Picture of author.

Domingo Faustino Sarmiento (1811–1888)

Author of Facundo: Or, Civilization and Barbarism

77+ Works 761 Members 12 Reviews

About the Author

Born into a humble family, Sarmiento became president of the Argentine republic in 1868. He was a driving force in the effort to Europeanize Argentina and in the struggle against the rural power elite. His reputation in literature is based on Civilization and Barbarism: Life of Juan Facundo Quiroga show more (1845), a combination of essay and history that often approaches the novel in its handling of imaginative narrative. Demonstrating the barbaric actions of both Juan Manuel de Rosas, the dictatorial governor of Argentina, and the gaucho Facundo in Tiger of the Pampas (o.p.), Sarmiento advocated the civilizing influences of education and economic progress. His ambivalent feelings and romantic view of the gaucho led him to create a mythical character rather than a historical figure. The narratives and sketches in Travels (1849) have been described as "a virtual novel" (Anderson Imbert) for their imaginative quality. (Bowker Author Biography) show less

Works by Domingo Faustino Sarmiento

Argirópolis (1850) 10 copies
De la educación popular (2010) 4 copies
Vida de Abraham Lincoln (2009) 4 copies
El Chacho (2014) 3 copies
TRAVELS A SELECTION (1963) 2 copies
A Sarmiento anthology (1948) 2 copies
Educación común (1987) 2 copies
Educación popular (1989) 2 copies
Redada 1 copy
Viajes Por Chile (2013) 1 copy
Polémicas literarias (2001) 1 copy
VIDA DE SAN MARTIN (2012) 1 copy

Associated Works

The Oxford Book of Latin American Short Stories (1997) — Contributor — 105 copies
Huellas de las literaturas hispanoamericanas (1602) — Contributor — 50 copies
Tales from the Argentine (1977) — Contributor — 3 copies


Common Knowledge



Civilización y barbarie. Segunda edición
museosanalberto | Nov 30, 2023 |
Al leerlo entendemos un poco más nuestra historia
Alvaritogn | 9 other reviews | Jul 1, 2022 |
a nineteenth Century novel by a man who was president of the Argentine Republic for a while. The main character is reasonably well drawn, though not very attractive to modern tastes, and the action is pretty good. Very Spanish in its morality and style. The original was printed in 1831.
DinadansFriend | 9 other reviews | Feb 3, 2017 |
Written in exile and published originally by installments in 1845 in Chile, "Facundo: Civilización y Barbarie" is a work of great literary and historical significance for Argentina and all of post-colonial Latin America, by Domingo Faustino Sarmiento. The author was a forensic writer and journalist who became the seventh president of Argentina.

Sarmiento describes the isolated lawless feudalistic estates of the Argentine interior in political opposition to the educated progressive trade-based prosperity of Buenos Aires. This is the dichotomy between barbarism and civilization. "Facundo" is a historical figure who rose up from the pampas of the gaucho as a fighter.

The values of the frontier tended to favor those who wielded absolute power. The ignorant but tough gaucho and the caudillos who command their obedience, regarded law as an insufferable interference with their "rights". The progressive Unitarians sought to introduce education and their central government interference with the feudal powers of the countryside were brutally opposed by a succession of dictators.

Facundo himself was eventually assassinated by the caudillo Rosas, on whose behalf he had fought the Unitarians.
… (more)
keylawk | 9 other reviews | Aug 21, 2013 |


You May Also Like

Associated Authors


Also by
½ 3.5

Charts & Graphs