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A mathematician and leading figure of the Enlightenment, Nicolas de Condorcet was a moderate (Girondist) supporter of the French Revolution. He also served as Inspector-General of the Mint. In 1786, he married Sophie de Grouchy, 20 years his junior, who was considered one of the most beautiful women of the day. Despite their age difference, the two shared many intellectual interests and the marriage was a happy one. Sophie de Condorcet became a prominent salonnière and a translator of Thomas Paine and Adam Smith. After Nicolas de Condorcet spoke out against the death penalty for King Louis XVI, he was arrested and imprisoned during the Reign of Terror. He died under mysterious circumstances and was later interred in the the Panthéon. Sophie edited and arranged to publish her husband's complete writings in 21 volumes between 1801 and 1804. The Lycée Condorcet in the 9th arrondissement of Paris is named in his honor.
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