Chaim Soutine was an Expressionist painter whose artistic style mixed his Jewish heritage with Fauvism and Cubism. Rebelling against his traditional Jewish background, he went to Paris at age 17 and enrolled at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. He socialized in Montparnasse with great painters such as Marc Chagall and Amedeo Mogdialiani. Soutine was prone to bouts of depression and rage during which he would destroy his own works. The prominent collector Alfred C. Barnes bought many of his surviving paintings and helped Soutine gain recognition in the United States. Soutine had to fled Paris when France was occupied by the Nazis in World War II; he died due to complications from emergency surgery on a stomach ulcer.