Finnish poet who wrote in Swedish. His finest works include Elgskyttarne/The Elk Shooters 1832 and the epic Fänrik Ståls Sägner/The Tales of Ensign Stål 1848–60, about the Swedo-Russian War 1808–09. The latter opens with ‘Vårt Land/Our Land’, which was adopted as Finland's national anthem. Other works include the idylls Hanna 1836 and Julqvällen/Christmas Eve 1841, and the romances Nadeschda 1841 and Kung Fjalar/King Fialar 1844. Runeberg's poetic realism had great influence both in Finland and Sweden. He was born in Jakobstad (Finnish name Pietarsaari), studied at Åbo Akademi, and taught classics in Borgå (Finnish name Porvoo) 1837–57. He founded the Helsingfors Morgonblad newspaper 1832, to which he contributed many of his poems and tales. His wife Fredrika Runeberg (born Tengström) (1807–1879) was a novelist and feminist, and collaborated on the newspaper. This article is © Research Machines plc 2009. All rights reserved. Helicon Publishing is a division of Research Machines plc. Runeberg, Johan Ludvig (FreshGuru)
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