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Tristan Tzara was born Samuel Rosenstock on April 16, 1896 in Moinesti, Romania. He was a poet and essayist known mainly as a founder of Dada, a nihilistic revolutionary movement in the arts. The Dadaist movement originated in Zurich during World War I. Tzara wrote the first Dada texts entitled La Premiére Aventure Cèleste de Monsieur Antipyrine (The First Heavenly Adventure of Mr. Antipyrine) in 1916 and Vingt-Cinq Poémes (Twenty-Five Poems) in 1918 and the movement's manifestos, Sept Manifestes Dada (Seven Dada Manifestos) in 1924. Around 1930, he joined the more constructive activities of Surrealism. He devoted much of his time to the reconciliation of Surrealism and Marxism. He joined the Communist Party in 1936 and the French Resistance movement during World War II. His mature works included L'Homme Approximatif (The Approximate Man), Parler Seul (Speaking Alone), and La Face Intèrieure (The Inner Face). He died on December 24, 1963 at the age of 67. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from Seven Dada Manifestos and Lampisteries
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Dada är allt! 39 copies
The Gas Heart 8 copies
Vingt-cinq poèmes 4 copies, 1 review
13 poems 3 copies
L'antitête 2 copies
Dada 1 copy
旅人の樹 (Author) 1 copy
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Tristan Tzara, born born Samuel or Samy Rosenstock to a Romanian Jewish family, grew up speaking Yiddish at home. At age 11, he was sent to boarding school in Bucharest. It is believed that he completed his secondary education at a state high school. In 1912, when Tzara was 16, he joined his friends Vinea and Marcel Janco in editing a literary and arts magazine called Simbolul. They managed to attract contributions from many established writers and illustrators. The magazine lasted only until a few months, but it played a role in introducing modernism to Romanian literature. Tzara studied at the University of Bucharest, but did not graduate. In 1915, he went to Zürich, the home of the new Dada movement. Tzara began writing in French, singing his name Tristan, and producing some of the earliest Dada texts, La Premiére Aventure cèleste de Monsieur Antipyrine (The First Heavenly Adventure of Mr. Antipyrine, 1916)) and Vingt-cinq poémes (Twenty-Five Poems, 1918) as well as the movement's Sept manifestes Dada (Seven Dada Manifestos, 1924). Moving on to Paris in 1919, he joined André Breton, Philippe Soupault, and Claude Rivière in editing Littérature magazine. He became involved in a number of artistic experiments with Breton, Soupault, Louis Aragon, Paul Éluard, Francis Picabia and others, designed to shock the public and change the structures of language. In 1925, he married Greta Knutson, a Swedish artist and poet, with whom he had a son, Christophe. Around 1930, weary of the nihilism and destruction of Dadaism, Tzara became part of the more constructive Surrealist movement. During this period he wrote his celebrated utopian poem L'Homme approximatif (The Approximate Man, 1931). Tzara joined the Communist Party in 1936 to oppose the rise of fascism. During World War II, he served as a member of the French Resistance. He later was elected to a term in the French National Assembly. Tzara gradually matured into a lyrical poet, with works such as Parler seul (Speaking Alone, 1950) and La Face intèrieure (The Inner Face). Tristan Tzara is considered to have influenced many other avant-garde artists and movements from Cubism and Futurism to the Beat Generation.
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