Marcus Aemilius Lepidus: There were several notable Romans with this name, but the most famous is surely the "Third Pillar of the World," the man who, along with Octavian (Augustus Caesar) and Mark Antony, formed the "Second Triumvirate" after the death of Julius Caesar. Lepidus had for a time been Master of Horse under Caesar, and so had an army at his command in the period after Caesar's death. He was made consul for 42 B.C.E., and was in charge in Rome while Octavian and Antony won the battle of Philippi. When Antony and Octavian divided the Roman world in half, Lepidus was given a small chunk of North Africa as a sop. When, in the late 30s B.C.E., he finally gave hints of independence, Octavian took away his territory and left him to fritter away the last two decades of his life as High Priest. Lepidus died in 12 or 13 B.C.E., a man who let go after having a large part of the world in his grasp.