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Paul Celan was born in 1920 in Czernowitz, Romania, to Jewish parents, who spoke German in the home. His mother and father were both deported to concentration camps during Nazi occupation and killed. Celan managed to hide for some time and then survived the war in a Romanian detention camp. After the war, he worked for a time as an editor and translator; he went to Paris to lecture on German literature. Celan began to receive recognition as a poet with the publication of his volume Mohn und Gedachtnis (Poppy and Memory) in 1952 and continued to publish steadily until his suicide in 1970. Divided between conflicting loyalties and cultures, Celan created a unique idiom. Despite the traumatic experience of Nazi occupation, he chose to devote himself to the study of German literature. His poetry is one of the most radical attempts to reconstruct the German language and literature in the aftermath of the Holocaust. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from Poems of Paul Celan
… (more)
Poems of Paul Celan 459 copies, 5 reviews
Breathturn 148 copies, 2 reviews
Poppy and Memory 65 copies, 1 review
Fathomsuns; and, Benighted 63 copies, 2 reviews
Lightduress 57 copies
Collected Prose 56 copies
Snow Part 50 copies, 1 review
Last Poems 39 copies
Obras completas 36 copies
Threadsuns 24 copies
Poesie 22 copies
Cristal 16 copies, 1 review
Poèmes 13 copies
Dikt 7 copies
Dikter 6 copies
Todesfuge 6 copies
Gedichten 6 copies
Zeitgehöft 5 copies
Gedichte 5 copies
Poemas 3 copies
Lila luft 3 copies
Gedichte 3 copies
Hebras de Sol 3 copies
Dikter II 2 copies
Das Fruhwerk 2 copies
Lumen ääni 1 copy, 1 review
Gedichte I 1 copy
Poezi të zgjedhura 1 copy, 1 review
Dikter 1 copy
Dikt 1 copy
Dil Kafesi 1 copy
Dikt 1 copy
Deutsche Gedichte (Contributor, some editions) 130 copies, 1 review
The Drunken Boat (Translator, some editions) 54 copies
Gedichte (Translator, some editions) 47 copies
Le promontoire (Translator, some editions) 15 copies
Duitsland in boeken : almanak 2005 (Contributor) 9 copies
Deutsche Lyrik : Gedichte seit 1945 (Contributor) 8 copies, 1 review
Jefta, of Semitische liefdes (Contributor) 5 copies
Im Luftgrab. Ein Lesebuch. (Contributor) 3 copies
Antaeus No. 15, Autumn 1974 (Contributor) 2 copies
Meine Besitztümer und andere Texte 1929-1938 (Translator, some editions) 2 copies
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Short biography
Paul Celan was the most commonly-used pseudonym of Paul Antschel, born into a German-speaking Jewish family in Cernăuți (Czernovitz) in a region that was then in Romania and is now in Ukraine. In 1938, he went to France to study medicine but returned to his hometown in 1939 to study literature and Romance languages. Following the invasion of Germany in World War II, Jews were forced into a ghetto, where Celan translated Shakespeare's sonnets and continued to write his own poetry. He was pressed into forced labor and then sent to a labor camp; he was separated from his parents, who were deported by the Nazis to a concentration camp and perished. Celan was imprisoned for 18 months until February 1944, when the advance of the Red Army forced the Romanians to abandon the camps. He returned to Cernăuţi and then went to Bucharest, where he was active in the Jewish literary community. He went to Vienna, where he published his first collection of poems, Sand from the Urns (1948), and had a love affair with Ingeborg Bachmann. In Paris, he met and married in 1952 Gisèle de Lestrange, a graphic artist, with whom he had two children. He worked as a teacher of German language and literature at the École Normale Supérieure, and produced a large number of translations from six different languages, helping to popularize the works of Osip Mandelstam and Paul Valéry, among others. Many of his own poems contain references to historical and political events; his famous poem "Death Fugue," which appears in many anthologies, captures the horror of the Holocaust. He received the Bremen Prize for German Literature in 1958 and the Georg Buchner Prize in 1960. He became depressed and committed suicide by drowning in the Seine in 1970. Today Celan is widely regarded as one of the most compelling poets of the second half of the 20th century.
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