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Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889–1951)

Author of Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus

151+ Works 15,641 Members 99 Reviews 82 Favorited

About the Author

Born in Vienna, Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein was educated at Linz and Berlin University. In 1908 he went to England, registering as a research student in engineering at the University of Manchester. There he studied Bertrand Russell's (see also Vol. 5) Principles of Mathematics by chance and show more decided to study with Russell at Cambridge University. From 1912 to 1913, he studied under Russell's supervision and began to develop the ideas that crystallized in his Tractatus. With the outbreak of World War I, he returned home and volunteered for the Austrian Army. During his military service, he prepared the book published in 1921 as the Tractatus, first translated into English in 1922 by C. K. Ogden. Wittgenstein emerged as a philosopher whose influence spread from Austria to the English-speaking world. Perhaps the most eminent philosopher during the second half of the twentieth century, Wittgenstein had an early impact on the members of the Vienna Circle, with which he was associated. The logical atomism of the Tractatus, with its claims that propositions of logic and mathematics are tautologous and that the cognitive meaning of other sorts of scientific statements is empirical, became the fundamental source of logical positivism, or logical empiricism. Bertrand Russell adopted it as his position, and A. J. Ayer was to accept and profess it 15 years later. From the end of World War I until 1926, Wittgenstein was a schoolteacher in Austria. In 1929 his interest in philosophy renewed, and he returned to Cambridge, where even G. E. Moore came under his spell. At Cambridge Wittgenstein began a new wave in philosophical analysis distinct from the Tractatus, which had inspired the rise of logical positivism. Whereas the earlier Wittgenstein had concentrated on the formal structures of logic and mathematics, the later Wittgenstein attended to the fluidities of ordinary language. His lectures, remarks, conversations, and letters made lasting imprints on the minds of his most brilliant students, who have long since initiated the unending process of publishing them. During his lifetime Wittgenstein himself never published another book after the Tractatus. However, he was explicit that the work disclosing the methods and topics of his later years be published. This work, Philosophical Investigations (1953), is esteemed to be his most mature expression of his philosophical method and thought. (Bowker Author Biography) show less
Image credit: Photo by Moritz Nähr / Ludwig Wittgenstein circa 1930 / Photo © ÖNB/Wien

Series

Works by Ludwig Wittgenstein

Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921) 4,196 copies
Philosophical Investigations (1953) 3,454 copies
On Certainty (1969) — Author — 1,361 copies
Culture and Value (1977) 705 copies
Remarks on Colour (1978) 411 copies
Zettel (1967) 311 copies
Notebooks, 1914-1916 (1957) 309 copies
Philosophical Grammar (1969) 304 copies
Philosophical Remarks (1975) 215 copies
Lecture on Ethics (1989) 54 copies
The Big Typescript (1983) 49 copies
Ein Reader. (1996) 19 copies
Brieven (2000) 18 copies
Diarios, conferencias (2015) 15 copies
Kirjoituksia 1929-1938 (1986) 13 copies
Wittgenstein (1989) 12 copies
Filosofia (1996) 10 copies
Fiches (1971) 8 copies
Ludwig Wittgenstein. (1995) — Honoree — 6 copies
Wittgenstein 5 copies
Movements of Thought (2022) 4 copies
A Wittgenstein Primer (2011) 3 copies
Lettere 1911-1951 (2012) 2 copies
Forelæsninger & samtaler (2001) 2 copies
O Livro Azul (2008) 2 copies
Philosophica, numéro 2 (2000) 2 copies
Über Ludwig Wittgenstein (1968) 2 copies
Denníky 1914-1916 (2005) 1 copy
Wiener Ausgabe, Vol. 1 (1994) 1 copy
Wiener Ausgabe (1998) 1 copy
O livro castanho (1992) 1 copy
Isomorfismo 1 copy
Wiener Ausgabe, Vol. 2 (1994) 1 copy

Associated Works

Awakenings (1973) — Contributor, some editions — 2,482 copies
The Age of Analysis: The 20th Century Philosophers (1955) — Contributor — 410 copies
Ludwig Wittgenstein: A Memoir (1958) — Contributor, some editions — 273 copies
The Voices of Wittgenstein: The Vienna Circle (2003) — some editions — 18 copies
Utopie Eindexamencahier Havo vanaf 2007 (2006) — Contributor — 11 copies

Tagged

Common Knowledge

Canonical name
Wittgenstein, Ludwig
Legal name
Wittgenstein, Ludwig Josef Johann
Other names
WITTGENSTEIN, Ludwig Josef Johann
WITTGENSTEIN, Ludwig
Birthdate
1889-04-26
Date of death
1951-04-29
Burial location
Ascension Parish Burial Ground, Cambridge, UK
Gender
male
Nationality
Austria (birth)
UK (naturalized 1939)
Country (for map)
Austria
Birthplace
Vienna, Austria-Hungary
Place of death
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, UK
Cause of death
prostate cancer
Places of residence
Vienna, Austria
Linz, Austria
Berlin, Germany
Manchester, England, UK
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England, UK
Skjolden, Norway (show all 7)
Trattenbach, Austria
Education
University of Cambridge (PhD|Philosophy|1929)
Technical University of Berlin (Dipl.|1908)
Victoria University of Manchester
Occupations
philosopher
professor
logician
mathematician
Relationships
Russell, Bertrand (teacher)
Moore, G. E. (teacher)
Anscombe, G. E. M. (student)
Black, Max (student)
Geach, Peter (student)
Malcolm, Norman (student) (show all 9)
Wright, Georg Henrik von (student)
Engelmann, Paul (friend)
Ambrose, Alice (student)
Organizations
University of Cambridge
Austro-Hungarian Army (WWI)
Awards and honors
Band of the Military Service Medal with Swords (1918)
Silver Medal for Valour, First Class (1917)
Military Merit Medal with Swords on the Ribbon (1916)
Short biography
Ludwig Wittgenstein, born in Vienna, Austria to a wealthy family, is considered by some to have been the greatest philosopher of the 20th century. He continues to influence philosophical thought in topics as varied as logic and language, perception and intention, ethics and religion, aesthetics and culture. As a soldier in the Austrian army in World War I, he was captured in 1918 and spent the remaining months of the war in a prison camp, where he wrote the notes and drafts of his first book, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. It was published in 1921 in German and then translated into English the following year. In the 1930s and 1940s, he conducted seminars at Cambridge University, his alma mater, and wrote his second book, Philosophical Investigations, which was published posthumously. His conversations, lecture notes, and letters, have since been published in several volumes, including Ludwig Wittgenstein and the Vienna Circle, The Blue and Brown Books, and Philosophical Grammar.

Members

Discussions

Arion Press On Certainty? in Fine Press Forum (November 2021)

Reviews

The point ------->

Me: :)

That was a weird language game mister Ludwig...
 
Flagged
antoni4040 | 45 other reviews | May 14, 2024 |
No entendí nada (tal y como predijo su autor) pero lo disfruté bastante.
 
Flagged
arturovictoriano | 45 other reviews | Mar 14, 2024 |
Kosuth uses Wittgenstein's critique of language as a basis for examining the concept and functioning of art. Associating art with indirect assertions where meanings cannot be said directly but can only he shown through the structure of its own articulation, Kosuth refers to this as art's self-referentiality and defines art as "a play within the meaning system of art"; he argues for an art that considers the uses of the elements within the work and their function within the larger cultural and social framework. Brief biographical notes on some of the 84 participating artists.… (more)
 
Flagged
petervanbeveren | Jan 8, 2024 |
Trans. D. F. Pears and B. F. McGuinness. More understandable than I thought it would be. Very interesting, although I wonder if it solves a problem no one needed solving in any real sense. But W would agree as he determines philosophy is an action, not a problem solving mechanism and even the action is suspect, at least so far as logic is concerned because nothing can be said linguistically about the world with any logic. But did we need to prove that logic is not complete? Goedel obviously proved it can not be, but even on a practical level, philosophy can analyze ideas without needing to conform to mathematical logic. One doesn’t need the other necessarily. Still his dismantling of the idea of the logic of language was fascinating.
From intro by Russel: a philosophical work consists essentially of elucidations. The result of philosophy is not a number of “philosophical propositions” , but to make propositions clear “. (Xiii)
3.328 if a sign is useless, it is meaningless. That is the point of Occam’s maxim. (If everything behaves as if a sign had meaning, then it does have meaning.)
5.6 the limits of my language mean the limits of my world.
7 what we cannot speak about we must pass over in silence
… (more)
 
Flagged
BookyMaven | 45 other reviews | Dec 6, 2023 |

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Works
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Rating
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