Search Site
This site uses cookies to deliver our services, improve performance, for analytics, and (if not signed in) for advertising. By using LibraryThing you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. Your use of the site and services is subject to these policies and terms.

Voltaire (1694–1778)

Author of Candide

Includes the names: M. de Voltaire, F. M. Voltaire, pseud. Voltaire, F.M. A. Voltaire, F.M. de Voltaire, JFMA de Voltaire, Francois Voltaire, Voltaire Voltaire, F.A.M. De Voltaire, Arouer de Voltaire ... (see complete list), J.F.M. De Voltaire, François Voltaire, Françoise Voltaire, F.M. Arouet Voltaire, Francois de Voltaire, Francois de Voltaire, F. M. A. de Voltaire, J. F. M. A. Voltaire, Franȯis de Voltaire, Francis Marie Arouet, Francois de Voltaire, Francois M. Voltaire, François de Voltaire, François de Voltaire, Francois Marie Arouet, François-Marie Arouet, François-Marie Arouet, Francoise-Marie Arouet, François Marie Arouet, Frangois Marie Voltaire, Francois M. de Voltaire, Francois Arouet Voltaire, Francoise-Marie Voltaire, François Arouet Voltaire, François de Voltaire, Voltaire [Jean-Marie Arouet], Francis Marie Arouet Voltaire, Francois M. Arourt De Voltaire, Francois Marie Arouet VOLTAIRE, Frabcois Marie Arouet Voltaire, Voltaire François-Marie, Arouet françois marie Voltaire, Francis Marie "Voltaire" Arouet, Francois Marie Voltaire; Arouet, Voltaire (Francois Marie Arouet), Francois Marie Arouet (Voltaire), François-Marie "Voltaire" Arouet, Fracois Marie Arouet De. Voltaire, Francios Marie Arouet de Voltaire, Francois-Marie Arouet de Voltíre, Voltaire (François-Marie Arouet), Framcois-Marie Arouet de Voltaire, Francois-Marie Arouet de Voltaire, Francois Marie Arouet De Voltaire, Francois-Marie Arouet de Voltaire, Philosoph Voltaire, Schriftsteller, François-Marie Arouet de Voltaire, François Marie Arouet de Voltaire, Marie Francois Arrouet de Voltaire, François-Marie Arouet de Voltaire, François-Marie Arouet de Voltaire, François-Marie AROUET dit VOLTAIRE, Marie Arouet François ( Voltaire ), Françoise-Marie Arouet de Voltaire, François-Marie Voltaire (Arouet dit), Jean Francois Marie de Voltair Arouet, Jean Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire, Jean Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire, Jean Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire, François-Marie Voltaire; Arouet, Fran¸ois Marie Arouet de Voltaire, François-Marie Arouet (Voltaire), Jean François Marie Arouet de. VOLTAIRE, Françoise-Marie Arouet in arte Voltaire, Voltaire (François Marie Arouet ), Seud. de Françoise-Marie Arouet Voltaire, Francois Marie Arouet De Voltaire; Editor A, VOLTAIRE (François Marie Arouet de)., François-Marie Voltaire (Arouet dit), Jean François Marie Arouet de. VOLTAIRE, Seud. de Françoise-Marie Arouet Voltaire (, François-Marie Arouet dit Voltaire (FR1694-1778) écrivain - philosophie des Lumières - romans - contes - théatre - essais
Also includes: Wolter (1), Voltaire (1)

MembersReviewsPopularityRatingFavorited   Events   
32,586 (39,212)489493 (3.83)10
François-Marie Arouet known as Voltaire, was born in Paris in 1694. He was educated by the Jesuits at the Collège Louis-le-Grand (1704-1711), where he learned Latin and Greek; later in life he became fluent in Italian, Spanish, and English. By the time he left school, Voltaire had decided he wanted to be a writer. His father then obtained a job for him as a secretary to the French ambassador in the Netherlands. Most of Voltaire's early life revolved around Paris. From early on, Voltaire had trouble with the authorities for critiques of the government and religious intolerance. These activities were to result in two imprisonments and a temporary exile to England. The name "Voltaire", which the author adopted in 1718, is an anagram of "AROVET LI," the Latinized spelling of his surname, Arouet, and the initial letters of "le jeune" ("the young"). The name also echoes in reverse order the syllables of the name of a family château in the Poitou region: "Airvault". The adoption of the name "Voltaire" following his incarceration at the Bastille is seen by many to mark Voltaire's formal separation from his family and his past. Voltaire continued to write plays, such as Mérope (or La Mérope française) and began his long research into science and history. From 1762, he began to champion unjustly persecuted people, the case of Jean Calas being the most celebrated. This Huguenot merchant had been tortured to death in 1763, supposedly because he had murdered his son for wanting to convert to Catholicism. His possessions were confiscated and his remaining children were taken from his widow and were forced to become members of a monastery. Voltaire, seeing this as a clear case of religious persecution, managed to overturn the conviction in 1765. n February 1778, Voltaire returned for the first time in 20 years to Paris. He soon became ill again and died on 30 May 1778.
— biography from Candide
… (more)
Candide 18,465 copies, 279 reviews
Philosophical Dictionary 1,082 copies, 9 reviews
Candide and Other Stories 970 copies, 12 reviews
Letters on England 935 copies, 12 reviews
The Portable Voltaire 586 copies, 5 reviews
A Treatise on Tolerance 565 copies, 10 reviews
Candide and Zadig 271 copies, 2 reviews
Candide and Other Writings 254 copies, 1 review
Micromegas 240 copies, 8 reviews
The Ingenue 226 copies, 3 reviews
Zadig & L'Ingenu 203 copies, 1 review
Romans et contes 191 copies, 1 review
The Age of Louis XIV 161 copies, 1 review
Miracles and Idolatry 134 copies, 2 reviews
Candide, with Related Documents 123 copies, 1 review
La Princesse de Babylone (Author) 88 copies, 5 reviews
Romans 72 copies, 1 review
Micromégas - L'Ingénu 67 copies, 3 reviews
Candide 57 copies, 1 review
Micromégas ; Zadig ; Candide 57 copies, 2 reviews
Voltaire's Alphabet of Wit 50 copies, 2 reviews
La Pucelle d'Orléans (Author) 48 copies
Romans et contes 47 copies, 1 review
Zadig et autres contes 42 copies, 1 review
The Ignorant Philosopher 41 copies, 2 reviews
Zaire 41 copies
God and Human Beings 41 copies, 1 review
Romans et contes 40 copies, 1 review
Contos 37 copies, 2 reviews
Verhalen 36 copies, 1 review
Memorie 36 copies
Voltaire 33 copies
Zadig et autres contes 33 copies, 1 review
La Henriade 33 copies
Cándido y otros cuentos 30 copies, 1 review
Oeuvres historiques 26 copies, 1 review
Contes filosòfics 25 copies, 1 review
Mélanges 22 copies, 1 review
The Man with Forty Crowns 19 copies, 1 review
Oeuvres completes de Voltaire 17 copies, 1 review
Voltaire 17 copies
Ouvrages en prose 11 copies, 1 review
Jeannot et Colin 10 copies, 1 review
Memorias 10 copies
Opúsculos ; Cuentos 10 copies, 1 review
Socrates 8 copies
Romane 8 copies
Micromegas e Outros Contos 7 copies, 1 review
Brutus 7 copies
Diálogos de Evémero 7 copies, 1 review
Juifs 6 copies, 1 review
Le taureau blanc 6 copies, 1 review
Romanzi e racconti 6 copies, 1 review
Cuentos 6 copies
Tancrède 4 copies
Faceties 4 copies
Plato's Dream 4 copies
L'America 4 copies
Oreste 3 copies
[Oeuvres] 3 copies
Memnon, The Philosopher 3 copies, 1 review
O Filósofo Ignorante 3 copies, 1 review
The Odalisque (Translator, some editions) 3 copies
Saül 3 copies
Mérope 3 copies
Oeuvres LII 2 copies
Oeuvres XLVI 2 copies
Oeuvres LIV 2 copies
Oeuvres LV 2 copies
Pot-pourri 2 copies
Free Will 2 copies
Malafede 2 copies
Oeuvres LVI 2 copies
Oeuvres XIV 2 copies
Voltaire 2 copies
Indiscreciones del Rey Sol 2 copies, 1 review
Paradise Lost [Norton Critical Edition] (Contributor, some editions) 2,004 copies, 12 reviews
Le Cid (Foreword, some editions) 1,002 copies, 11 reviews
The Book of Fantasy (Contributor) 507 copies, 11 reviews
French Stories (Contributor) 442 copies, 1 review
The Quaker Reader (Contributor) 271 copies, 1 review
Vampires, Wine, and Roses (Contributor) 135 copies, 2 reviews
Dragons, Elves, and Heroes (Contributor) 116 copies
French Short Stories (Contributor) 78 copies
Golden Cities, Far (Contributor) 78 copies
Seven Short Novel Masterpieces (Contributor) 56 copies
The Folio Science Fiction Anthology (Contributor) 37 copies
Voltaire (Contributor) 23 copies
The Penguin Book of French Short Stories (Contributor, some editions) 17 copies
Candide, Voltaire (Contributor) 15 copies
All verdens fortellere (some editions) 13 copies, 1 review
Great Short Novels of the World (Contributor) 13 copies
The Silver Fairy Book (Contributor) 5 copies
Zadig - Micromégas (Contributor) 4 copies
Piirakkasota : Valikoima huumoria (Contributor) 3 copies
French short stories (Contributor) 2 copies
Baroque du Paraguay (Contributor) 2 copies
Théâtre de P. Corneille (Contributor, some editions) 2 copies

Top members (works)

VoltaireLibrary (368), Polleian (76), ucbfrench (63), gelol (58), safari45 (47), prufrock9 (45), WilliamMichaelian (44), vahan_michaelian (44), CarlSandburgLibrary (43), Marquis_de_Sade (43), giusbello (32), mysticjoe (32), henkl (30), oliverio33 (28) — more

Recently added

Magma71 (1), kvadiwala (1), carnegie.hill (1), MarkWarner (1), sn_fk_n (1), Venge (1), stormybrat (1), VicBarr (1)

Legacy Libraries

Voltaire (368), Carl Sandburg (43), Marquis de Sade (43), John Adams (24), Thomas Jefferson (22), Alexander Pushkin (22), Joseph Stevens Buckminster (13), José Francisco de San Martín Gómez y Matorras (10), Benjamin Franklin (10), Joseph Priestley (9)70 more, Charles Macklin (9), Marie Antoinette (8), James Boswell (6), Friedrich Nietzsche (5), Gillian Rose (5), Leonard and Virginia Woolf (5), Karen Blixen (4), William Somerset Maugham (4), Eeva-Liisa Manner (4), Hannah Arendt (3), James Joyce (3), Donald and Mary Hyde (3), William Butler Yeats (3), William Gaddis (3), Richard Henry Lee (3), Richard Cranch (3), Danilo Kiš (3), Samuel Gardner Drake (2), Robert Ranke Graves (2), Rudyard Kipling (2), Robert Gordon Menzies (2), JamesMonroe (2), Frederick Douglass (2), Col. John Baylor (2), Edward Estlin Cummings (2), C. S. Lewis (2), Robert E. Howard (2), Alfred Deakin (2), Ernest Hemingway (2), Napoleon Bonaparte (2), Social Library (1793) (2), Ralph Ellison (2), George Washington (2), Francis Dana (2), Samuel Roth (2), T. E. Lawrence (1), William Makepeace Thackeray (1), William Wilberforce (1), WilliamShort (1), USS California (Armored Cruiser No. 6) (1), Tim Spalding (1), Ruth Bader Ginsburg (1), Samuel Johnson (1), Sir Walter Scott (1), Robert Treat Paine (1), John Hancock (1), Evelyn Waugh (1), Elbridge Gerry (1), Fyodor Dostoevsky (1), George Clymer (1), George Washington Mordecai (1), Daniel Webster (1), Charles Lamb (1), Alexander Hamilton (1), Alfred Bernhard Nobel (1), Astrid Lindgren (1), Ayn Rand (1), Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas (1), Gustave Flaubert (1), Maggie L. Walker (1), Maria Àngels Anglada d'Abadal (1), Nelson Algren (1), Newton 'Bud' Flounders (1), Lady Jean Skipwith (1), John Witherspoon (1), Herman Melville (1), Isaiah Thomas (1), James and Mary Murray (1), Aaron Copland (1), Oscar Wilde (1)

Member favorites

1001 books (89) 17th century (124) 18th century (801) anthology (305) classic (837) classic literature (123) classics (887) drama (111) ebook (86) Enlightenment (395) essays (135) fairy tales (111) fantasy (209) fiction (2,921) Folio Society (143) France (556) French (1,189) French fiction (104) French literature (1,327) history (312) humor (268) literature (1,178) non-fiction (235) novel (426) optimism (87) own (105) Penguin Classics (93) philosophy (2,124) poetry (491) politics (79) read (333) religion (166) Roman (88) satire (1,085) short stories (329) theatre (130) to-read (824) translation (134) unread (149) Voltaire (430)
No events listed. (add an event)
You must log in to edit Common Knowledge data.
For more help see the Common Knowledge help page.
Canonical name
Legal name
Other names
Date of birth
Date of death
Burial location
Country (for map)
Place of death
Cause of death
Places of residence
Awards and honors
Short biography
Disambiguation notice

Member ratings

Average: (3.83)
0.5 7
1 95
1.5 29
2 358
2.5 57
3 1312
3.5 317
4 2015
4.5 201
5 1524

Improve this author

Combine/separate works

Author division

Voltaire is currently considered a "single author." If one or more works are by a distinct, homonymous authors, go ahead and split the author.


Voltaire is composed of 85 names. You can examine and separate out names.

Combine with…


About | Contact | Privacy/Terms | Help/FAQs | Blog | Store | APIs | TinyCat | Legacy Libraries | Early Reviewers | Common Knowledge | 169,928,050 books! | Top bar: Always visible