This site uses cookies to deliver our services, improve performance, for analytics, and (if not signed in) for advertising. By using LibraryThing you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. Your use of the site and services is subject to these policies and terms.
MembersReviewsPopularityRatingFavorited   Events   
198475,265 (4.15)10
Disambiguation Notice

(yid)VIAF:71410723 (YIVO)

No events listed. (add an event)
You must log in to edit Common Knowledge data.
For more help see the Common Knowledge help page.
Canonical name
Legal name
Other names
Information from the Russian Common Knowledge. Edit to localize it to your language.
Date of birth
Date of death
Burial location
Country (for map)
Place of death
Places of residence
Awards and honors
Short biography
Emanuel Ringelblum was born to a Jewish family in Buczacz, Poland, in the eastern Austro-Hungarian Empire (now Ukraine). From a young age, he was active in politics and was a member of the leftist Jewish movement called Po’alei Zion (Workers of Zion). He earned a doctoral degree in history from Warsaw University in 1927 with a dissertation on the history of Jews in Warsaw in the Middle ages. In 1932, he began working for the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) to assist Jews in Poland targeted by pogroms, and later Polish refugees from Nazi Germany. He served as the leader of Aleynhilf, which later became a key relief organization in the Warsaw Ghetto. By 1939, he had published 126 scholarly articles. During World War II, Dr. Ringelblum and his family were confined in the Warsaw Ghetto. There he led a secret operation to document the Ghetto by collecting and preserving diaries, letters, newspaper articles, reports, notes, posters, and decrees. His secret archive also included descriptions of the destruction of Jewish ghettos in other parts of Nazi-Occupied Poland, and the atrocities at extermination camps such as Treblinka and Chełmno. On the eve of the destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto in the spring of 1943, the archive was placed in three milk cans and several metal boxes, to be buried in the cellars of Warsaw buildings. Dr. Ringelblum and his family escaped and went into hiding with others on the non-Jewish side of the city. However, a year later, they were discovered by the Nazis and murdered, along with two of their Polish rescuers, Mieczysław Wolski and Janusz Wysocki. The fate of Dr. Ringelblum's archives is only partially known. One of the sites of the boxes was uncovered in 1946 and salvaged by conservators. In 1950, two milk cans were found. The third has yet to be located. The archive materials, along with Emanuel Ringelblum's own written chronicles, constitute the most comprehensive and valuable source of information known regarding the daily lives, struggles, and sufferings of Jews in German-Occupied Poland during the Holocaust. Some of Dr. Ringelblum's writings were translated into English and published by Yad Vashem in 1974 in a volume called Polish-Jewish Relations During the Second World War.
Disambiguation notice
Information from the Yiddish Common Knowledge. Edit to localize it to your language.
VIAF:71410723 (YIVO)

Member ratings

Average: (4.15)
1 1
3 2
3.5 1
4 5
5 8

Author pictures (2)


(see all 2 author pictures)

Improve this author

Combine/separate works

Author division

Emanuel Ringelblum is currently considered a "single author." If one or more works are by a distinct, homonymous authors, go ahead and split the author.


Emanuel Ringelblum is composed of 5 names. You can examine and separate out names.

Combine with…


About | Contact | Privacy/Terms | Help/FAQs | Blog | Store | APIs | TinyCat | Legacy Libraries | Early Reviewers | Common Knowledge | 131,649,393 books! | Top bar: Always visible