Anna Langfus, née Szternfinkiel, was born to a prosperous Polish-Jewish family. At age 15, she published her first stories in a literary journal. She attended the state secondary school of the Union of Lublin. In 1938, she married Jakub Rajs, a friend, and went with him to Belgium to study at the High School of Textile Industry. They returned to Poland for a vacation, at which time the country was invaded by Germany and World War II began. Anna's parents died or were sent to a concentration camp. Anna and Jakub escaped to Warsaw and joined the resistance movement. Anna was captured and imprisoned in Nowy Dwor Mazowiecki, where Jakub was executed. Anna was later sent to the political prison of Plock, where she remained until the end of the war. She returned to Lublin after the war but was too unhappy, and moved to France, where she taught mathematics at a Jewish orphanage near Paris. She attended an acting course and wrote reviews for a Jewish magazine. In 1948, she married Aron Langfus, another Polish émigré. Their daughter Maria was born the same year. Anna Langfus began writing in French in the 1950s. Her first play was Les Lepreux (The Lepers), written in 1952 and performed in 1956, but never published. She then turned to prose and wrote a three powerful novels dealing with the experience of war, destruction and loss after the Holocaust, weaving autobiographical material with fiction. Le Sel et le Soufre (Salt and Suffering, 1960) retraces the war years in Poland, the destruction of the Lublin ghetto and the eradication of the protagonists’ comfortable middle-class family. Les bagages de sable (Bags of Sand, 1962) won Anna Langfus the prestigious Prix Goncourt. Saute, Barbara (Jump, Barbara, 1965), the last of her novels, was set in France. Anna Langfus also wrote ten dramas, including theatrical and radio-plays, and several short stories.