Mongkut, also known as King Rama IV, reigning title Phra Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua[a] (18 October 1804 – 1 October 1868), was the fourth monarch of Siam (Thailand) under the House of Chakri, ruling from 1851 to 1868.
Outside Thailand, he is best known as the king in the 1951 musical and 1956 film The King and I
, based on the 1946 film Anna and the King of Siam
– in turn based on a 1944 novel by an American missionary about Anna Leonowens' years at his court, from 1862 to 1867. The accuracy of Mrs. Leonowens's accounts have been questioned, and many Thai resent how one of their great statesmen has been represented.
During his reign, the pressure of Western expansionism was felt for the first time in Siam. Mongkut embraced Western innovations and initiated the modernization of his country, both in technology and culture—earning him the nickname "The Father of Science and Technology" in SiamMongkut in Wikipedia