Easton Press Collectors (July 2020)
Newly discovered Hunchback of Notre Dame DLEs in Easton Press Collectors (July 2020)
Group Read, March 2014: The Hunchback of Notre-Dame in 1001 Books to read before you die (April 2014)
1001 Group Read - February, 2013: Les Miserables in 1001 Books to read before you die (June 2013)
Toilers of the Sea Group Read in Author Theme Reads (February 2013)

Reviews

Gave it a good 50 pages or so, but it just didn't capture me. Even when Quasimodo finally appeared, I found the narration dull and without a clear purpose.
 
Flagged
Library_Guard | 179 other reviews | Jun 17, 2024 |
While this was all too frequently a tedious read, I am, on the whole, very glad I stuck with this novel. Hugo's witty humor and overall tone made even the most superfluous scenes moderately enjoyable, and the plot, once firmly established, proved to be rather gripping. The strongest aspects of this book, however, were the characters. Hugo's characters showcase the wide capacity for contradiction within human nature by being alternatively commendable and ignoble, pitiable and disdainful. Even when they have the best intentions, they are immensely and authentically flawed, making them exceptionally intriguing and occasionally loveable.… (more)
½
 
Flagged
AngelReadsThings | 179 other reviews | Jun 7, 2024 |
Hugo gives us Quasimodo, a deformed hunchback bellringers, Esmerelda, a kind-hearted gypsy, and evil Frollo. These characters are set against a backdrop of medieval Paris with its Gothic architecture. Hugo includes themes of prejudice and societal injustice.
 
Flagged
Tess_W | 179 other reviews | May 24, 2024 |
This book had been on my unread shelf for a really long time -- a decade! Out of curiosity and need for encouragement, I created a GoodReads poll asking which unread book (I named seven) should I read next, in 2024. Les Misérables received the most, with 1/3 of the votes.

Staying true to the results, I began reading Les Misérables on January 1, and also discovered and joined a Les Miz read-along via Instagram. Unfortunately, I did not utilize the read-along, and quickly my expedition became a read-alone. And unlike the group, I was reading an abridged version. Given the size of the abridged, I was not about to exchange it for the unabridged.

Before starting, I had limited knowledge of the plot and characters, which I had obtained over the years through various children's versions, musical theater, and the 25th Anniversary concert at the O2 Arena in London (which is awesome). Naturally, reading the abridged novel filled in missing information, connected relationships, and introduced me to countless new characters.

Usually, with a tome like this, I prefer to write about my reading experience, rather than give a long review since readers have either already read it and know everything there is to know, or readers have not read it and do not want to be exposed to spoilers. This post is about how I did not fan over Les Misérables, yet, why I gave it four stars anyway.

Firstly, I rated it four stars because I did value some of the background features about characters, history, and places, which demonstrated depth and thoroughness to detail. Obviously, this was an important work to Hugo, and he took great care to write this novel.

Secondly, Hugo touched on all the major emotional themes of humanity: injustice, poverty, misery, compassion, sacrifice, selflessness, grace, redemption, forgiveness, love, hope, mercy, empathy, and morality. Engaged readers may find themselves cheering for particular characters and burning with retribution for others.

And thirdly, a major part of Les Misérables displayed the good side of humankind, that which warms hearts and produces hope. Maybe it even inspires readers to do what is good and right.

But now about why I did not fan over this novel.

For one, I was not overall moved while reading this. I read through it, not lived through it. While I recognized the scope, weight, and worth of the novel, as explained above, personally, it was more of a three-star experience.

As I have explained, it was excessively drawn out in places, and while I have not complained about long and drawn out works in the past, lately I no longer have a desire to peruse a long book. Does anyone else feel this way too? I say lately because this is new with me, in these last few years. When I look at the remaining tomes on my unread shelf, I know I am avoiding them, partly because I am not interested in the commitment. I only made myself read Les Miz because it was time. Unfortunately, I endured through the extensive storytelling as unimportant and grumbled as it veered off in tangents that I did not care about.

Now, a second and more concerning matter is that the Christian gospel message seemed obscured. I know, I know! An author is not required to share the gospel message, but my pet peeve is when the gospel message is rescinded by or equated with doing good works. While some point to the bishop showing grace toward Jean Valjean as the moment he gave his life to Christ -- I understood this as the Bishop "bought [Valjean's] life for God," and it was not explicit that Valjean made the personal decision to get right with God because of what Christ did for him. The bishop gave Valjean a second chance, a challenge, to live for God from now on or, what appeared for the remainder of the story, to do good works indefinitely. But I do not recall a time when Valjean recognized his depravity and corruption, the pending wrath of God, his need for a Savior, then, his repentance, and finally, a turning to Christ as his Lord and Savior for what Jesus did on the cross.

I was a definitely exasperated by Valjean's excessive, obsessive, bizarre behavior to continuously do good and right, to the point where he was often in mental peril and conflict; this novel felt like another one of those that placed good works on the same plane as the Christian gospel. Maybe I missed the gospel spelled out, but all I remember is Valjean's continuous striving for doing good. Of course, in the end, he wins the prize, which was obvious. But let it not be because he did good. This would be false promotion.

Maybe I am being legalistic or grumpy (like Javert, the law follower). Valjean obeyed the law of Christ moreso, to love one's neighbor as himself. He sacrificed for others and put others above himself. That is not arguable. Nonetheless, I was uncomfortable to think that maybe Hugo was making him a representation of Christ because of his ongoing sacrificial works. If Hugo meant to exploit good works and overshadow the reason we need the gospel message of Christ's sacrifice, then I am struggling with the story. But if I missed the clear gospel message that we are not good and therefore need a Savior, and that our good works are not to earn salvation but out of our graciousness for what Christ did for us, then I stand corrected.

And that is really all I have to say about it. I probably will never read it again. However, I will always watch the 25th Anniversary Concert at the O2 Arena, over and over again, because if nothing else, Les Misérables makes an poignant musical.

* * *
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GRLopez | 334 other reviews | May 2, 2024 |

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