An artist, curator, and author, Roland Penrose was the founder of the Institute of Contemporary Art in London. A member of the surrealist group in the 1920's and a close friend of such artists as Pablo Picasso, Joan Miro, and Man Ray, Penrose organized many major expositions throughout his career for the Tate Gallery, New York's Museum of Modern Art, and the New York Cultural Center, but it was not until late in his life that he allowed his own works to be exhibited. He issued numerous books on art and artists, among them Portrait of Picasso; Picasso: His Life and Works; McWilliam, Sculptor; Study for an Exhibition of Violence in Contemporary Art; and Miro. He also published a book of poems, The Road Is Wider Than Long. In 1966 Penrose was knighted for his services to the arts.