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C. S. Lewis (1898–1963)

Author of The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe

594+ Works 452,602 Members 4,518 Reviews 1,470 Favorited
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About the Author

C. S. (Clive Staples) Lewis, "Jack" to his intimates, was born on November 29, 1898 in Belfast, Ireland. His mother died when he was 10 years old and his lawyer father allowed Lewis and his brother Warren extensive freedom. The pair were extremely close and they took full advantage of this freedom, show more learning on their own and frequently enjoying games of make-believe. These early activities led to Lewis's lifelong attraction to fantasy and mythology, often reflected in his writing. He enjoyed writing about, and reading, literature of the past, publishing such works as the award-winning The Allegory of Love (1936), about the period of history known as the Middle Ages. Although at one time Lewis considered himself an atheist, he soon became fascinated with religion. He is probably best known for his books for young adults, such as his Chronicles of Narnia series. This fantasy series, as well as such works as The Screwtape Letters (a collection of letters written by the devil), is typical of the author's interest in mixing religion and mythology, evident in both his fictional works and nonfiction articles. Lewis served with the Somerset Light Infantry in World War I; for nearly 30 years he served as Fellow and tutor of Magdalen College at Oxford University. Later, he became Professor of Medieval and Renaissance English at Cambridge University. C.S. Lewis married late in life, in 1957, and his wife, writer Joy Davidman, died of cancer in 1960. He remained at Cambridge until his death on November 22, 1963. (Bowker Author Biography) show less
Disambiguation Notice:

C. S. Lewis first published A Grief Observed under the alias "N. W. Clerk". Don't separate that name, unless there will ever be an author called N. W. Clerk turning up.


Works by C. S. Lewis

The Chronicles of Narnia (1950) 36,101 copies
The Magician's Nephew (1955) 29,652 copies
Prince Caspian (1951) 26,769 copies
Mere Christianity (1952) 26,486 copies
The Horse and His Boy (1954) 25,824 copies
The Voyage of the Dawn Treader (1952) 25,701 copies
The Silver Chair (1953) 24,195 copies
The Last Battle (1956) 23,525 copies
The Great Divorce (1944) 11,904 copies
Out of the Silent Planet (1938) 11,109 copies
The Problem of Pain (1940) 9,083 copies
Perelandra (1943) 8,875 copies
A Grief Observed (1961) 8,614 copies
That Hideous Strength (1945) 8,354 copies
The Four Loves (1960) 8,102 copies
The Screwtape Letters (1941) 7,940 copies
The Abolition of Man (1944) 6,666 copies
Miracles (1947) 6,245 copies
Reflections on the Psalms (1961) 3,349 copies
The Weight of Glory (1980) 3,220 copies
The Space Trilogy (1938) 2,956 copies
The World's Last Night (1973) 1,269 copies
Christian Reflections (1967) 1,259 copies
An Experiment in Criticism (1961) 1,208 copies
The Case for Christianity (1942) 1,028 copies
Letters to an American Lady (1777) 953 copies
The Allegory of Love (1936) 897 copies
George Macdonald: An Anthology (1946) — Editor; Composer — 867 copies
A Preface to Paradise Lost (1942) 856 copies
Poems (1964) 826 copies
The Business of Heaven (1984) 751 copies
Studies in Words (1960) 724 copies
The Essential C. S. Lewis (1988) 615 copies
Letters of C. S. Lewis (1966) 581 copies
A Mind Awake: An Anthology of C. S. Lewis (1968) — Author — 515 copies
Present Concerns (1986) 483 copies
Narrative Poems (1969) 417 copies
Christian Behaviour (1943) 313 copies
The Best of C.S. Lewis (1969) 296 copies
What Christians Believe (1989) 232 copies
C. S. Lewis on Joy (1998) 229 copies
C. S. Lewis on Grief (1998) 226 copies
C. S. Lewis on Faith (1998) 210 copies
C. S. Lewis on Love (1998) 202 copies
The Wisdom of Narnia (2001) 190 copies
The C. S. Lewis Bible (2010) 181 copies
Selected Literary Essays (1969) 165 copies
The Narnia Trivia Book (1999) 158 copies
Latin Letters of C.S. Lewis (1988) 146 copies
Compelling Reason (1996) 118 copies
First and Second Things (1971) 99 copies
Spenser's Images of Life (1967) 85 copies
Timeless at Heart (1987) 66 copies
Selected Books (1964) 61 copies
The Tortured Planet (1946) 59 copies
Mere Christianity Journal (2004) 53 copies
Arthurian Torso (1948) 30 copies
Daily Readings with C.S.Lewis (1992) — Author — 15 copies
The Last Battle [BBC Radio] (1998) 15 copies
Dymer: a poem (1926) 14 copies
The C.S. Lewis Journal (2006) 14 copies
Exploring Ethics (1992) 13 copies
Nach der Wahrheit fragen (1984) 8 copies
The Spirit of C. S. Lewis (1999) 7 copies
The chronicles of Narnia (2000) 7 copies
Met reden geloven (1983) 7 copies
Beyond the Bright Blur (1963) 7 copies
O Regresso do Peregrino (2018) 6 copies
Aspects of Faith (2013) 6 copies
The Search for God (2013) 6 copies
Philosophical Thoughts (2013) 6 copies
Ministering Angels (1955) 5 copies
Education and History (2013) 4 copies
The Death Penalty (1978) 4 copies
The Church (2013) 3 copies
Cartas sobre Narnia (1900) 3 copies
Viták és vallomások (1985) 3 copies
Learning in War-Time (2016) 3 copies
English and Literature (2013) 3 copies
Some Everyday Thoughts (2013) 3 copies
Prince Caspian 2 copies
Ewig währt am längsten (1998) 2 copies
The Inner Ring 2 copies
Prince Caspian 2 copies
Lewis new 2 copies
Être ou ne pas être (1948) 1 copy
Perelandra 1 copy
La amistad (2015) 1 copy
魔鬼家书 1 copy
Shihen o kangaeru. (2000) 1 copy
裸颜 1 copy
诗歌拮思 1 copy
Literature 1 copy
The trouble with X (1955) 1 copy
The Church 1 copy
Perelandra 1 copy
Anthology 1 copy
Vivisection 1 copy
Costly Grace 1 copy
La imagen descartada (2022) 1 copy
Short Stories (2013) 1 copy
Poetry 1 copy
Dokud nemáme tvář (2016) 1 copy
Les quatre amours (2019) 1 copy
On Faith 1 copy
Csodák 1 copy
Rejsen til Venus (1999) 1 copy
Four loves 1 copy

Associated Works

Sense and Sensibility (1811) — some editions — 38,439 copies
On the Incarnation: The Treatise De Incarnatione Verbi Dei (0319) — Introduction, some editions — 2,825 copies
Phantastes (1858) — Introduction, some editions — 2,377 copies
The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian [2008 film] (2008) — Original book — 955 copies
Poetry 180: A Turning Back to Poetry (2003) — Contributor — 775 copies
Letters to Young Churches: A Translation of the New Testament Epistles (1947) — Introduction, some editions — 773 copies
Watch for the Light: Readings for Advent and Christmas (2004) — Contributor — 766 copies
The Wizards of Odd: Comic Tales of Fantasy (1996) — Contributor — 636 copies
The Assassin's Cloak: An Anthology of the World's Greatest Diarists (2000) — Contributor, some editions — 555 copies
The Science Fiction Century (1997) — Contributor — 538 copies
The Flying Sorcerers: More Comic Tales of Fantasy (1997) — Contributor — 515 copies
The QPB Companion to The Lord of the Rings (2001) — Contributor — 366 copies
Fantasy Stories (1994) — Contributor — 326 copies
The Unicorn Treasury: Stories, Poems, and Unicorn Lore (1988) — Contributor — 260 copies
The Portable Conservative Reader (1982) — Contributor — 212 copies
Shadowlands [1993 film] (1993) — Oiginal book — 196 copies
The Fantastic Imagination (1977) — Contributor — 155 copies
The Best from Fantasy and Science Fiction: 9th Series (1961) — Contributor — 154 copies
Belief: Readings on the Reason for Faith (2010) — Contributor — 143 copies
The Best from Fantasy and Science Fiction: 6th Series (1957) — Contributor — 141 copies
The Young Magicians (1969) — Contributor — 140 copies
The Best from Fantasy and Science Fiction: 8th Series (1959) — Contributor — 138 copies
Spectrum 4 (1965) — Contributor — 117 copies
Poems (1958) — Contributor, some editions — 112 copies
The Magician's Nephew (Radio Theatre) (1999) — Original author — 101 copies
Easter Stories: Classic Tales for the Holy Season (1656) — Contributor — 77 copies
The Random House Book of Fantasy Stories (1963) — Contributor — 66 copies
Virgil: A Collection of Critical Essays (1966) — Contributor, some editions — 63 copies
Over the Rainbow Tales of Fantasy and Imagination (1983) — Contributor — 62 copies
Turning Points: Essays on the Art of Science Fiction (1977) — Contributor — 47 copies
Woman in the Church (1977) — Contributor — 44 copies
The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe [1979 animated film] (1979) — Original story — 40 copies
Science Fiction: A Collection of Critical Essays (1976) — Author — 37 copies
The Question of God [2004 TV] (2004) — Contributor — 26 copies
Essays on Malory (1963) — Contributor — 23 copies
Kingdoms of Sorcery: An Anthology of Adult Fantasy (1976) — Contributor — 21 copies
On Moral Medicine: Theological Perspectives in Medical Ethics (2012) — Contributor, some editions — 20 copies
Selections from Laȝamon's Brut (1963) — Introduction — 16 copies
The Wisdom of C.S. Lewis (1998) 15 copies
Rejser i tid og rum : en bog om science fiction (1973) — Author, some editions — 12 copies
Weirdies, Weirdies, Weirdies (1975) — Contributor — 12 copies
How Heathen is Britain? (1946) — Preface — 8 copies
Kipling and the Critics (1965) — Contributor — 6 copies
Chosen for Children (1957) — Contributor — 5 copies
Eglerio! In Praise of Tolkien (1978) — Contributor — 5 copies
BYU Studies - Vol. 09, No. 1 (Autumn 1968) (1968) — Contributor — 5 copies
The New Roger Caras Treasury of Great Horse Stories (1999) — Contributor — 3 copies


20th century (1,350) adventure (2,222) allegory (2,860) Apologetics (3,525) British (1,889) British literature (1,448) C.S. Lewis (8,922) children (3,182) children's (5,350) children's fiction (1,563) children's literature (2,721) Christian (5,462) Christian fiction (1,913) Christian living (2,257) Christianity (8,894) Chronicles of Narnia (3,090) classic (4,766) classics (5,211) essays (1,275) fantasy (30,159) fiction (27,701) Inklings (2,734) Lewis (2,309) literature (3,505) magic (1,749) Narnia (8,830) non-fiction (4,117) novel (2,850) own (1,819) philosophy (2,159) read (4,136) religion (7,896) romance (1,197) science fiction (5,192) series (3,435) spirituality (1,395) Theology (6,345) to-read (8,143) YA (1,540) young adult (2,905)

Common Knowledge

Canonical name
Lewis, C. S.
Legal name
Lewis, Clive Staples
Other names
Hamilton, Clive
Clerk, N. W.
Lewis, Jack
C.S. 路易斯
路益師 (show all 8)
C.S. 劉易斯
Date of death
Burial location
Holy Trinity Church, Headington, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, UK
Belfast, Ulster, Ireland
Place of death
Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, UK
Cause of death
Kidney failure
Places of residence
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, UK
Watford, Hertfordshire, England, UK
Malvern, Worcestershire, England, UK
University College, University of Oxford (BA|1922|BA|1923)
Wynyard School
Campbell College, Belfast
Cherbourg House Preparatory School
Malvern College
private tutors
short-story writer
literary critic
Lewis, W. H. (brother)
Davidman, Joy (wife|deceased)
Gresham, Douglas H. (stepson)
Wain, John Barrington (student)
Griffiths, Bede (student)
Barfield, Owen (friend) (show all 7)
Tolkien, J. R. R. (friend)
University of Oxford (Magdalen College)
University of Cambridge (Magdalene College)
British Army (WWI)
Awards and honors
Carnegie Medal (1957)
Sir Israel Gollancz Prize (1937)
Fellow, British Academy (1955)
Commander, Order of the British Empire (1951 - declined)
Short biography
Clive Staples Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963) was a British writer and lay theologian. He held academic positions in English literature at both Oxford University (Magdalen College, 1925–1954) and Cambridge University (Magdalene College, 1954–1963). He is best known for his works of fiction, especially The Screwtape Letters, The Chronicles of Narnia, and The Space Trilogy, and for his non-fiction Christian apologetics, such as Mere Christianity, Miracles, and The Problem of Pain.

Lewis and fellow novelist J. R. R. Tolkien were close friends. They both served on the English faculty at Oxford University and were active in the informal Oxford literary group known as the Inklings.[1] According to Lewis's memoir Surprised by Joy, he was baptised in the Church of Ireland, but fell away from his faith during adolescence. Lewis returned to Anglicanism at the age of 32, owing to the influence of Tolkien and other friends, and he became an "ordinary layman of the Church of England".[2] Lewis's faith profoundly affected his work, and his wartime radio broadcasts on the subject of Christianity brought him wide acclaim.

Lewis wrote more than 30 books[3] which have been translated into more than 30 languages and have sold millions of copies. The books that make up The Chronicles of Narnia have sold the most and have been popularised on stage, TV, radio, and cinema. His philosophical writings are widely cited by Christian apologists from many denominations.

In 1956, Lewis married American writer Joy Davidman; she died of cancer four years later at the age of 45. Lewis died on 22 November 1963 from kidney failure, one week before his 65th birthday. In 2013, on the 50th anniversary of his death, Lewis was honoured with a memorial in Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey.
Disambiguation notice
C. S. Lewis first published A Grief Observed under the alias "N. W. Clerk". Don't separate that name, unless there will ever be an author called N. W. Clerk turning up.



Fine Press Edition of Chronicles of Narnia? in Fine Press Forum (August 2023)
Reading That Hideous Strength in July in The Green Dragon (July 2020)
Reading Perelandra in June in The Green Dragon (July 2020)
Reading Out of the Silent Planet in May in The Green Dragon (June 2020)
Lewis Seminar in Friends of Jack (C.S. Lewis) (June 2017)
Mere Christianity in Friends of Jack (C.S. Lewis) (January 2017)
Letters to Malcom in Friends of Jack (C.S. Lewis) (December 2016)
The Four Loves in Friends of Jack (C.S. Lewis) (December 2016)
C. S. Lewis in Legacy Libraries (August 2015)
Favorite Narnia quotes in Book Quotations (December 2014)
50th anniversary of C. S. Lewis' death in Christianity (November 2013)
MAY READ - SPOILERS - Till We Have Faces in The Green Dragon (May 2013)
MAY READ - NO SPOILERS - Till We Have Faces in The Green Dragon (April 2013)
The Holy Spirit in Christianity (June 2012)
April 2012: C. S. Lewis in Monthly Author Reads (May 2012)
Tolkein and Lewis in Friends of Jack (C.S. Lewis) (January 2010)
Group Read - Til We Have Faces in 75 Books Challenge for 2009 (September 2009)
C S Lewis in Philosophy and Theory (January 2008)
Friends of Jack (C.S. Lewis) Message Board in Friends of Jack (C.S. Lewis) (March 2007)


In this adventure, Lucy, Edmund, Eustace, and Caspian set sail on the Dawn Treader. They are looking for the seven lords whom Caspian’s evil uncle had banished. In essence, they are sailing towards the end of the world, to Aslan’s country. It’s quite a story, filled with interesting and unusual characters, with a rather talkative mouse for comic relief. It’s not without danger or sadness, but somehow, things will work out. This installment is part three of this wonderful series, which just keeps getting better.… (more)
Maydacat | 259 other reviews | Jun 14, 2024 |
The Pevensie siblings find themselves back in Narnia, although they aren’t sure how they got back or why. It soon becomes apparent that they are there to help Prince Caspian claim his rightful place on the throne. His despicable uncle has killed Caspian’s father so he could be king, and now that he has an heir, he must also dispose of the Prince. Still only a child, Prince Caspian must fight not only for his throne but for his very life. The Pevensie children come to his aid, to thwart the uncle. This exciting tale is the second in the series. It introduces some new characters, and it also foretells of some things yet to come. It goes without saying that it is as well written as the first tale. The adventure continues!… (more)
Maydacat | 240 other reviews | Jun 9, 2024 |
The four Pevensie siblings, Peter, Susan, Edmund, and Lucy, go on a very unusual adventure, entering through a wardrobe into a unknown land. They enter Narnia, and meet a strange assortment of characters, including animals who can talk. The greatest is Aslan, the Great Lion, who rules Narnia, but has gone away. There has been a time of unrest, when an evil witch has cast a spell over the land, but with the appearance of the Pevensie children, all that is about to change. This adventure story is a wonderful tale for children as well for adults. The first in the series, it introduces the characters and the land of Narnia. This very well-written story is a classic that shouldn’t be missed.… (more)
Maydacat | 769 other reviews | Jun 9, 2024 |
Jack Lewis is often quoted as positing that children's literature is only good if it can be enjoyed by adults equally. I'd like to add a twist. Christian fiction (children's or adult) is only good if it can be enjoyed by non-Christians equally. Lewis is one of the few authors I still find enjoyable, even if I don't agree with his philosophy anymore. He was a master storyteller of which you no longer find within the hallowed halls of Western Religions.
IriDas | 18 other reviews | Jun 4, 2024 |


Robin (1)
1950s (9)
1960s (2)
1930s (2)
1970s (2)
1940s (2)


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