Marie de Romieu was the daughter of a baker in the rising merchant class of Viviers in the Ardèche. Not much else is known about her personal life except that she had a brother, Jacques de Romieu, a lawyer and canon who held a position at the court of King Henri III. She is believed to have married into the aristocratic de Joyeuse family and had a son. Marie is known for her translations from Italian and neo-Latin poets, and for her sonnets, epigrams, epitaphs, hymns and eclogues. Her work Les Premieres oeuvres poetiques (1581) was dedicated to Margeurite de Lorraine, the queen's sister, on the occasion of her marriage to the duc de Joyeuse. Marie de Romieu took a keen interest in the role of women, and this work contains her verse polemic "Discours que l’excellence de la femme surpasse celle de l’homme," which celebrated the superiority of women.