Ajit Mookerjee was born in Nalia, Faridpur, Bengal in 1915. He was a precocious scholar and earned his Masters Degrees at the ages of 22 and 25 respectively. At 22 he also received training in museology form the Victoria and Albert Museum and the Horseman Museum in London. Mookerjee published his first book "Folk Art of Bengal: A Study of an Art for, and of, the People" was published in 1939, when Mookerjee was 24 years old. During World War II, Mookerjee travelled extensively throughout India, Africa, and South America then began his work as the director of New Delhi's Crafts Museum. Much of Mookerjee's work focuses on Tantricism, and his first work "Tantra Art: Its Philosophy and Physics" was published in 1966. Mookerjee's personal collection of Tantric artifacts was among the finest ever assembled, and was the source of much of the content in his several books on the subject throughout the 70s and 80s.