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George Orwell (1903–1950)

Author of 1984

335+ Works 189,537 Members 2,926 Reviews 954 Favorited
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About the Author

George Orwell was born Eric Arthur Blair on June 25, 1903 in Motihari in Bengal, India and later studied at Eton College for four years. He was an assistant superintendent with the Indian Imperial Police in Burma. He left that position after five years and moved to Paris, where he wrote his first show more two books: Burmese Days and Down and Out in Paris and London. He then moved to Spain to write but decided to join the United Workers Marxist Party Militia. After being decidedly opposed to communism, he served in the British Home Guard and with the Indian Service of the BBC during World War II. After the war, he wrote for the Observer and was literary editor for the Tribune. His best known works are Animal Farm and 1984. His other works include A Clergyman's Daughter, Keep the Aspidistra Flying, The Road to Wigan Pier, Homage to Catalonia, and Coming Up for Air. He died on January 21, 1950 at the age of 46. (Bowker Author Biography) show less
Disambiguation Notice:

George Orwell is the pen name used by Eric Arthur Blair.

Do NOT combine this page with "Orwell". There are other authors who share that surname. Thank you.

Image credit: George Orwell

Series

Works by George Orwell

1984 (1949) 81,262 copies
Animal Farm (1945) — Author — 59,453 copies
Homage to Catalonia (1938) 6,129 copies
Burmese Days (1934) 3,686 copies
Animal Farm / 1984 (2003) 3,558 copies
The Road to Wigan Pier (1937) 3,444 copies
Keep the Aspidistra Flying (1936) 2,927 copies
Coming Up for Air (1939) 2,138 copies
Why I Write (1946) 1,851 copies
A Collection of Essays (1946) 1,497 copies
A Clergyman's Daughter (1935) 1,238 copies
Inside the Whale and Other Essays (1940) — Author — 790 copies
Essays (2000) 727 copies
Books v. Cigarettes (2008) 630 copies
Essays (Penguin) (1984) 486 copies
All Art Is Propaganda (2008) 426 copies
Facing Unpleasant Facts (1999) 296 copies
Diaries (2009) 252 copies
Notes on Nationalism (1945) 208 copies
1984 [Penguin Readers] (1800) 149 copies
The War Commentaries (1985) 113 copies
Orwell on Truth (2017) 105 copies
Orwell: The Lost Writings (1985) 104 copies
Such, Such Were the Joys (1953) 88 copies
Dickens, Dali and Others (1946) 76 copies
The War Broadcasts (1985) 73 copies
Orwell: The Observer Years (2003) 56 copies
England Your England (2017) 49 copies
Selected Works (1933) 48 copies
Selected Writings (1958) 41 copies
The English People (1947) 38 copies
Fifty Orwell Essays (1946) 33 copies
Critical Essays (1946) 33 copies
Romanzi e saggi (2000) 28 copies
England Your England and Other Essays (1941) — Author — 25 copies
Dagboeken 1931-1949 (2014) 22 copies
Funny, But Not Vulgar (1998) 20 copies
Rache ist sauer (2003) 20 copies
Orwell on Freedom (2018) 20 copies
1984 [1956 film] — Author — 19 copies
Denken mit George Orwell. (1991) 15 copies
Over nationalisme (2023) 14 copies
Œuvres (2020) 11 copies
Narrative Essays (2009) 10 copies
Classic George Orwell (2011) 10 copies
Una buena taza de té (1985) 9 copies
A Hanging (2021) 9 copies
Literatura & Política (2006) 9 copies
Meistererzählungen. (2003) 8 copies
Memorie di un libraio (2021) 5 copies
How the poor die (Now) (2021) 5 copies
Über George Orwell. (1984) 5 copies
1984 : el manga (1900) 5 copies
The Collected Non-Fiction (2017) 5 copies
1984 em quadrinhos (2021) 4 copies
Animal farm 3 copies
1984 3 copies
Anglicy i inne eseje (2013) 3 copies
Reflections on Ghandi (2014) 3 copies
Why I Write - Essay (2013) 3 copies
Nineteen Eighty-Four (2021) 2 copies
Over waarheid (2021) 2 copies
Il Cartavolante 6 - 1984 (2021) 2 copies
Los desplazados 2 copies
Nittenåttifire (2016) 2 copies
Verità/menzogna (2018) 2 copies
I ślepy by dostrzegł (1990) 2 copies
Notes on Dali 2 copies
Skotnyy dvor. Esse (2014) 2 copies
1984 UA (2022) 1 copy
Animal Farm: Literature Guidelines (1989) — Author — 1 copy
Glotnut vozdukha (2023) 1 copy
Niech zyje aspidistra! (2022) 1 copy
W holdzie Katalonii (2021) 1 copy
1984 (2020) 1 copy
"New Words" 1 copy
1985 1 copy
1984 (Dramatized) (2011) 1 copy
Hor napl 1 copy
Kitchener 1 copy
Eseje : [(wybór)] (1985) 1 copy
I capolavori (2021) 1 copy
My Sin 1 copy
Moja wojna 1 copy
Fifty Essential Essays (2014) 1 copy
Faþizm Kehanetleri (2016) 1 copy
Obra selecta 1 copy
Apie tiesą (2019) 1 copy
Romanzi 1 copy

Associated Works

The Art of the Personal Essay (1994) — Contributor — 1,371 copies
The Penguin Book of War (1999) — Contributor — 450 copies
Literature: The Human Experience (2006) — Contributor — 338 copies
The 40s: The Story of a Decade (2014) — Contributor — 275 copies
1984: The Graphic Novel (2020) — Contributor — 242 copies
Animal Farm: The Graphic Novel (2018) — Contributor — 215 copies
Eight Modern Essayists (1980) — some editions — 177 copies
The Norton Book of Personal Essays (1997) — Contributor — 142 copies
Love of Life and Other Stories (1907) — Introduction, some editions — 131 copies
The Anarchist Reader (1977) — Author, some editions — 124 copies
The Utopia Reader (1999) — Contributor — 111 copies
The Mammoth Book of True War Stories (1992) — Contributor — 87 copies
1984 - George Orwell (SparkNotes) (2002) — Associated Name — 65 copies
The Grim Reader: Writings on Death, Dying, and Living On (1997) — Contributor — 60 copies
George Orwell's 1984: A Play (1963) — Original story — 58 copies
Animal Farm [1954 film] (1954) — Original book — 56 copies
What’s Language Got to Do with It? (2005) — Contributor — 51 copies
1984 (2013) — Original novel — 45 copies
The Penguin Book of Spanish Civil War Verse (1980) — Contributor — 42 copies
The Play of George Orwell's Animal Farm (1888) — Original book — 38 copies
Partisan Review (1998) — Contributor, some editions — 33 copies
The Penguin Book of Twentieth-Century Protest (1998) — Contributor — 31 copies
A Book of Essays (1963) — Contributor — 26 copies
Trial and Error: An Oxford Anthology of Legal Stories (1998) — Contributor — 24 copies
Graham Greene: A Collection of Critical Essays (1973) — Contributor — 24 copies
Classic Essays in English (1961) — Contributor — 22 copies
La ferme des animaux (1985) 11 copies
Homenatge a Catalunya (2019) — original author — 11 copies
Utopie Eindexamencahier Havo vanaf 2007 (2006) — Contributor — 11 copies
Animal Farm (play) (2005) — Original book — 10 copies
England forteller : britiske og irske noveller (1970) — Contributor — 9 copies
Writer to Writer: Readings on the Craft of Writing (1966) — Contributor — 8 copies
British and American Essays, 1905-1956 (1959) — Contributor — 7 copies
Kipling and the Critics (1965) — Contributor — 6 copies
Other Nations: Animals in Modern Literature (2010) — Contributor — 3 copies
Let Us Be Men (1969) — Contributor — 3 copies
1984: Royal Opera Covent Garden [2006 film] (2008) — Original book — 2 copies
Horizon 21 (September 1941) — Contributor — 2 copies

Tagged

20th century (1,608) allegory (944) animals (550) autobiography (444) big brother (733) British (1,022) British literature (1,212) classic (3,743) classics (3,572) communism (1,124) dystopia (4,627) dystopian (1,195) ebook (502) England (731) English (761) English literature (1,425) essays (2,307) fantasy (572) fiction (13,484) George Orwell (892) goodreads (482) history (1,093) journalism (483) literature (3,021) memoir (734) non-fiction (2,007) novel (2,188) Orwell (1,211) own (582) political (559) politics (2,954) read (2,253) satire (1,673) science fiction (4,315) social commentary (478) socialism (564) Spain (446) Spanish Civil War (511) to-read (4,924) totalitarianism (1,250)

Common Knowledge

Members

Discussions

Artist wants copies of 1984 in Book talk (January 8)
St. James Park Press - forthcoming 1984 edition. in Fine Press Forum (December 27, 2023)
Group Read, August 2021: Burmese Days in 1001 Books to read before you die (May 2022)
Bokcirkel om Orwells 1984 i mars in Swedish Thing (April 2022)
November 2021: George Orwell in Monthly Author Reads (December 2021)
New Suntup 1984 in Fine Press Forum (April 2021)

Reviews

4.5 but i'll round up!
i last read this in high school, so it has been a while. i appreciated it much more this time around because i'm no longer 16 years old.
 
Flagged
gojosatoru98 | 1,263 other reviews | Mar 1, 2024 |
This is a book as old as I am (1949). It’s one of the many important books that I had not read but felt I should have read, although there are aspects of it that I’ve managed to vaguely absorb (big brother, newspeak).

I found this novel repellent, with Winston an unattractive protagonist. The skin-deep love story in a dystopian world of institutionalised torture and disappearance is neither sexy nor enticing. There is an underlying sado-masochistic delight that I found distasteful. Winston’s attraction to Julia arises from sadistic fantasy and his submission to O’Brien’s sadistic torture has a masochistic inevitability to it. As O’Brien himself says,
We know that no one ever seizes power with the intention of relinquishing it. Power is not a means, it is an end. One does not establish a dictatorship in order to safeguard a revolution; one makes a revolution in order to establish a dictatorship. The object of persecution is persecution. The object of torture is torture. The object of power is power. (p. 276)

Predictive novels are usually more about the present than the future and Nineteen Eighty-Four is no exception. So, it is not surprising that 1984 has been and gone without realisation, Mind you, Trump’s alternative facts or his method of fabricating fact-through-assertion and Xiang Ping’s reinvention of the Party in China make one wonder.

The emphasis Orwell places on control of language is most detailed in the Appendix but it’s also curiously unconvincing. Is this because language is a wilder beast than institutions are capable of controlling? Nevertheless, the way such insidious terms like human resources, efficiency dividend, let him go, have entered the language, point to more subtle mechanisms of control.

I found this book deeply flawed and unpleasant to read.
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simonpockley | 1,263 other reviews | Feb 25, 2024 |
Near the end of this novella length essay, Orwell writes that anyone who loves Dickens and has read this essay is probably now angry at him - Orwell, that is. Orwell has spent the essay incisively demonstrating how Dickens's biases, biographical and ideological, shaped his literary output. Sympathizing with the poor, yet alienated from both industrial and agricultural labor as a member of the rising urban bourgeoisie, Dickens doggedly attacked institutional cruelties of his day yet had no alternative societal vision besides that men should act better towards one another. He was a moralizer par excellence, but lacked imaginative vision and thus had no comprehension of how progressive societal change could fundamentally alter that which he found so distasteful. In addition he feared mass popular action and associated it with the savage cruelty of the ill-educated mob.

Thus we see why both conservatives and progressives have found strands in Dickens to steal from.

I'm prepared to admit the case, and bear Orwell no ill feeling for arguing it so well. Dickens certainly had weaknesses, but his literary strengths... my goodness, those strengths. The man wrote a beautiful page with a mastery of language and phrase, and Orwell is prepared to acknowledge such. For me Dickens's glittering language strengths (usually) easily counteract his problematic aspects in plot, character and vision.
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lelandleslie | 1 other review | Feb 24, 2024 |

Lists

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Books (1)
scav (2)
Read (2)
1940s (2)
1930s (6)
2014 (1)
Daria (2)

Awards

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Associated Authors

Ian Angus Editor
William Templeton Screenwriter
Fritz Senn Editor
Peter Hobley Davison Editor, Introduction, Foreword
Bernard Crick Introduction, Contributor
W. J. West Editor, Composer
John Carey Editor, Introduction
Kurt Vonnegut Contributor
Ariel Dorfman Contributor
Margaret Atwood Contributor
Michael Kort Contributor
Daphne Du Maurier Contributor
Osip Mandelstam Contributor
Richard Bradford Introduction
D. J. Taylor Foreword
Anssi Halmesvirta Suomentaja ja toimittaja
Tuomas Laine-Frigren Suomentaja ja toimittaja
Humphrey Sutton Cover photograph
Peter Noble Narrator
Michael Walter Translator
Ben Pimlott Introduction
Anna Lea Adaptor (for audiobook)
Thomas Warburton Translator
Oiva Talvitie Translator
Aldo Chiaruttini Contributor
Halbo C. Kool Translator
Simon Prebble Narrator
Wil Verhoeven Afterword
Kurt Wagenseil Translator
Nils Holmberg Translator
Erez Volk Translator
Tinke Davids Translator
Gabriele Baldini Translator
Christopher Corr Cover artist
Jan Strümpel Translator
Peter Vos Illustrator
Erich Fromm Afterword
Lothar Reher Cover designer
Anthony Ross Translator
Jan Wahlén Translator
Ralph Cosham Narrator
Guido Bulla Translator
Bruno Tasso Translator
Panu Pekkanen Translator
Tom Cotton Translator
Gerald Tucker Translator
Heike Holtsch Translator
Quentin Blake Illustrator
Joy Batchelor Illustrator
Malcolm Muggeridge Introduction
John Halas Illustrator
Joan Miro Cover artist
Joseph Low Cover artist
Ralph Steadman Illustrator
Rafael Abella Translator
Ton Heuvelmans Afterword
Malcolm Bradbury Introduction
Jean Quéval Translator
Suzon Gueillet Illustrator
C. M. Woodhouse Introduction
N. O. Scarpi Translator
小野寺 健 Translator
Lionel Trilling Introduction, Narrator
John Goldblatt Cover photograph
Liz Demeter Cover designer
Bill Brandt Cover artist
Joop Waasdorp Translator
Jukka Kemppinen Translator
Bob Edwards Introduction
Julian Symons Introduction
Luis Romero Foreword
Carlos Pujol Translator
Aad Nuis Translator
Joni Kärki Translator
Richard Rees Afterword
Emma Larkin Introduction
Alex Jennings Narrator
Richard Hoggart Introduction
Denis Piper Cover artist
Else Hoog Translator
川端 康雄 Editor, Translator
Gerrit Komrij Translator
Hulton Getty Cover artist
Aglika Markova Translator
David Pearson Cover artist
小野 協一 Translator
河合 秀和 Translator
Jeremy Paxman Introduction
井上 摩耶子 Translator
Tina Richter Translator
Richard H. Rovere Introduction
Michael Foot Introduction
Walter Falke Translator
W. E. Butler Introduction

Statistics

Works
335
Also by
48
Members
189,537
Popularity
#25
Rating
4.1
Reviews
2,926
ISBNs
2,858
Languages
50
Favorited
954

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