Oliver Otis Howard (1830-1909): Union general. Graduated West Point in 1854, fourth in his class, and became a teacher of mathematics at West Point. He became a colonel soon after the outbreak of the Civil War and commanded a brigade at First Bull Run. Made a brigadier in September, he lost his right arm at Fair Oaks. Made a major general in November 1862, he took command of the XI Corps before Chancellorsville and watched it be disgraced at that battle and at Gettysburg. Transferred to the west, he commanded one wing of Sherman's March to the Sea. After the war, he worked hard for the rights of the former slaves, heading the Freedman's Bureau and founding Howard University, but he was not a very effective administrator. He was known for his rather strict religious views.