Babette Rosmond was born in New York City and sold her first short story to The New Yorker at the age of 17. She worked as an editor at Street & Smith, editing two of their most famous pulp magazines, Doc Savage (1944-1948) and The Shadow (1946-1948). Her science fiction debut, a story co-written by Leonard M. Lake called "Are You Run-Down, Tired--," appeared in the October 1942 issue of Unknown Worlds. In 1944, she married Henry Stone, a lawyer, with whom she had two children. Her debut novel was The Dewy Dewy Eyes (1946), set in the world of pulp magazine publishing. Other books included The Children: A Comedy for Grown-Ups (1956), The Lawyers (1962), Error Hurled (1976), and Monarch (1978). She published the satirical novel Diary of a Candid Lady (1964) under the pen name Francis M. Arroway. She served as fiction editor of several magazines including Seventeen, and edited a series of fiction anthologies, such as Seventeen's Stories (1958), Seventeen from Seventeen (1967), and Seventeen Book of Prize Stories (1968). She also wrote an acclaimed biography of Robert Benchley, whom she had met as a teenager, Robert Benchley: His Life and Good Times (1970). After receiving a diagnosis of breast cancer, she began campaigning for the right of women to make their own treatment decisions, especially regarding other options such as lumpectomy over radical mastectomy, then the standard treatment for the disease. She began writing about her experiences under the pen name Rosamond Campion with "The Right to Choose" in McCall's magazine in 1972 and in a book, The Invisible Worm: A Woman’s Right to Choose an Alternate to Radical Surgery (1972).