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The son of a Lutheran pastor, Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was born in 1844 in Roecken, Prussia, and studied classical philology at the Universities of Bonn and Leipzig. While at Leipzig he read the works of Schopenhauer, which greatly impressed him. He also became a disciple of the composer Richard Wagner. At the very early age of 25, Nietzsche was appointed professor at the University of Basel in Switzerland. In 1870, during the Franco-Prussian War, Nietzsche served in the medical corps of the Prussian army. While treating soldiers he contracted diphtheria and dysentery; he was never physically healthy afterward. Nietzsche's first book, The Birth of Tragedy Out of the Spirit of Music (1872), was a radical reinterpretation of Greek art and culture from a Schopenhaurian and Wagnerian standpoint. By 1874 Nietzsche had to retire from his university post for reasons of health. He was diagnosed at this time with a serious nervous disorder. He lived the next 15 years on his small university pension, dividing his time between Italy and Switzerland and writing constantly. He is best known for the works he produced after 1880, especially The Gay Science (1882), Thus Spake Zarathustra (1883-85), Beyond Good and Evil (1886), On the Genealogy of Morals (1887), The Antichrist (1888), and Twilight of the Idols (1888). In January 1889, Nietzsche suffered a sudden mental collapse; he lived the last 10 years of his life in a condition of insanity. After his death, his sister published many of his papers under the title The Will to Power. Nietzsche was a radical questioner who often wrote polemically with deliberate obscurity, intending to perplex, shock, and offend his readers. He attacked the entire metaphysical tradition in Western philosophy, especially Christianity and Christian morality, which he thought had reached its final and most decadent form in modern scientific humanism, with its ideals of liberalism and democracy. It has become increasingly clear that his writings are among the deepest and most prescient sources we have for acquiring a philosophical understanding of the roots of 20th-century culture. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from Thus Spoke Zarathustra
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Thus Spoke Zarathustra (Author) 11,942 copies, 93 reviews
The Portable Nietzsche 3,100 copies, 7 reviews
The Gay Science (Author) 2,915 copies, 21 reviews
On the Genealogy of Morality (Author) 2,674 copies, 22 reviews
Basic Writings of Nietzsche 2,179 copies, 7 reviews
The Birth of Tragedy (Author) 2,168 copies, 23 reviews
On the Genealogy of Morals / Ecce Homo (Author) 2,155 copies, 4 reviews
The Antichrist (Author) 2,143 copies, 24 reviews
Twilight of the Idols / The Anti-Christ (Author) 1,885 copies, 10 reviews
Ecce Homo: How One Becomes What One Is (Author) 1,826 copies, 19 reviews
Human, All Too Human: A Book for Free Spirits (Author) 1,746 copies, 13 reviews
The Will to Power (Author) 1,282 copies, 5 reviews
The Birth of Tragedy / The Genealogy of Morals (Author) 1,050 copies, 6 reviews
Untimely Meditations 765 copies, 2 reviews
Why I Am So Wise 692 copies, 3 reviews
A Nietzsche Reader 682 copies, 2 reviews
The Will to Power (Author) 504 copies, 4 reviews
The Birth of Tragedy and Other Writings (Author) 356 copies, 1 review
Aphorisms On Love and Hate 184 copies, 7 reviews
On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense (Author) 111 copies, 1 review
Man Alone with Himself 107 copies, 1 review
Zarathustra's Discourses (Author) 97 copies
The Pre-Platonic Philosophers 87 copies, 1 review
My Sister and I 86 copies, 4 reviews
The Wanderer and His Shadow 85 copies, 1 review
Schopenhauer As Educator 82 copies, 2 reviews
Dionysos-Dithyramben 80 copies, 3 reviews
Gedichte 78 copies
The Case of Wagner 62 copies, 1 review
Friedrich Nietzsche 54 copies, 1 review
Aforismos 53 copies, 1 review
Oeuvres 50 copies, 1 review
Ecce Homo / Antichrist (Author) 48 copies
Le livre du philosophe (Author) 27 copies, 1 review
We Philologists 22 copies
Os Pensadores: Nietzsche 18 copies, 1 review
Werke, 3 Bde. 17 copies
Nietzsche I (Spanish Edition) 17 copies, 1 review
Nietzsche-Brevier 15 copies, 1 review
Scritti su Wagner 15 copies, 1 review
Uit mijn leven 12 copies
Nietzsche 11 copies
Opere 1870-1881 11 copies
Uber Die Frauen 10 copies
Werke II 9 copies
Fragments et aphorismes 8 copies, 1 review
Ideas fuertes 8 copies
Werke: 6 Bde. 7 copies
Werke 6 copies
Werke IV 6 copies
Correspondencia 4 copies, 1 review
Nietzsche 4 copies
Alemania (Contributor) 2 copies
Intempestive 2 copies
La gaya ciencia (Author) 2 copies
Werke. Bd. 1 2 copies
Vi frygtløse 2 copies
Carteggio 2 copies, 1 review
Vie et verite 2 copies
Guc Istenci 2 copies
Nietzsche 1 copy
When Nietzsche Wept (Contributor) 2,082 copies, 50 reviews
The European Philosophers from Descartes to Nietzsche (Contributor) 389 copies, 3 reviews
Critical Theory Since Plato (Contributor, some editions) 369 copies, 1 review
Dracula (Case Studies in Contemporary Criticism) (Contributor) 249 copies, 1 review
Atheism: A Reader (Contributor) 173 copies, 3 reviews
Man and Spirit: The Speculative Philosophers (Contributor) 162 copies, 1 review
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (Author, some editions) 158 copies
Deutsche Gedichte (Contributor, some editions) 130 copies, 1 review
God (Hackett Readings in Philosophy) (Contributor, some editions) 51 copies

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