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People/Characters: Trofim Lysenko

People/Characters by cover

Works (14)

The Cold War Politics of Genetic Research - An Introduction to the Lysenko Affair
Evolution for Everyone: How Darwin's Theory Can Change the Way We Think About Our Lives by David Sloan Wilson
Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science by Martin Gardner
How to Tame a Fox (and Build a Dog): Visionary Scientists and a Siberian Tale of Jump-Started Evolution by Lee Alan Dugatkin
Koba the Dread: Laughter and the Twenty Million by Martin Amis
The Lysenko Affair by David Joravsky
Lysenko and the tragedy of Soviet science by Valery N. Soyfer
The Lysenko Effect: The Politics Of Science by Nils Roll-Hansen
Lysenko Is Right by James Lattimer Fyfe
Nightshifted by Cassie Alexander
Proletarian Science? the Case of Lysenko by Dominique Lecourt
The Rise and Fall of T. D. Lysenko by Zhores A. Medvedev
Soviet Genetics and World Science by Julian Huxley
Stalin and His Hangmen by Donald Rayfield

Character description

Trofim Denisovich Lysenko (Russian: Трофи́м Дени́сович Лысе́нко, Ukrainian: Трохи́м Дени́сович Лисе́нко; 29 September [O.S. 17 September] 1898 – 20 November 1976) was a Soviet agronomist and biologist. As a student Lysenko found himself interested in agriculture, where he worked on a few different projects, one involving the effects of temperature variation on the life-cycle of plants. This later led him to consider how he might use this work to convert winter wheat into spring wheat. He named the process "jarovization" in Russian, and later translated it as "vernalization". Lysenko was a strong proponent of soft inheritance and rejected Mendelian genetics in favor of pseudoscientific ideas termed Lysenkoism.

Soviet scientists who refused to renounce genetics were dismissed from their posts and left destitute. Hundreds if not thousands of others were imprisoned. Several were sentenced to death as enemies of the state, including the botanist Nikolai Vavilov. Scientific dissent from Lysenko's theories of environmentally acquired inheritance was formally outlawed in the Soviet Union in 1948.

Trofim Lysenko in Wikipedia

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