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Michel de Montaigne (1533–1592)

Author of Michel de Montaigne: The Complete Essays

559+ Works 13,045 Members 118 Reviews 104 Favorited

About the Author

Michel de Montaigne was born in Chateau de Montaigne, near Bordeaux, France, on February 28, 1533. He received his early education at the College de Guyenne in Bordeaux and studied law at Bordeaux and Toulouse, becoming a counselor of the Court des Aides of Perigueaux, the Bordeaux Parliament and, show more in 1561, at the court of Charles IX. In 1565, Montaigne married Francoise de la Chassaigne. They raised one daughter, with four other children dying in infancy. He lived the life as a country gentleman and traveled extensively through Switzerland, Germany, and Italy. Montaigne was a moderate Roman Catholic and an advocate of toleration, acting as an intermediary between Henry of Navarre and the court party. As a result, in 1588, he was arrested by members of the Protestant League and thrown into the Bastille for several hours. His work Essais established the essay as a new literary form and influenced both French and English writers; it was quoted by William Shakespeare and imitated by Francis Bacon. Michel de Montaigne died on September 13, 1592 at his chateau in France. (Bowker Author Biography) show less

Works by Michel de Montaigne

Michel de Montaigne: The Complete Essays (1580) 4,857 copies, 48 reviews
The Essays: A Selection (1580) 1,253 copies, 10 reviews
Essays (1958) 1,055 copies, 9 reviews
The Complete Works (1580) 939 copies, 4 reviews
On Friendship (2004) 570 copies, 9 reviews
Essays, Part 1/3 (1580) 535 copies, 6 reviews
Essays, Part 2/3 (1580) 340 copies, 3 reviews
Essays, Part 3/3 (1588) 340 copies, 3 reviews
Four Essays (1987) 260 copies, 2 reviews
Montaigne's Travel Journal (1974) 206 copies, 1 review
On Solitude (2010) 179 copies, 4 reviews
How We Weep and Laugh at the Same Thing (2015) 173 copies, 3 reviews
Oeuvres complètes (1934) 56 copies, 1 review
Les Essais (2007) 50 copies
Dizionariao Della Saggezza (1994) 34 copies
Essais (1933) 30 copies, 1 review
The Selected Essays of Montaigne (1959) 23 copies, 1 review
Essais (1998) 20 copies
De la vanité (1989) 20 copies
De l'expérience (1983) 16 copies, 1 review
I cannibali (2001) 14 copies, 1 review
Tutkielmia : valikoima (1990) 12 copies, 2 reviews
Esseitä (1999) 11 copies
Op dood of leven essays (1995) 10 copies
Sobre la amistad (2014) 10 copies
Essays (Part 1 of 2) (1927) 9 copies
De los libros [Próxima aparición] (2019) 8 copies, 1 review
Ensayos II (2014) 7 copies
Over de ervaring (2006) 7 copies
Saggi scelti (1982) 6 copies
A Book of Good Faith (1998) 6 copies, 1 review
De los libros (2019) 5 copies
Essayer 5 copies
Esseitä (1985) 5 copies
dai Saggi 5 copies
Selected essays 4 copies
Ensayos. Vol. II (1984) 4 copies
Montaigne 4 copies
Select Essays (2011) 4 copies
Montaigne - Os Pensadores (2004) 4 copies
Pensamientos (2011) 4 copies
Esseitä 4 copies
Sur l'education (1993) 4 copies
Over boeken (2016) 4 copies
Próby (2021) 3 copies
Pàgines escollides (2007) 3 copies
De la vanité (1992) 3 copies
Vriendschap is liefde (2015) 3 copies, 1 review
ESSAIS Livre 3 (1969) 3 copies
Essais pages Choisies (1972) 2 copies
Pages Choisies Des Essais (1935) 2 copies
Esseitä 2 copies
Gedachten 2 copies
LA VIE DES TRES BETES T01 (2011) 2 copies
ENSAIOS 2 copies
Saggi VOL I 2 copies
Les Essais (1976) 2 copies
Montaigne Denemeler (2013) 2 copies
Próby. T. 2 2 copies
Essays. B.1 (1998) 2 copies
Essais Tome 1 2 copies
Bütün Denemeler (2006) 2 copies
Ensayos. Vol. I (1984) 2 copies
Опыты 2 copies
Sur la mort d'un ami (1995) 2 copies
Lettres (1991) 2 copies
Denemeler 3. Cilt (2011) 2 copies
Tagebuch einer Badereise (1963) 2 copies
Denemeler 4. Cilt (2011) 2 copies
Selected Essays 2 copies
Om böcker 2 copies
Denemeler (cep Boy) (2010) 1 copy
Vivre à Propos (2009) 1 copy
Essais (III) 1 copy
Glorious Heights (2016) 1 copy
Essais Volume 4 (2012) 1 copy
Esseitä 1 copy
Zinspreuken 1 copy
Oeuvres Complètes (1975) 1 copy
Breviario 1 copy
Essais I 1 copy
HL' Iimmaginazione (2000) 1 copy
Essays 1 copy
Essays: Selections (2005) 1 copy
Four Plays 1 copy
Essays. Bog 3 (1998) 1 copy
Les Essais : Tome 1 (1965) 1 copy
Essai I 1 copy
Dei cannibali (2019) 1 copy
Les Essais : Livre 1 (2009) 1 copy
Montaigne I 1 copy
Les Essais: Livre I (2012) 1 copy
Arte del conversare (2015) 1 copy
Montaigne II 1 copy
Ensayos Selección (1973) 1 copy
De la experiencia (2004) 1 copy
Essais (Volume 2) (1969) 1 copy
ESSAIS T2 (2018) 1 copy
Essayet (2013) 1 copy
Montaigne. Breviario (1997) 1 copy
Ensaios. Volume I (2000) 1 copy
Essais, I 1 copy
Esseitä ; Montaigne 1 copy, 1 review
Esseitä 1 copy
Essays v. 2 (1973) 1 copy
L'etica dei piaceri (2016) 1 copy
LE PROMENOIR 1 copy
Próby tom I 1 copy
Esejas : izlase (2008) 1 copy
Esseitä 1 copy
Saggi Vol.2 1 copy
Die Essais 1 copy
Esseitä 1 copy
Sopravvivi all'amore (2018) 1 copy
Montaigne par lui meme (1951) 1 copy
Om böcker 1 copy
Favorite Essays (2009) 1 copy
Essays. B.2 (1998) 1 copy
Saggi, 1 1 copy
Saggi, 2 1 copy
How to Die 1 copy
eloge de l'animal (2009) 1 copy
Diari de viatge (2012) 1 copy
Próby. T. 5 1 copy
Próby. T. 4 1 copy
Próby. T. 1 1 copy
Assaigs breus (1900) 1 copy

Associated Works

The Art of the Personal Essay (1994) — Contributor — 1,385 copies, 9 reviews
The Politics of Obedience: The Discourse of Voluntary Servitude (1576) — Author, some editions — 639 copies, 10 reviews
The Literary Cat (1977) — Contributor — 240 copies
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (1996) — Author, some editions — 189 copies
The Utopia Reader (1999) — Contributor — 113 copies, 1 review
The Norton Book of Friendship (1991) — Contributor — 96 copies
Other Selves: Philosophers on Friendship (1991) — Contributor — 90 copies

Tagged

16th century (272) anthology (290) autobiography (40) cats (100) classic (107) classics (150) collection (43) ebook (43) essay (292) essays (1,883) fiction (119) Folio Society (44) France (228) French (306) French literature (439) Great Books (38) Harvard Classics (38) history (104) humanism (50) lesbian (57) literature (453) memoir (55) Michel de Montaigne (58) Montaigne (189) non-fiction (629) own (44) Penguin Classics (44) philosophy (1,527) poetry (54) politics (62) read (45) Renaissance (161) renaissance literature (42) short stories (43) skepticism (43) to-read (499) translation (78) travel (39) unread (62) writing (86)

Common Knowledge

Canonical name
Montaigne, Michel de
Legal name
Montaigne, Michel Eyquem, Seigneur de
Other names
Montaigne
Birthdate
1533-02-28
Date of death
1592-09-13
Burial location
Château de Montaigne
Church of Saint Antoine at Bordeaux
Musée Aquitaine, Faculté des Lettres, Université Bordeaux
Saint-Michel-de-Montaigne parish church (heart)
Gender
male
Nationality
France
Birthplace
Saint-Michel-de-Montaigne, France
Place of death
Saint-Michel-de-Montaigne, France
Places of residence
Perigord, France
Saint-Michel-de-Montaigne, France
Bordeaux, Gironde, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France
Education
Collège de Guyenne, Bordeaux, France
Occupations
essayist
philosopher
aristocrat
lawyer
mayor (of Bordeaux)
Relationships
La Boétie, Étienne de (friend)
Del Rio, Martin Antoine (cousin)
Gournay, Marie Le Jars de (protege)
Gontran de Poncins (descendant)
Short biography
Montaigne was one of the great humanists of the French Renaissance era and one of its most influential writers. He's best known for his essays, which not only made this literary genre more popular but also more interesting to the reader.

Montaigne grew up speaking Latin and reading Vergil, Ovid, and Horace on his own. At age 6, he was sent to boarding school, the Collège de Guyenne in Bordeaux. He may have studied law, but the school is unknown; his father purchased a law office for him in the Court of Périgueux. He met Etienne de La Boétie, with whom he formed a lifelong friendship. Montaigne retired at age 37 to his father's castle to write. He later received numerous honors from the court of King Charles IX, including the Order of Saint-Michel, and was named a Gentleman of the Ordinary Chamber. He was elected mayor of Bordeaux and served two terms in office.

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Discussions

Montaigne's Essays, one at a time. in 75 Books Challenge for 2011 (January 2012)

Reviews

 
Flagged
AnkaraLibrary | 47 other reviews | Feb 23, 2024 |
What an excellent little book! These four essays are very different, all written well over 400 years ago.

Certainly his essay 'On Cannibals, gives one food for thought, given Montaigne's respect for barbarous peoples, once one understands their motives. Are we so different, he asks?

Just over four small pages long, On Smells is fun. He posits that the best characteristic of our boy that we can hope for is that it smells of nothing.

The Art of Conversation has a special place in French culture. In parts fascinating and thought-provoking and from time to time one had to reflect on one's own ways. However, at some 48 of these small pages, it was rather too long, perhaps meandering and too erudite for this chump of a reader. Nevertheless, one might agree that "... the most fruitful and most natural exercise of our minds iis conversation.", and to read one essay in one's life on the topic is no bad thing!

I'll give Montaigne a thumbs up - or is it a thumbs down? - for his very short essay, on three little pages, entitled On Thumbs.
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Flagged
lestermay | 1 other review | Feb 7, 2024 |
Azért a XVI. században volt jó filozófusnak lenni. Nem kellett az embernek átrágnia magát Kanton, Hegelen, meg a rettentő Heideggeren, elég volt pár görögöt átnyálaznia, és máris leülhetett a kisasztalhoz, hogy agyszüleményeit papírra vesse. (Azért nem ártott mindemellett tartania pár cselédet, akik a mélyértelmű gondolatok kiformálása idején távol tartották tőle az olyan zavaró tényezőket, mint a főzés, a mosogatás vagy a gyerekek.) Mondjuk rögtön elnézést kell kérnem Montaigne-től, biztos kikérné magának, hogy filozófusnak neveztem, jobban tetszene neki az esszéista szó. Ő ugyanis az a fajta pacák, aki ki nem állhatja a csűrés-csavarást, a sumákolást és a mindent megbonyolító szómágiákat, akár az ügyvédek, akár a professzorok, akár az orvosok szájából kígyózik elő. Az ő életelve baromi egyszerű: semmit se nagyon, de amit igen, azt a lehető legjobban. Megveti azokat, akik dőzsölnek, a mindent maguknak akarókat, de a száraz, maguktól mindent megtagadókat egyenesen kineveti - el tudom képzelni, milyen elképedéssel nézne arra, aki szerint puffasztott rizsszelettel és zsírszegény joghurttal jól lehet lakni. "Mindenmentes", ettől a szóról meg egyszerűen frászt kapna. Az arany középút mestere ő, aki szerint az életet egyszerűen élni kell, örülni neki, amíg van, és könnyű szívvel elfogadni, ha egyszer véget ér. És mi van a bonyolultnak tűnő dolgokkal? Hát, "que sais-je", azaz: mit tudom én. Ennél bölcsebb filozófiai axiómát még nem találtak ki azóta sem, bár való igaz, akadtak, akik ugyanezt képesek voltak ezer oldalban kifejteni.

Üdítő volt olvasni, felemelő, léleksimogató. Pánik és paranoia ellen nagyon alkalmatos kis könyvecske olyan időkben, ahol a valós és képzelt veszélyek összemosódnak, és már az sem világos, hogy a dolgoktól félünk jobban, vagy a dolgoktól való félelemtől.
… (more)
 
Flagged
Kuszma | Jul 2, 2022 |

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John Florio Translator
Donald M. Frame Translator, Editor

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Works
559
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Rating
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Reviews
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ISBNs
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Languages
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Favorited
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