Basil Rathbone rose to prominence in England as a Shakespearean stage actor and went on to appear in over 70 films, primarily costume dramas, swashbucklers, and, occasionally, horror films. He frequently portrayed suave villains or morally ambiguous characters. His most famous role, however, was the heroic one of Sherlock Holmes. He portrayed the great detective in a total of 14 Hollywood films made between 1939 and 1946 and also in a radio series. His later career included Broadway, television, and spoken word recordings. In 1948, he won a Tony Award for Best Actor for his performance as Dr. Austin Sloper in the original production of The Heiress. Rathbone served with distinction as an intelligence officer in World War I, in which his brother was killed. This experience contributed to his decision to remain a British subject even though he lived in the USA for many years.