Author Cloud for doturner

Mr Michael Lee Ables Jr.(1) Jus Accardo(1) Andrew Adams(1) Anna Adams(1) Emma L. Adams(1) Sigal Adler(2) Daniel Adorno(1) Barry Ahern(2) D.C. Akers(1) H. Peter Alesso(1) Warren Alexander(1) C B Allerdee(1) Anya Allyn(1) Jennifer Nichols Alsever(1) Cheree Alsop(1) Jeff Altabef(2) James G Alva(1) Kimberly Amato(1) P Anastasia(1) Carol Beth Anderson(5) Christie Anderson(1) David K. Anderson(1) Juliet Anderson(1) M. Anderson(1) Diana Anderson-Tyler(1) Carissa L. Andrews(1) LJ Andrews(1) Lorena Angell(1) Laura N. Anile(1) Isobel Archer(1) Michelle Areaux(1) Daniel Arenson(2) Amber Argyle(1) J. A. Armitage(2) Stephen Arseneault(2) Jillian Ashe(1) Eric R. Asher(1) Carl Ashmore(2) Dianne E. Astle(1) Candy Atkins(1) Jane Austen(1) Bethany Averie(1) Baby Professor(1) Beth Bacon(3) Austin J. Bailey(2) Bridget E. Baker(1) Angelica Banks(1) Rachel Barnard(1) Julie A. Barnes(1) Christina Bauer(1) Elle Beaumont(1) K Martin Beckner(1) S. T. Bende(2) Jennie Bennett(1) Rich Bergman(1) Paula Berinstein(1) Shea Berkley(1) Susan Schaefer Bernardo(1) Tony Bertauski(1) Steve Bevil(1) Kimberli A. Bindschatel(1) Tanya Bird(1) Eldritch Black(1) Shauna E. Black(1) Kit Bladegrave(1) Kilby Blades(1) Evonne Blanchard(1) Mike Bloemer(3) Tashawn Blount(1) Zuni Blue(1) Augusta Blythe(1) Tamar Bobokhidze(1) Shalini Boland(1) C. C. Bolick(2) Rex Bolt(1) Casey L. Bond(1) Luke A. Bookwrighter(1) Tracy Borgmeyer(1) Emily Bourne(1) William Bowden(1) Marina J. Bowman(1) Kody Boye(1) Caleb J. Boyer(1) A. King Bradley(1) J. Leigh Bralick(2) Lauren H. Brandenburg(1) Rachel Branton(1) G. L. Breedon(1) Melody J. Bremen(2) Isa Briarwood(1) Lori Brighton(1) Charley Brindley(1) Suzanne Brockmann(1) Matthew David Brough(1) Dr. Duke Brown(1) Michelle Bryan(1) Elvo Fortunato Bucci(1) Jaime Buckley(1) Larry Buenafe(1) Travis Bughi(1) Christopher Bunn(1) D. J. Burchell(1) H L Burke(1) Sam Burnell(1) Bo Burnette(1) Frances Hodgson Burnett(1) Lindsay Buroker(1) Allie Burton(1) Sandra Byrd(1) Logan Byrne(2) Nely Cab(1) Micah Caida(1) Cindy Caldwell(1) Bonnie S. Calhoun(1) Erica Cameron(1) B. Campbell(1) Jamie Campbell(1) J. B. Cantwell(1) J. N. Cao(1) Sophie Carmen(1) Eryn Carpenter(3) Rebecca Carpenter(1) Thomas K. Carpenter(1) Charlene Carr(1) Kelly Carrero(1) Dominic Carrillo(1) Ann Carroll(1) Elle Casey(1) Marnie Cate(1) Heidi Catherine(1) Melanie Cellier(1) C. Gockel(4) K. Chambers(1) V. J. Chambers(1) Sam Charles(1) Aldred Chase(1) Shadow Cheah(1) Brittni Chenelle(1) G. P. Ching(2) Andreas Christensen(1) Ann Christy(1) Cipriano Cindy(1) Stacy Claflin(1) Alessandra Clarke(1) H. M. Clarke(1) Jaffrey Clark(1) Rebecca Clark(1) Andrew Anzur Clement(1) J. R. Cleveland(1) Mr. Marshall Cobb(1) James Todd Cochrane(1) Matthew Cody(1) Danielle Collins(1) J. Conrad(1) Lance Conrad(1) K R Conway(1) C. G. Cooper(1) E.M. Cooper(1) Harmon Cooper(1) Jasper Cooper(1) Nathan Van Coops(1) Katrina Cope(3) Tera Lyn Cortez(1) A.J. Cosmo(1) John Cosper(1) W. J. Costello(1) LaKesa Cox(1) Matthew S. Cox(1) Scott Cramer(1) Robert J. Crane(1) Emily Craven(1) Sara Crawford(1) RJ Crayton(1) Jordan Creed(1) Alastair Crombie(1) Jon Cronshaw(1) Carrie Cross(2) Genevieve Crownson(1) Erin Cruey(1) Paul Cude(1) James J. Cudney(2) Geanna Culbertson(1) J. A. Culican(1) Melissa Cunningham(1) Megan Curd(1) Sarah Dalton(2) Maggie Dana(1) Victoria Danann(1) Kate Danley(2) L. Danvers(1) E. A. Darl(1) C. J. Darlington(1) Kenley Davidson(1) Darlene Hoggard Davis(1) Jennifer Anne Davis(3) Kaitlyn Davis(2) S. C. Davis(1) Harry Dayle(1) Cate Dean(1) David Debord(1) Nathan Deen(1) Ted Dekker(1) Max Delaney(1) Josie Demuth(1) Richard Denning(1) Ann Denton(1) Jennifer Derrick(1) Chess Desalls(1) Bree Despain(1) Laura DiSilverio(1) Cory Doctorow(1) Jillian Dodd(2) Lola Dodge(1) Sarina Dorie(1) Angela Dorsey(1) Connie B. Dowell(1) Jes Drew(1) Gwendolyn Druyor(1) Justin Dublin(1) Nara Duffie(1) Marti Dumas(1) Deborah Dunlevy(1) Pintip Dunn(1) Mr Ilan Dvir(1) Heather Lee Dyer(1) Aimee Easterling(1) T. C. Edge(2) Alexander Edlund(1) Dayne Edmondson(1) Eric Kent Edstrom(2) Terah Edun(2) Jennifer Ellis(1) Kate Avery Ellison(1) Tara Ellis(6) Natalie Erin(1) James Erith(1) David Estes(1) Rebecca Ethington(1) Joseph Evans(1) AJ Eversley(1) A. W. Exley(1) James Fahy(1) Michael Faix(1) Janeal Falor(3) Mary Fan(1) K. J. Farnham(2) Caethes Faron(1) M. J. Farraway(1) M. S. Farzan(1) Beth Fehlbaum(1) Selina Fenech(1) Jeff Fenton(1) Richard Ferguson(1) Scott Ferrell(3) Brittany Fichter(1) Jada Fisher(1) Brian Fitzpatrick(1) Stella Samiotou Fitzsimons(1) Tim Flanagan(1) Jason Flanigan(1) Lauren M. Flauding(3) James J. Flerlage(1) Sean Fletcher(1) Lucas Flint(4) A. J. Flowers(1) K. L. Fogg(1) E.G. Foley(1) Jamie Foley(1) Isabella Fontaine(1) Rachel Devenish Ford(1) Heaven J, Fox(1) Dana Fraedrich(1) T. M. Franklin(1) M.C. Frank(1) Kim Frauli(1) Mr. Sean Michael Frawley(1) Madeline Freeman(2) Katie French(1) Sarah Kathryn Frey(1) Erin Fry(1) L M Fry(1) Sofia Diana Gabel(1) Jodi Gallegos(1) Gary Galvin(1) Gene Gant(1) Rose Garcia(1) Vanessa Garden(1) D. L. Gardner(1) Amber Garr(1) Heidi Garrett(1) Peyton Garver(1) R.A. Gates(1) Christina G Gaudet(1) M.M. Gavillet(1) Emi Gayle(1) Fernando G. de Calderón(1) Gerhard Gehrke(1) Scott Gelowitz(1) M. A. George(1) Peter Guy George(1) S. R. Gibbs(1) J. C. Gilbert(1) Rebecca Gober(1) Carolyn Gold(1) Alison Golden(1) Neal Goldstein(1) Nicole S. Goodin(1) Andrew Goodman(1) Philip J. Gould(1) Sally Gould(1) Tamara Grantham(1) M. Gail Grant(2) Wayne Grant(1) C A Gray(3) Jacky Gray(1) Catherine Green(1) J.J. Green(1) Shannon Greenland(1) C. Greenwood(1) Michael Gregory(1) Katherine Greyson(1) Shaun L. Griffiths(1) Kathleen Groger(2) Michael C. Grumley(1) Jessica Gunn(1) Malia Ann Haberman(1) Krysten Lindsay Hager(1) Glenn Haggerty(1) Chanda Hahn(2) R. A. Hakok(1) Mia Hall(1) Craig Halloran(2) Kate Hallsen(1) T. S. Hall(1) James Halpin(1) Mr Erik Hamre(1) Lauren K Hansen(1) Inna Hardison(1) Kevin Hardman(1) Marion G. Harmon(1) Devin Harnois(2) J. Y. Harris(1) N.W. Harris(1) R. J. Harris(1) Susan Harris(1) Elsa Harrow(1) Brent Hartinger(1) A. W. Hartoin(1) Karin De Havin(1) K. L. Hawker(1) Erin Hayes(1) Thomas Hayes(1) D B Haynes(1) Casey Hays(2) Alysia Helming(1) R. J. Hendricks II(1) Bonnie M Hennessy(1) John Hennessy(1) Casey Herzog(1) Carl Hiaasen(1) Brenda Hiatt(1) Baileigh Higgins(1) Rachel Higginson(1) Aaron Hodges(2) C. C. Hogan(1) Angela Holder(1) Amberlyn Holland(1) D.K. Holmberg(2) Steena Holmes(1) Joanna Homer(1) Holly Hook(1) Karen Amanda Hooper(1) Karen Ann Hopkins(1) Thomas P Hopp(1) J. Philip Horne(1) Abigail Hornsea(1) A.M. Hounchell(1) Lyle Howard(1) Kayla Howarth(2) J. S. Hudson(1) M. H.B. Hughes(1) KC Hunter(1) Vance Huxley(1) Mr. Robert A Iannone(1) Michelle Isenhoff(1) Deborah Jackson(1) Kristen L. Jackson(1) R Jackson-Lawrence(1) Erik Jacobs(1) Levi Jacobs(1) Teddy Jacobs(1) Nya Jade(1) Josie Jaffrey(1) Bernard Jan(1) Lou Jefferson(1) Nikki Jefford(2) Megg Jensen(1) Elyzabeth Johanna(1) Christine John(1) J F Johns(1) C. S. Johnson(1) Jenna Elizabeth Johnson(2) Paul Johnson-Jovanovic(1) Rick Johnson(3) Eddie Jones(1) Ernestine Tito Jones(1) Rosa Lee Jude(1) G. C. Julien(1) Katrina Kahler(4) P. D. Kalnay(2) M. S. Kaminsky(1) Tawdra Kandle(1) C. M. Kane(1) Teri Kanefield(1) Marjory Kaptanoglu(2) Mary Karlik(1) Michael Karr(1) Gayle Katz(1) Theresa Kay(1) t p keane(1) K (ed. )(1) kelleyl(1) L. A. Kelley(1) Steven Kelliher(1) Kiernan Kelly(1) Saruuh Kelsey(1) Allen Kent(1) Christine Kersey(1) Vikki Kestell(1) Logan Keys(1) Kazu Kibuishi(1) Jane Killick(1) E. J. King(2) Ryan King(1) Sara Kingsley(1) Tiffany King(1) Duke Warren Kittle(1) Alisha Klapheke(1) Victor Kloss(1) A. L. Knorr(2) Anne Elizabeth Knowles(1) Dawud Knuckles(1) Jeffrey L. Kohanek(1) David Korson(1) Nayden Kostov(1) Billie Kowalewski(1) Zach Kraft(1) Elijah Kravets(1) R. F. Kristi(1) Susan J. Kroupa(1) Jonathan Kuiper(1) Benjamin Kuttner(1) Dale Kutzera(1) Anna Kyss(1) M D Laird(1) Claudia Landell(1) R. K. Lander(1) Kristen Landon(1) Rachel Langley(1) Elizabeth Langston(1) Mark Laporta(1) Maggie M. Larche(1) Patti Larsen(2) Angel Lawson(1) Tracy Lawson(1) J.R. Leckman(1) L. R. W. Lee(2) Leen Lefebre(1) Claudia Lefeve(1) Brandt Legg(1) Jena Leigh(1) Calix Leigh-Reign(1) Adrianne Lemke(1) Peter Lerangis(1) Bronwyn Leroux(1) C. S. Lewis(1) Victorine E. Lieske(1) Jami Lilo(1) K. A. Linde(1) Ernie Lindsey(1) Amanda Linehan(2) Amy Linnabary(1) Alycia Linwood(1) Nick M Lloyd(1) Oliver Lockhart(1) Cailin Loesch(1) Quinn Loftis(3) Deb Logan(1) Stacey Logan(1) J. W. Lolite(2) Iestyn Long(1) Bethany Lopez(1) Kimberly Loth(1) Clara Loveman(1) Claire Luana(1) PV Lundqvist(1) C. L. Lynch(1) M. Lynch(1) Michelle Lynn Macqueen(2) Jonathan Maas(3) Joanne Macgregor(1) Andrew Mackay(1) B. W. Mackey(1) C. H. MacLean(1) Al Macy(1) Michelle Madow(1) Cassie Mae(1) Robin D. Mahle(2) Gemma Mallorey(1) Skye Malone(1) Mark Mann(1) Dean Marden(1) Wesley Lee Marks(1) J. A. Marlow(1) Stone Marshall(2) Gama Ray Martinez(1) Robin Martin(1) Jennifer Martucci(1) Jeanette Maska(1) A. J. Massey(1) Vivienne Mathews(1) Igor Max(1) Adam Maxwell(1) Dale Mayer(1) Sharon K. Mayhew(1) T J Mayhew(1) Sheron Wood McCartha(1) Nikki McCormack(1) Erin McDermott(1) Bill McGill(1) Kevin McGill(1) Margaret McHeyzer(1) Crista McHugh(1) Alica A Mckenna-Johnson(1) Heather McKenzie(1) Kevin O. McLaughlin(1) Kevin McLeod(1) M. O. McLeod(1) Linda McNabb(2) Scott Medbury(1) Kate Melton(1) J. Mercer(1) Trish Mercer(1) Stephen C Merlino(1) Lynna Merrill(1) Catherine Mesick(1) Brent Meske(1) Jon Messenger(1) Tim Mettey(2) Noah Elias Michael(1) Alicia Michaels(1) J. B. Michaels(1) Christine Miles(1) Erica Millard(1) Barbara Miller(1) Bruno Miller(1) Maureen A. Miller(2) Michele G. Miller(1) Mr Gavin Mills(2) S. Andrea Milne(1) Rosalind Minett(1) Tricia Mingerink(1) Erika Modrak(1) Kira Moericke(1) Tom E. Moffatt(1) R.S. Mollison-Read(1) Suzanne Mondoux(1) Alexandra Moody(3) V. Moody(1) Jordan A. Moore(1) Rachel Morgan(4) Frank Morin(1) J. L. Morin(1) Michael Morpurgo(1) Stephan Morse(1) Paul Moxham(1) Mark Mulle(3) Derek Murphy(1) Sloane Murphy(1) Dean Murray(2) Brett Murrell(1) Heather C. Myers(3) Rick Nau(1) Vera Nazarian(1) Toby Neal(1) Sarah Negovetich(1) Julie Anne Nelson(1) Paul C. Nelson(1) Resa Nelson(3) J.E. Nicassio(1) Erik Nickerson(1) Jennifer A. Nielsen(1) Melanie Nilles(1) Russell Nohelty(1) Jill Nojack(1) David J. Normoyle(1) G. E. Nosek(1) Lisa Nowak(1) Ms Elodie Nowodazkij(1) Johnny O'Brien(1) Casey Odell(1) Melissa Ojeda(1) Annie Oldham(1) Mandy Olina(1) T E Olivant(1) Brian Olsen(1) Farah Oomerbhoy(1) Tiana Or-Gordon(1) Megan O'Russell(5) Katie Ostrovecky(1) Katie O'Sullivan(1) E. A. Owell(1) M.A. Owens(1) Paige W. Pendleton(1) S. J. Pajonas(1) R.E. Palmer(1) Brenda Pandos(1) Arwen Paris(1) Amy Quick Parrish(1) Cecily Anne Paterson(3) Amy Patrick(2) Ian Patrick(1) Janci Patterson(1) J. W. Patterson(1) Darcy Pattison(2) Alex Paul(1) Laura Pauling(2) J. A. Paul(2) T S Paul(1) Catherine Jones Payne(1) Melissa Pearl(2) Andrea Pearson(5) Ridley Pearson(1) Alison Pensy(1) Renee Perez(1) Gemma Perfect(1) Alison L. Perry(1) Scott Peters(1) Gregory Pettit(1) Kristen Pham(1) Camille Picott(1) Caroline Pignat(1) Tyler Pike(1) Rishi Piparaiya(1) L. V. Pires(1) Darrell Pitt(1) Michael James Ploof(1) Susan Pogorzelski(1) Eva Pohler(2) Aden Polydoros(1) Jeffrey M. Poole(1) Razz Popo(1) Sunayna Prasad(1) Thomas J. Prestopnik(1) Amy Proebstel(1) Misty Provencher(2) Speedy Publishing(1) Tracie Puckett(1) Alexia Purdy(1) Breeana Puttroff(1) KM Pyne(1) Zara Quentin(1) Susan Kaye Quinn(4) Alice Rachel(2) E. Racine(1) Alicia Rades(3) Brian Rahbone(1) James Matlack Raney(1) Christopher Rankin(1) Brian Rathbone(1) Gita V. Reddy(1) Ms J. L. Redington(1) Ben Rehder(1) Mina Rehman(1) Kamilla Reid(1) Michelle Rene(1) Gloria Repp(1) Tom Reynolds(1) M. E. Rhines(1) Morgan Rice(8) Douglas E. Richards(1) Kim Richardson(2) Todd Lincoln Richards(1) Carol Riggs(1) Ransom Riggs(1) K. A. Riley(1) Ripley(2) Virginia Ripple(1) Kelly Risser(1) Principal Research Scientist in the Center for New Constructs Richard Roberts(1) Keith Robinson(1) K. M. Robinson(2) Relli Robinson(1) Kati Rocky(1) Nathan Roden(1) Sara C. Roethle(3) Rebecca A. Rogers(1) Brandon Rohrbaugh(1) Kathleen Flanagan Rollins(2) Julian Rosado-Machain(1) Ross B. Lampert(1) Kallie Ross(1) Nathan Roten(1) Michael A Rothman(1) D.P. Rowell(1) Lauren Royal(1) Brian Neil Roy(1) Christina L. Rozelle(2) Cate M. Ruane(1) Rue(1) Erica Rue(1) Logan Rutherford(1) Colleen Ruttan(1) R.K. Ryals(2) Carrie Ann Ryan(1) Matt Ryan(1) Rafael Sabatini(2) Julian Saheed(1) Geoffrey Saign(1) Natalie Corbett Sampson(1) Sarah Noffke(2) Quoleena Sbrocca(3) Rachel L. Schade(1) Rachel Schlessinger(1) Jenelle Leanne Schmidt(1) eileen schnabel(1) Jo Schneider(1) Terry Schott(1) Ed Scott(1) P. S. Scott(1) Sydney Scrogham(1) Marc Secchia(4) Alisha Sevigny(1) Teymour Shahabi(2) Jehoshaphat Shalom(1) Anthea Sharp(4) Theresa Shaver(2) D. M. C. Shaw(1) K.M. Shea(1) Lisa Shea(1) Ken Sheldon(1) Missy Sheldrake(1) Rebecca Shelley(1) Mike Sheridan(1) Dr. Shh(1) Lea Ben Shlomo(1) T. L. Shreffler(1) Neal Shusterman(1) Ariele Sieling(1) Marie Silk(1) Mr R K Singh(1) Sam Sisavath(1) Erin Michelle Sky(1) Justin Sloan(1) Tamar Sloan(2) Becca C. Smith(1) Clayton Smith(1) Dale Ivan Smith(1) G Michael Smith(1) Kristin Smith(1) Rachel R. Smith(1) S. D. Smith(2) Steven Smith(1) Steven K. Smith(1) Stormy Smith(1) Tiffany Nicole Smith(1) Oliver Smuhar(1) Glen Sobey(1) Nicole Sobon(1) Emily Martha Sorensen(1) Scott P. Southall(1) Jax Spenser(1) F P Spirit(3) E.J Squires(1) Dante Stack(1) Dennis Staginnus(1) Andrew Stanek(1) Dylan Steel(1) Angelina J. Steffort(3) Pat R. Steiner(1) Lori Ann Stephens(1) Nicholas Stephenson(1) J. S. Sterling(1) L. E. Sterling(1) Claire Stevens(1) Dustin Stevens(1) Erica Stevens(1) Robert Louis Stevenson(1) Mark Stewart(1) Michael F. Stewart(1) J. T. Stoll(1) Rachel Stoltzfus(1) Kyla Stone(1) Peter R Stone(1) Walt Stone(1) Elle Strauss(1) Charles Streams(2) Pam Stucky(1) J. M. Sullivan(2) K. Osborn Sullivan(1) Matthew Sullivan(1) Lee Summers(1) Heather Sunseri(2) Donald Swan(1) Emmett Swan(1) Cidney Swanson(5) Richard A. Swingle(1) Charity Tahmaseb(1) Marti Talbott(1) N.J. Tanger(1) Heidi Tankersley(1) Douglas Tanner(2) Shari L. Tapscott(1) Tristan J. Tarwater(1) Mariko Tatsumoto(1) Eliza Taye(1) Barnaby Taylor(1) Keary Taylor(1) Lauren Nicolle Taylor(1) Winn Taylor(1) Paul Teague(2) Raina Telgemeier(1) Nick Thacker(2) S Shane Thomas(1) Emily Thompson(1) Hilary Thompson(1) J.R. Thompson(4) Kaye Thornbrugh(1) Adelaide Thorne(1) J. Thorn(1) Jamie Thornton(1) Kevin Tinto(1) Fiona J.R. Titchenell(1) Jessica Titone(1) R. L. Toalson(1) Tom Hoffman(3) Amanda Torrey(1) Cathleen Townsend(1) D María Trimble(1) John Triptych(1) Richard Trotta Sr.(1) Fey Truet(1) B.C. Tweedt(1) Johan Twiss(1) Mary Twomey(1) Donnielle Tyner(1) the Hunter Ty(1) Kenechi Udogu(1) Courtney Vail(1) Anita Valle(1) Jeff Van Valer(1) J. M. Vaughan(1) Laurel Veil(5) Magan Vernon(1) Alex C Vick(1) Alex Villavasso(1) R.J. Wade (Editor)(1) Raye Wagner(1) Shanlynn Walker(1) Diana Rodriguez Wallach(1) Ednah Walters(1) Eric Walters(1) Weiqi Wang(1) Laurel Wanrow(1) Belle Ward(1) Cliff Warden(1) H. M. Ward(1) Phil Ward(1) Ken Warner(1) Emma Warner-Reed(2) Den Warren(1) Michael H.H. Warren(1) Lacey Weatherford(1) Ken Weber(1) R.E. Weber(2) Anthony G. Wedgeworth(1) M. Weidenbenner(1) J.L. Weil(2) Jaclyn Weist(1) H. G. Wells(1) Annelie Wendeberg(3) Tricia Wentworth(1) Jerry West(4) Kimbro West(1) Tara West(1) Zachry Wheeler(2) Steven Whibley(1) Andrea White(1) S. W. White(1) Sara Whitford(1) Gavin Whyte(1) J. D. Wilde(1) Olivia Wildenstein(1) Stella Wilkinson(1) Heidi Willard(2) J.T.L. Williams(1) Leah Williams(1) Amanda Wills(1) David A. Willson(1) Cindy Wilson(1) E G Wilson(1) June Wilson(1) Sarah K. L. Wilson(4) David Wind(1) Lee. M. Winter(1) P. S. Witte(1) Bree Wolf(1) Veronica Wolff(1) Rachel E. Wollaston(1) Candace Wondrak(1) Sarah Woodbury(3) Charlie Wood(2) Adrienne Woods(2) Laurie Woodward(1) P.D. Workman(2) RaShelle Workman(4) Kate Wrath(1) Alicia L. Wright(1) Melissa Wright(3) Waugh Wright(1) Holy Ghost Writer(1) Kandi J. Wyatt(1) Sue Wyshynski(1) A.M. Yates(2) Gary Yates(1) D.L. Young(1) Ben Zackheim(1) Dima Zales(1) Vincent Zandri(1)