Lucius Jackson was convicted of breaking out of jail, breaking into a home, committing armed robbery, and raping its owner. He was sentenced to death, and his case Jackson vs Georgia was a appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court (1972) by the Legal Defense Fund (LDF), originally part of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, as a challenge under the 8th Amendment to the US Constitution (cruel and unusual punishment) as a challenge to the death penalty, especially for rape cases. It was a companion to Furman vs Georgia and Branch v Texas.
The Courts decision (408 US 238, 1972), found the use the death penalty invalid in these cases, but the justices did not agree on the rationale.
When he learned that he had prevailed, Jackson told a reporter: "I've been thinking about nothing but death for a long time. Now I can think about living."