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Xenophon's life and personality is better known to us, perhaps, than that of any other Greek who lived before Alexander the Great. Much of his considerable output of historical writing and essays is frankly or implicitly autobiographical. He reveals himself as one of those many Athenians and other Greeks who turned to autocratic political models, including admiration of Persia, after the excesses of the Athenian democracy led to disaster in the Peloponnesian War. He also reveals himself as much more than a literary man and a critic of his times. A gentleman adventurer and something of a professional soldier, he followed in turn the philosopher Socrates, the Persian prince Cyrus the Younger, and the Spartan king Agesilaus, all of whom he wrote about with an air of close personal knowledge. His works include the autobiographical Anabasis, an account of his service with a mercenary Greek army that marched from Mesopotamia to the Black Sea after the defeat and death of the younger Cyrus. It provides the most detailed single perspective on the military practices and military mentality of Xenophon's age. His Hellenica, by contrast, is an impersonal continuation to the end of the Peloponnesian War of the work of Thucydides and a patchy memoir that concentrates on Sparta's fortunes until the definitive end of its power in 362 b.c. Xenophon's other major works are the Cyropaedia and the rambling Socratic dialogues known as the Memorabilia. The Cyropaedia is a fictional idealization of the career of Cyrus the Great, the only great conqueror known to the Greeks before Alexander. Often regarded merely as a novel, it is a species of a priori historical reconstruction. A retrojection of the military science and political values of the day into a largely unknown Persia of the past, it is intended to explain Cyrus's success on rational principles. The Memorabilia and the Socratic Apology that comes down with them contain nothing of philosophical value but are thought by some scholars to offer a possible corrective to Plato's altogether too Platonic Socrates. Xenophon had a conventional and second-rate mind, but he is a valuable resource because of his mediocrity. He enables us to make contact with an ordinary intellect from a world that often seems dominated by geniuses. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from The Anabasis [in translation]
… (more)
The Anabasis [in translation] (Author) 2,130 copies, 49 reviews
A History of My Times 750 copies, 8 reviews
The Landmark Xenophon's Hellenika 513 copies, 3 reviews
Anabasis [Ancient Greek] 369 copies, 5 reviews
Memorabilia 338 copies, 5 reviews
Cyropaedia [in translation] 318 copies, 2 reviews
Hellenica, books 5-7 70 copies, 2 reviews
Symposium 60 copies, 1 review
Xenophontis Opera omnia 37 copies, 3 reviews
Cyropaedia [Ancient Greek] 29 copies, 2 reviews
Complete works 27 copies, 1 review
The Economist [translation] 23 copies, 2 reviews
Historia Graeca 14 copies
Agesilaus 10 copies
Anábasis 8 copies
Opere 8 copies
The Cavalry General 7 copies, 1 review
Le Tavole di Licurgo 6 copies, 1 review
Records de Sòcrates 5 copies, 2 reviews
Oeuvres complètes, Tome 1 5 copies, 1 review
The Apology 5 copies
La Ciropedia 5 copies
On Revenues 4 copies, 1 review
The Sportsman 3 copies
Symposium 3 copies
La tirannide 3 copies
Mémorables 2 copies
Sokrates 2 copies, 1 review
Obres socràtiques menors 2 copies, 2 reviews
Het diner 2 copies
Cyropaedia II 2 copies
Senofonte 1 copy
Ierone 1 copy
Onnia 1 copy
Memorias 1 copy
La caccia 1 copy
Banquet 1 copy
Cineg©·tic 1 copy, 1 review
Opuscles 1 copy, 1 review
RECORDS DE SÒCRATES 1 copy, 1 review
Ledarskap 1 copy
Cinegètic 1 copy
Opuscula V 1 copy
Opuscles 1 copy
Story of Cyrus 1 copy, 1 review
Writer of Attic prose 1 copy, 1 review
Operum 1 copy
[No title] 1 copy
The Portable Greek Historians (Contributor) 489 copies, 3 reviews
The Penguin Book of War (Contributor) 385 copies, 1 review
On Tyranny (some editions) 224 copies, 2 reviews
Greek Civilization and Character (Contributor) 135 copies
Classic Travel Stories (Contributor) 57 copies
Selections from Greek Historians (Contributor) 9 copies
Griekse geschiedschrijvers (Contributor) 6 copies

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