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Theological-Political Treatise by Benedictus…
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Theological-Political Treatise (1670)

by Benedictus de Spinoza

Other authors: See the other authors section.

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Showing 3 of 3
One quote review.
An excerpt from the book:

"The affirmations and the negations of 'God' always involve necessity or truth; so that, for example, if God said to Adam that He did not wish him to eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, it would have involved a contradiction that Adam should have been able to eat of it, and would, therefore, have been impossible that he should have so eaten, for the Divine command would have involved an eternal necessity and truth. But since Scripture nevertheless narrates that God did give this command to Adam, and yet that none the less Adam ate of the tree, we must perforce say that God revealed to Adam the evil which would surely follow if he should eat of the tree, but did not disclose that such evil would of necessity come to pass. Thus it was that Adam took the revelation to be not an eternal and necessary truth, but a law - that is, an ordinance followed by gain or loss, not depending necessarily on the nature of the act performed, but solely on the will and absolute power of some potentate, so that the revelation in question was solely in relation to Adam, and solely through his lack of knowledge a law, and God was, as it were, a lawgiver and potentate. From the same cause, namely, from lack of knowledge, the Decalogue in relation to the Hebrews was a law. We conclude, therefore, that God is described as a lawgiver or prince, and styled just, merciful, etc., merely in concession to popular understanding, and the imperfection of popular knowledge; that in reality God acts and directs all things simply by the necessity of His nature and perfection, and that His decrees and volitions are eternal truths, and always involve necessity."

The key words in the excerpt are: "solely through the lack of knowledge" - the whole anthropomorphic domain of law, ínjunction, moral command, et cetera, is based on our ignorance; and the proposed ontological ethics are deprived of the deontological dimension.
_______________________________

Also, "Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health."
But that is not prohibited obviously — (Nothing is, nothing can be) — you're just informed of a cáusal link.


( )
  iSatyajeet | Nov 21, 2018 |
One quote review.
An excerpt from the book:

"The affirmations and the negations of 'God' always involve necessity or truth; so that, for example, if God said to Adam that He did not wish him to eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, it would have involved a contradiction that Adam should have been able to eat of it, and would, therefore, have been impossible that he should have so eaten, for the Divine command would have involved an eternal necessity and truth. But since Scripture nevertheless narrates that God did give this command to Adam, and yet that none the less Adam ate of the tree, we must perforce say that God revealed to Adam the evil which would surely follow if he should eat of the tree, but did not disclose that such evil would of necessity come to pass. Thus it was that Adam took the revelation to be not an eternal and necessary truth, but a law - that is, an ordinance followed by gain or loss, not depending necessarily on the nature of the act performed, but solely on the will and absolute power of some potentate, so that the revelation in question was solely in relation to Adam, and solely through his lack of knowledge a law, and God was, as it were, a lawgiver and potentate. From the same cause, namely, from lack of knowledge, the Decalogue in relation to the Hebrews was a law. We conclude, therefore, that God is described as a lawgiver or prince, and styled just, merciful, etc., merely in concession to popular understanding, and the imperfection of popular knowledge; that in reality God acts and directs all things simply by the necessity of His nature and perfection, and that His decrees and volitions are eternal truths, and always involve necessity."

The key words in the excerpt are: "solely through the lack of knowledge" - the whole anthropomorphic domain of law, ínjunction, moral command, et cetera, is based on our ignorance; and the proposed ontological ethics are deprived of the deontological dimension.
_______________________________

Also, "Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health."
But that is not prohibited obviously — (Nothing is, nothing can be) — you're just informed of a cáusal link.


( )
  iSatyajeet | Nov 21, 2018 |
I know, I know that I also have this in French and in Latin but I bought the intro by Jonathan Israel.
  TheoSmit | Jun 21, 2010 |
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» Add other authors (25 possible)

Author nameRoleType of authorWork?Status
Spinoza, Benedictus deAuthorprimary authorall editionsconfirmed
Dini, AlessandroEditorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Elwes, R.H.M.Translatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Saint-Glain, Dominique deTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
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Information from the Italian Common Knowledge. Edit to localize it to your language.
Tra i vari, possibili discorsi introduttivi alla lettura del Trattato teologico-politico - testo insieme di critica biblica, filosofia della religione e filosofia politica - quello tendente a mettere in luce il significato della filosofia politica spinoziana e il nesso esistente tra filosofia politica e metafisica spinoziana mi è parso offrire il tipo di approccio al testo oggi più pertinente.

PREFAZIONE di Emilia Gaincotti Boscherini
Se gli uomini potessero procedere a ragion veduta in tutte le loro cose o se la fortuna fosse loro sempre propizia, non andrebbero soggetti ad alcuna superstizione. Ma, poiché essi vengono spesso a trovarsi di fronte a tali difficoltà che non sanno prendere alcuna decisione e poiché il loro smisurato desiderio degli incerti beni della fortuna li fa penosamente ondeggiare tra la speranza e il timore, il loro animo è quanto mai incline a credere qualsiasi cosa; quando è preso dal dubbio, esso è facilmente sospinto or qua or là, e tanto più allorché esita in preda alla speranza o al timore, mentre nei momenti di fiducia è pieno di vanità e presunzione.
PREFAZIONE
Profezia o rivelazione è la conoscenza certa di una cosa rivelata da Dio agli uomini.
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Information from the Italian Common Knowledge. Edit to localize it to your language.
(Click to show. Warning: May contain spoilers.)
(Click to show. Warning: May contain spoilers.)
Disambiguation notice
This work has a title that includes A Theologico-Political Treatise and a Political Treatise but an ISBN that corresponds to A Theologico-Political Treatise only. Please correct either the title or the ISBN before combining it with the correct work.
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Amazon.com Product Description (ISBN 0486202496, Paperback)

Rational examination of the Old Testament to show that freedom of thought and speech is consistent with the religious life. True religion consists in practice of simple piety, independent of philosophical speculation. Also unfinished essay on theory of government founded on common consent. One of Spinoza’s most important works. R. Elwes translation.

(retrieved from Amazon Thu, 12 Mar 2015 18:20:18 -0400)

(see all 2 descriptions)

Theologico-Political Treatise is the only work of Baruch Spinoza's original philosophy published during his lifetime. The work has three purposes: to defend and bolster religious tolerance, to make a plea for freedom of thought and democracy, and to offer a new approach to the study and interpretation of the Bible and to its political uses. Despite the author's attempt to disguise its origin--it was published in 1670 anonymously and with a false city of publication--the Treatise was quickly attributed to Spinoza and became a sensation. It was widely vilified, considered an illegal publication, and quickly put under local censorship and suppression. Nevertheless, unlike other banned books, the Theologico-Political Treatise spread like wildfire all over Europe and numerous copies of it in various European language translations were found in libraries from Britain and all over Europe.… (more)

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