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Plutarch

Author of Plutarch's Lives

1,366+ Works 22,686 Members 188 Reviews 20 Favorited

About the Author

PLUTARCH. c.46--c.125 Considered by many to be the most important Greek writer of the early Roman period, Plutarch was a member of a well-to-do Greek family, a chief magistrate, a priest at Delphi, and an exceptionally well-read individual. His philosophical views were based on those of Plato and, show more although a Greek, he esteemed the achievements and attributes of the Romans. By the time Plutarch's works were published for the first time in the eleventh century, some had already been lost. He wrote innumerable essays on philosophical, historical, political, religious, and literary subjects, 78 of which survive today and are known collectively as the "Moralia." He is known primarily, however, for his Parallel Lives of Greeks and Romans, which consists of 50 biographies---23 of prominent Greeks, 23 of Roman leaders, and 4 separate lives---accompanied at intervals by short comparative essays. Although historical information is included in the work, Plutarch wrote it originally to inspire emulation in youth, so the emphasis is on character, moral choice, and anecdote. Sir Thomas North's 1579 translation into English of Parallel Lives became an important source for William Shakespeare which he used for three plays, Julius Caesar, Antony and Cleopatra, and Coriolanus. (Bowker Author Biography) show less
Image credit: Plutarch at Chaeronia, Greece

Series

Works by Plutarch

Plutarch's Lives (0100) 2,443 copies
The Age of Alexander (0120) 838 copies
Greek Lives (1959) 641 copies
On Sparta (Penguin Classics) (1988) 522 copies
Moralia (1676) 388 copies
Plutarch’s Lives (2015) 276 copies
Essays (1992) 254 copies
Lives of the Noble Romans (0100) 224 copies
Cleopatra [1963 film] (1963) — Writer — 201 copies
Plutarch’s Morals. (2009) 175 copies
Selected Lives (1982) — Author — 139 copies
Plutarch: Moralia, Volume I (1927) 104 copies
Plutarch: Moralia, Volume II (1928) 102 copies
Twelve Lives (1950) 74 copies
In Consolation to His Wife (2008) 64 copies
Rome in Crisis (2010) 60 copies
The Rise of Rome (2013) 57 copies
Lives (2010) 57 copies
Plutarch: Moralia, Volume X (1936) 55 copies
Il fato e la superstizione (1993) 52 copies
De Iside et Osiride (English) (1924) — Author — 45 copies
Sull'amore (1958) 44 copies
Isis and Osiris (1970) 40 copies
Demostene: Cicerone (1994) 34 copies
Moral Essays (Classics) (1971) 32 copies
De superstitione (English) (1980) — Author — 31 copies
Aquane an ignis sit utilior (English) (2008) — Author — 29 copies
Vidas paralelas I (1985) 29 copies
De curiositate (Greek) (2016) — Author — 29 copies
De exilio (Greek) (2009) — Author — 27 copies
Vita di Cesare (1994) 24 copies
Comment écouter (1995) 21 copies
Vies parallèles I (1964) 21 copies
Vitae decem oratorum (English) — Author — 21 copies
Consigli ai politici (2007) 20 copies
Politics, book 1 (1946) 19 copies
Beroemde Grieken (2007) 18 copies
Plutarch (2012) 17 copies
Vidas paralelas. Tomo II (1996) 16 copies
De garrulitate (English) — Author — 16 copies
De gloria Atheniensium (English) (1985) — Author — 16 copies
De fraterno amore (English) — Author — 16 copies
De fortuna Romanorum (English) — Author — 16 copies
Vite parallele. Pericle e Fabio Massimo (2007) — Author — 16 copies
De esu carnium II (English) — Author — 15 copies
De E apud Delphos (English) — Author — 15 copies
Consolatio ad Apollonium (English) — Author — 15 copies
De recta ratione audiendi (English) — Author — 15 copies
De primo frigido (Greek) — Author — 15 copies
Theseus (English) (2013) — Author — 15 copies
De esu carnium I (English) — Author — 15 copies
De amicorum multitudine (English) — Author — 15 copies
De Pythiae oraculis (English) — Author — 15 copies
De defectu oraculorum (English) — Author — 15 copies
Lacaenarum Apophthegmata (Greek) — Author — 15 copies
Instituta Laconica (Greek) — Author — 15 copies
De fortuna (English) — Author — 14 copies
De virtute morali (Greek) — Author — 14 copies
De tranquilitate animi (Greek) — Author — 14 copies
Parallela minora (Greek) — Author — 14 copies
De amore prolis (Greek) — Author — 14 copies
Bruta animalia ratione uti (English) — Author — 14 copies
Mulierum virtutes (Greek) — Author — 14 copies
Apophthegmata Laconica (Greek) — Author — 14 copies
De cohibenda ira (Greek) — Author — 14 copies
Amatoriae narrationes (English) — Author — 14 copies
De virtute et vitio (English) — Author — 14 copies
De virtute morali (English) — Author — 14 copies
De genio Socratis (English) — Author — 14 copies
De fato (English) — Author — 14 copies
De cupiditate divitiarum (English) — Author — 14 copies
De amore prolis (English) — Author — 14 copies
Ad principem ineruditum (English) (2012) — Author — 14 copies
De tranquilitate animi (English) — Author — 14 copies
De cohibenda ira (English) — Author — 14 copies
De vitando aere alieno (English) — Author — 14 copies
Parallela minora (English) (2008) — Author — 14 copies
Mulierum virtutes (English) — Author — 14 copies
Apophthegmata Laconica (English) — Author — 14 copies
Consolatio ad uxorem (English) — Author — 14 copies
De tuenda sanitate praecepta (English) — Author — 14 copies
Conjugalia Praecepta (English) — Author — 14 copies
Vidas paralelas III (2007) 13 copies
Bruta animalia ratione uti (Greek) — Author — 13 copies
Quaestiones Graecae (English) — Author — 13 copies
Quaestiones Romanae (English) — Author — 13 copies
Amatorius (Greek) — Author — 13 copies
Amatoriae narrationes (Greek) — Author — 13 copies
Pericles (2005) 13 copies
De vitando aere alieno (Greek) — Author — 13 copies
De Stoicorum repugnantiis (Greek) — Author — 13 copies
L' arte di saper ascoltare (2010) 13 copies
De vitioso pudore (English) — Author — 13 copies
De sera numinis vindicta (Greek) — Author — 13 copies
De vitioso pudore (Greek) — Author — 13 copies
De Stoicorum repugnantiis (English) — Author — 13 copies
Amatorius (English) — Author — 13 copies
De sera numinis vindicta (English) — Author — 13 copies
De fato (Greek) — Author — 12 copies
Consolatio ad uxorem (Greek) — Author — 12 copies
De genio Socratis (Greek) — Author — 12 copies
De Herodoti malignitate (Greek) — Author — 12 copies
De cupiditate divitiarum (Greek) — Editor — 12 copies
Life of Themistocles (1998) 12 copies
Ad principem ineruditum (Greek) — Author — 12 copies
De esu carnium I (Greek) — Author — 12 copies
La vita di Solone (1986) 12 copies
Sertorio (1986) 12 copies
Adversus Colotem (English) — Author — 12 copies
De primo frigido (English) — Author — 12 copies
De Herodoti malignitate (English) — Author — 12 copies
Septem sapientium convivium (English) — Author — 12 copies
De esu carnium II (Greek) — Author — 12 copies
La serenità interiore (1995) 12 copies
Adversus Colotem (Greek) — Author — 12 copies
De garrulitate (Greek) — Author — 12 copies
De fortuna Romanorum (Greek) — Author — 12 copies
De fraterno amore (Greek) — Author — 12 copies
De Recta Ratione Audiendi (Greek) — Author — 12 copies
De liberis educandis (Greek) — Author — 12 copies
De defectu oraculorum (Greek) — Author — 12 copies
De Pythiae oraculis (Greek) — Author — 12 copies
De E apud Delphos (Greek) — Author — 12 copies
De gloria Atheniensium (Greek) — Author — 12 copies
Quaestiones Naturales (English) — Author — 11 copies
De virtute et vitio (Greek) — Author — 11 copies
De fortuna (Greek) — Author — 11 copies
Vidas Paralelas IV (1959) 11 copies
Conjugalia Praecepta (Greek) — Author — 11 copies
Hellien tunteiden kirja (2005) 11 copies
Vidas paralelas II (1991) 11 copies
Quaestiones Convivales (English) — Author — 11 copies
De tuenda sanitate praecepta (Greek) — Author — 11 copies
An virtus doceri possit (Greek) — Author — 11 copies
Parallel Lives: Complete (2012) 10 copies
Le virtù di Sparta (1996) 10 copies
Escrits d'ètica pràctica (2013) 10 copies
Alcibiades (1996) 10 copies
An seni respublica gerenda sit (Greek) — Author — 10 copies
Vides paral·leles, T IX (1942) 10 copies
Praecepta gerendae reipublicae (Greek) — Author — 10 copies
De Homero [Ancient Greek] (1990) — Author — 10 copies
De amicorum multitudine (Greek) — Author — 10 copies
Consolatio ad Apollonium (Greek) — Author — 10 copies
Platonicae quaestiones (Greek) — Author — 10 copies
Theseus (Greek) — Author — 10 copies
Platonicae quaestiones (English) — Author — 10 copies
Vidas Paralelas VI (2007) 9 copies
Vita Ciceronis (1989) 9 copies
Vidas Paralelas V (2007) 9 copies
Erotikos (1991) 9 copies
Quaestiones Romanae (Greek) — Author — 9 copies
Quaestiones Convivales (Greek) — Author — 9 copies
Quaestiones Graecae (Greek) — Author — 9 copies
Mielen tyyneydestä (2020) 9 copies
Quaestiones Naturales (Greek) — Author — 9 copies
Kärlek och vänskap (2014) 8 copies
De Wijze van Chaeronea (1962) 8 copies
La musica (2001) 7 copies
Agesilao: Pompeo (2000) 7 copies
Vidas Paralelas VII (2008) 7 copies
P F Comp 7 copies
L' arte di ascoltare (2004) 7 copies
Levnadsråd (2015) 7 copies
Il volto della luna (1991) 7 copies
Septem sapientium convivium (Greek) — Author — 7 copies
Lykurgos'un Hayatı (2002) 7 copies
Ten famous lives (1963) 7 copies
Vite parallele Vol 2 (2006) 6 copies
Vides paral·leles (1926) 6 copies
Vidas Paralelas VIII (2008) 6 copies
Lycurgus 6 copies
Lihansyönnistä (2004) 6 copies
Plutarch's Lives - Vol I (2010) 6 copies
Vita Aristidis 6 copies
Sulla 5 copies
Everybody's Plutarch (1931) 5 copies
Om religion. Moralia IV (2017) 5 copies
Da Educacao das Criancas (2015) 4 copies
Cimon 4 copies
Dialogues pythiques (1962) 4 copies
Crasus N 4 copies
Filosofia del matrimonio (1995) 4 copies
Gevezeler ve Meraklilar (2017) 4 copies
Per un parlare efficace (2008) 4 copies
Obras morales. Selección (1996) 4 copies
Lives from Plutarch (1973) 4 copies
Do Amor aos Filhos (2015) 4 copies
Bordssamtal (2019) 3 copies
Els mÞrits de les dones (2011) 3 copies
Griechische Heldenleben (1933) 3 copies
Szókratész daimónja (1940) 3 copies
Do Amor Fraterno (2019) 3 copies
vies 3 copies
Nicias 3 copies
Aratus (Greek) 3 copies
Parallel Lives Vol. 1 (2012) 3 copies
Vite parallele Vol 3 (2010) 3 copies
Moralia 3 copies
D Brutus 3 copies
Pompey 3 copies
ARTAXERX (2013) 3 copies
Romul 3 copies
Demetrus 3 copies
Vite (1992) 2 copies
Emilio Paolo: Timoleonte (2000) 2 copies
Consolation à Apollonios (2008) 2 copies
Biografos Griegos (1964) 2 copies
SULLA FORTUNA 2 copies
Da Abund‰ncia de Amigos (2016) 2 copies
La loquacità (1994) 2 copies
Consigli agli sposi (1998) 2 copies
Sull'utilità dei nemici (2011) 2 copies
Le virtù degli animali (1995) 2 copies
Como ouvir 2 copies
La meditazione (2006) 2 copies
Hayatlar 2 copies
Dión y Bruto 2 copies
Sulla fortuna 2 copies
Arte de la biografía — Contributor — 2 copies
Het leven van Antonius en van Octavianus (1963) — Contributor — 2 copies
La vita felice (2014) 2 copies
Vidas Paralelas (2013) 2 copies
Galba (English) 2 copies
Lycurgus 2 copies
Numa (English) 2 copies
Lives volume 3 2 copies
Lives volume 1 (2011) 2 copies
Lives volume 2 2 copies
Párhuzamos életrajzok (2001) 2 copies
Agis (English) 2 copies
Libro (2019) 2 copies
Zastolnye besedy. (1990) 2 copies
Lives 2 2 copies
Pisma egzegetyczne (2012) 2 copies
Parallel Lives Vol. 4 (2012) 2 copies
Slavni likovi antike (2002) 2 copies
Anziani e politica (1991) 1 copy
Solon 1 copy
Acerca del destino (2010) 1 copy
Morals 1 copy
Galba-Otón 1 copy
Lives, Vol 3 1 copy
Bavards et curieux (2001) 1 copy
L'Ami véritable (1999) 1 copy
dialogues 1 copy
Œuvres 1 copy
Ηθικά 1 copy
Rinktinės biografijos (1996) 1 copy
Le vice et la vertu (1999) 1 copy
Vida de César (2016) 1 copy
Preceitos Conjugais (2019) 1 copy
Consejos políticos (1991) 1 copy
Marcus Antonius (2017) 1 copy
Gracchus Kardesler (2015) 1 copy
Antonius ve Kleopatra (2020) 1 copy
Moralia. 10 1 copy
El Asno De Oro (1985) 1 copy
Plutarch's Lives (12) (1909) 1 copy
Flaminin 1 copy
Gaius Marius 1 copy
Lives XI 1 copy
Lives I 1 copy
Lives II 1 copy
Lives III 1 copy
Lives IV 1 copy
Lives V 1 copy
Lives VI 1 copy
Lives VII 1 copy
Lives IX 1 copy
@ 1 copy
Della vera amicizia (1994) 1 copy
Roman Lives 1 copy
La politica 1 copy
Los Tratados 1 copy
L'educazione 1 copy
Il demone di Socrate (2017) 1 copy
Plutarch 1 copy
Parallel Lives Vol. 3 (2018) 1 copy
Parallel Lives Vol. 2 (2018) 1 copy
Plutarch's Lives (2010) 1 copy

Associated Works

Coriolanus (1623) — Contributor, some editions — 2,797 copies
The Art of the Personal Essay (1994) — Contributor — 1,383 copies
Extraordinary Tales (1955) — Contributor — 276 copies
The Columbia Anthology of Gay Literature (1998) — Contributor — 159 copies
Greek Civilization and Character (1924) — Contributor — 150 copies
The World of Mathematics, Volume 1 (1956) — Contributor — 125 copies
Komt een Griek bij de dokter humor in de oudheid (2007) — Contributor — 25 copies

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Discussions

LEC Plutarch in George Macy devotees (February 2023)
Fine editions of Plutarch’s Lives in Folio Society Devotees (September 2022)
here comes Plutarch in Challenge: Loeb Classical Library (January 2020)
Plutarch in Ancient History (March 2008)

Reviews

I pulled it out to start reading it, although I am apprehensive about starting such a dense book set millenia ago in with unfamiliar people and places. This could easily be a semester of study, or longer. As I read, I am reminded of the importance of knowing history. We get so caught up in our modern accessories that we forget the fundamental human nature of all that we do.

I started this book, and then it sat without being read for six months. When I picked it up again, I started the chapter on: Lycurgus king of Sparta. The true details are shrouded in antiquity, but this chapter outlines him as a king who worked to create laws and a society for the blessing of his people. The laws of marriage are quite strange. He created a culture of self-denial.

A couple of paragraphs quite struck me, and are quoted here.

"Cæsar once, seeing some wealthy strangers at Rome, carrying up and down with them in their arms and bosoms young puppy-dogs and monkeys, embracing and making much of them, took occasion not unnaturally to ask whether the women in their country were not used to bear children; by that prince-like reprimand gravely reflecting upon persons who spend and lavish upon brute beasts that affection and kindness which nature has implanted in us to be bestowed on those of our own kind. With like reason may we blame those who misuse that love of inquiry and observation which nature has implanted in our souls, by expending it on objects unworthy of the attention either of their eyes or their ears, while they disregard such as are excellent in themselves, and would do them good." (Loc 4651)

"It was not said amiss by Antisthenes, when people told him that one Ismenias was an excellent piper, “It may be so,” said he, “but he is but a wretched human being, otherwise he would not have been an excellent piper.” And king Philip, to the same purpose, told his son Alexander, who once at a merry-meeting played a piece of music charmingly and skilfully, “Are you not ashamed, son, to play so well?” For it is enough for a king or prince to find leisure sometimes to hear others sing, and he does the muses quite honor enough when he pleases to be but present, while others engage in such exercises and trials of skill. He who busies himself in mean occupations produces, in the very pains he takes about things of little or no use, an evidence against himself of his negligence and indisposition to what is really good." (Loc 4669)


Theseus about 1284-1232 BC https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theseus
Romulus about 771 BC https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romulus_and_Remus
Lycurgus of Sparta Born: 800 BC
Numa Pompilius Wikipedia Born: April 21, 753 BC
Solon Born: Athens, Greece Died: 558 BC
Themistocles Athenian Politician Wikipedia Born: 524 BC, Athens, Greece Died: 459 BC
Marcus Furius Camillus (/kəˈmɪləs/; c. 446 – 365 BC) was a Roman soldier and statesman of patrician descent.
Pericles Greek statesman Born: 495 BC, Holargos, Greece Died: 429 BC, Athens, Greece
Pyrrhus - a fierce warrior without moral principle. (Loc - 12313)
Eumenes - betrayed into the hands of Antigonus. (Loc 17600-17643)
Tiberius was a just man who endeavored to do justice to the people by ensuring that they had property, and not just the rich. He was slain by a conspiracy of the wealthy. (75% of the way through)

The term patrician (Latin: patricius, Greek: πατρίκιος, patrikios) originally referred to a group of ruling class families in ancient Rome.
… (more)
 
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bread2u | May 15, 2024 |
I've read a different edition of "De Iside et Osiride", namely Plutarch, and J. Gwyn Griffiths. 1970. Plutarch's de Iside et Osiride. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, thus omitted Babbitt's translation. This Plutarchian text that I've read in the National Library of Wales as a second year student years ago brightened my mind and opened to a wholly new course of studies in metaphysics, pagan theology and magic that I pursued privately for the next fourteen years. As an advise, if anyone reads the "E at Delphi"; "Delphic oracles no longer given in verse" and "On the obsolence of oracles" it is of dire necessity to understand the neo-platonic schools of thought, knowledge of basic "modus operandi" of ancient mysteries is of great significance, otherwise it is quite a fruitless endeavour save for an aesthetical journey in a magnificent classical text. I understand that most people want to read with understanding - not only that, to "acquire the belief-perspective" is enriching, even if for a while, to honour the Eleusia and adorn one's intellect with a true commitment. Plutarch left extremely important matter in his magisterial works, collected and translated in Loeb's volumes, yet to grasp it fully, it is advisable to read, e.g. Iamblichus "On the Mysteries", Chaldean Oracles by Julian the Theurgist, Macrobius commentary to Somnium Scipionis, Hymn to Magna Mater and King Helios by Emperor Julian, Metamorphoses by Apuleius, modern Daniel Ogden's "Greek and Roman Necromancy" to name a few, for background; For whom shall believe it mere tale-tale of ancient past shall never understand the profound truths that are full of vigorous blood: Of prophetissas, of oracles, of Divine transcendent Sun that in the modern world are not only unseen, forgotten, but in the mind's of many descended into mere shadows of shadows, deeper into Platonic cave of apparitions. May the muses guide you.… (more)
 
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Saturnin.Ksawery | 1 other review | Jan 12, 2024 |
Leather cowhide, Castalia Library, limited edition of 750
 
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TomLopez | Dec 9, 2023 |
Leather cowhide, Castalia Library, limited edition of 750
 
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TomLopez | Dec 9, 2023 |

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Associated Authors

Sir Thomas North Translator
Ben Hecht Writer
Appian Writer
Sidney Buchman Screenwriter
James Boswell Contributor
Diogenes Laërtius Contributor
Lytton Strachey Contributor
Suetonius Contributor
Samuel Johnson Contributor
Tacitus Contributor
Marcel Schwob Contributor
J. Mau Editor
Harold Cherniss Translator
T. E. Page Editor
Bernard Mayes Narrator
Isaäc Bos Author
Arthur Hugh Clough Editor, Translator, Translation revision, , Introduction
John Dryden Translator
Robin Waterfield Translator
Ian Kidd Editor
F. H. Sandbach Translator
Alex North Composer
John Hoyt Actor
Roddy McDowall Octavian August
Richard Burton Mark Antony
Rex Harrison Julius Caesar
Victor Hanson Introduction
Philip A. Stadter Introduction, Contributor
John Langhorne Translator
A.E. Zijderveld Introduction, Composer, Translator
Lionel Pearson Translator
Kalle Suuronen Translator
Eduard C. Lindeman Editor & Introduction
W. P. Theunissen Translator, Introduction
Cynthia Patterson Contributor
Lisette Goessler Contributor
Emma J. Stafford Contributor
Hazel Harvey Translator
Jo Ann McNamara Contributor
Keith Bradley Contributor
Lin Foxhall Contributor
C. Hubert Editor
Richard Hawley Contributor
Simon Swain Contributor
Wim J. Koster Cover designer
J.C.B. Eykman Translator, Introduction
Bernadotte Perrin Translator, Editor
Richard Steele Translator
James Atlas Introduction
André Dacier Translator
Rex Warner Translator
G. T. Griffith Introduction
Arnis Mazlovskis Translator
Carles Riba Foreword
Eduardo Gil Bera Translator
Wilhelm Ax Translator
James Amyot Translator
Max Pohlenz Editor, Preface
Thomas North Translator
Jacques Amyot Translator
Carl Van Doren Introduction
W. C. Helmbold Translator
Romek Marber Cover designer
Simone Beta Foreword
Lucia Ghilli Translator
M. Pohlenz Editor
Ralph Waldo Emerson Introduction
Émile Faguet Introduction
Emma Luppino Manes Contributor
Simon Goulart Translator
Hugh Clough; Translator
John Scheid Translator
Chantal Gabrielli Contributor
Jānis Veselis Translator
Mario Manfredini Contributor
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Simona Ciccone Contributor
Claudia Mazzei Translator
Barbara Scardigli Contributor

Statistics

Works
1,366
Also by
17
Members
22,686
Popularity
#936
Rating
½ 3.7
Reviews
188
ISBNs
1,016
Languages
25
Favorited
20

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