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The Myth of Mental Illness: Foundations of a…
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The Myth of Mental Illness: Foundations of a Theory of Personal Conduct (1961)

by Thomas S. Szasz

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Szasz, a psychiatrist and academic of considerable reputation, here argues that much of what passes as mental illness and its treatment is a fraud perpetrated on the public. His thesis is that people who don´t fit into the mainstream of society, particularly those that are inconvenient or disruptive, are classified by society as ´mentally ill´ rather than socially ´uneasy´. He suggests that Psychiatry (as individuals and as a profession sponsored by that society) then perpetuate and dignify this process by providing labels and treatments which reinforce the concept of these people and their attitudes to life as not just being equivalent to medically ill, but actually medically unfit. Szasz takes an essentially libertarian view, championing the rights of the individual against the power of the medical, psychological and pharmaceutical industrial/academic complex.

The reader (and reviewer) face some hurdles in dealing with ´The Myth of Mental Illness´. Foremost is that to be able to follow Szasz´s argument you need to start with a good understanding of psychological theory and history. Then there is an issue of context, noting that this book first came out in the 1950´s. It would be wrong to say that Szasz´s argument was simply with the way mental illness was defined and treated at that time (much of what he had to say is even more relevant today). But it must be said that this book develops the argument using examples and references to the state of scientific knowledge from the 1950´s. That is a perspective that is alien to much of his readership today, and which invites the reflection ´well I wonder how much of this has been overturned by developments in neurology and psychobiology since then´.

So anyone wanting to come to grips with his theories might do better to start with one of his later books, or some excellent articles about (rather than by) Szasz himself, and then work their way back to ´The Myth of Mental Illness´. The point of this book is that it contains Szasz´s first development of his theories. It is a landmark in the evolution of modern psychological theory, and like much of Freud´s work deserves to be read not so much for how true it stands today (always a contentious point), but for how it helps us understand where we have come from. The reader may need to choose between the original (much longer) and the abbreviated version released by Szasz in 1972, depending on their needs.

This book (the 1972 version) should be mandatory (and uncomfortable) reading for students of psychology, psychiatry and sociology. Otherwise it is recommended as further reading for anyone interested in Szasz´s theories who might have started with some of his later work. And it is a very important document from the perspective of both psychology and libertarian theory. But I could not recommend this as an introduction to Szasz in preference to any of his much more accessible later works, given that so many of them are available. ( )
3 vote nandadevi | May 12, 2012 |
As revelatory and relevant today, if not more so, than one it first was published. ( )
  redawson_ | Mar 23, 2011 |
unfinished
  LireEnRoute | May 11, 2010 |
Still brilliant after all these years, and underappreciated in the world of psychoanalysis. His work is influenced by Karl Popper and not Ludwig Witgenstein. ( )
  RoyHartCentre | Apr 10, 2010 |
I discovered this book while browsing for source material for a paper I wrote in a history class. The assignment was to write about a minority group and the problems they faced in the United States during the years up until 1867.

The instructor was suggesting it might be a group that we had a personal involvement with and the thought occurred to me to do it on the history of the mentally ill since I have had some involvement with that.

I really appreciated Szasz's opinions on coercion since I had suffered a great deal from the coercive treatment I had been given at different times. I appreciate most of his work that I have seen on these subjects. He does advocate the elimination of governmental support for people with mental (I prefer the word emotional) illnesses since it is paying people to be ill. He suggests that without the payment they would have to get well and back into society out of need. I am not sure that this is necessary. Getting back into society after being on disability is hard but mostly because of the stigma and prejudice from employers against people who have not been in the job market all along.

I got an A on the paper and the teacher asked me some annoying questions about where had I been all this time because of my age, I was 36. I told him I had been abused with psychiatry by my mother and sister. ( )
1 vote renderedtruth | Jul 12, 2008 |
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Amazon.com Product Description (ISBN 0060911514, Paperback)

A classic work that has revolutionized thinking throughout the Western world about the nature of the psychiatric profession and the moral implications of its practices. "Bold and often brilliant."--Science

(retrieved from Amazon Mon, 30 Sep 2013 13:56:18 -0400)

(see all 3 descriptions)

The most influential critique of psychiatry ever written, Szasz's classic 1974 book revolutionized thinking about the nature of the psychiatric profession and the moral implications of its practices.

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