Jeroboam I (reigned c. 922-901 B.C.E.): First king of an independent Israel. When King Solomon, ruler of Israel and Judah and the Davidic Empire, died. his son Rehoboam was expected to succeed. But Solomon had been a despot, and the people, prodded by Jeroboam, asked for concessions. Rehoboam refused. Jeroboam then induced Israel to secede, and set himself up as king. His dynasty did not, however, endure; at least one son died in Jeroboam's lifetime, and his successor was quickly overthrown. Jeroboam's story is closely entwined with that of the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite.