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Paul Celan was born in 1920 in Czernowitz, Romania, to Jewish parents, who spoke German in the home. His mother and father were both deported to concentration camps during Nazi occupation and killed. Celan managed to hide for some time and then survived the war in a Romanian detention camp. After the war, he worked for a time as an editor and translator; he went to Paris to lecture on German literature. Celan began to receive recognition as a poet with the publication of his volume Mohn und Gedachtnis (Poppy and Memory) in 1952 and continued to publish steadily until his suicide in 1970. Divided between conflicting loyalties and cultures, Celan created a unique idiom. Despite the traumatic experience of Nazi occupation, he chose to devote himself to the study of German literature. His poetry is one of the most radical attempts to reconstruct the German language and literature in the aftermath of the Holocaust. (Bowker Author Biography) — biography from Poems of Paul Celan… (more)
Poems of Paul Celan 503 copies, 5 reviews
Breathturn 155 copies, 2 reviews
Poppy and Memory 69 copies, 1 review
Fathomsuns; and, Benighted 69 copies, 2 reviews
Lightduress 62 copies
Collected Prose 62 copies
Snow Part 52 copies, 1 review
Last Poems 41 copies
Obras completas 40 copies
Threadsuns 28 copies
Poesie 22 copies
Cristal 18 copies, 1 review
Poèmes 16 copies
Verzameld werk 12 copies
Dikt 8 copies
Correspondance 8 copies, 1 review
Dikter 6 copies
Todesfuge 6 copies
Gedichten 6 copies
Gedichte 5 copies
Zeitgehöft 5 copies
Poemas 4 copies
Arte Poética 3 copies
Lila luft 3 copies
Gedichte 3 copies
Os Poemas 2 copies
Das Fruhwerk 2 copies
Dikter II 2 copies
Gedichte I 1 copy
Versuri 1 copy, 1 review
32 Poems 1 copy
Poezi të zgjedhura 1 copy, 1 review
Dikter 1 copy
Dikt 1 copy
Dikt 1 copy
Lumen ääni 1 copy, 1 review
Dil Kafesi 1 copy
City Lights Pocket Poets Anthology (Contributor) 339 copies, 6 reviews
Deutsche Gedichte (Contributor, some editions) 135 copies, 1 review
The Drunken Boat (Translator, some editions) 122 copies, 3 reviews
Gedichte (Translator, some editions) 50 copies
Le promontoire (Translator, some editions) 16 copies
Duitsland in boeken : almanak 2005 (Contributor) 11 copies
Deutsche Lyrik : Gedichte seit 1945 (Contributor) 9 copies, 1 review
Jefta, of Semitische liefdes (Contributor) 5 copies
Im Luftgrab. Ein Lesebuch. (Contributor) 3 copies
Tree 4: Winter 1974 (Contributor) 2 copies
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Short biography
Paul Celan was the most commonly-used pseudonym of Paul Antschel, born into a German-speaking Jewish family in Cernăuți (Czernovitz) in a region that was then in Romania and is now in Ukraine. In 1938, he went to France to study medicine but returned to his hometown in 1939 to study literature and Romance languages. Following the invasion of Germany in World War II, Jews were forced into a ghetto, where Celan translated Shakespeare's sonnets and continued to write his own poetry. He was pressed into forced labor and then sent to a labor camp; he was separated from his parents, who were deported by the Nazis to a concentration camp and perished. Celan was imprisoned for 18 months until February 1944, when the advance of the Red Army forced the Romanians to abandon the camps. He returned to Cernăuţi and then went to Bucharest, where he was active in the Jewish literary community. He went to Vienna, where he published his first collection of poems, Sand from the Urns (1948), and had a love affair with Ingeborg Bachmann. In Paris, he met and married in 1952 Gisèle de Lestrange, a graphic artist, with whom he had two children. He worked as a teacher of German language and literature at the École Normale Supérieure, and produced a large number of translations from six different languages, helping to popularize the works of Osip Mandelstam and Paul Valéry, among others. Many of his own poems contain references to historical and political events; his famous poem "Death Fugue," which appears in many anthologies, captures the horror of the Holocaust. He received the Bremen Prize for German Literature in 1958 and the Georg Buchner Prize in 1960. He became depressed and committed suicide by drowning in the Seine in 1970. Today Celan is widely regarded as one of the most compelling poets of the second half of the 20th century.
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