Gaines, Helen Fouche (1888-1940): Born in Hot Springs and raised in Lake Village, Ms. Gaines graduated from Little Rock High School in 1906 (she was co-validictorian). It is believed she worked as a cipherer for the Navy during World War I. In 1929, she joined the American Cryptogram Association (ACA). From 1933 to 1939, she published thirty-four articles in the ACA’s publication, The Cryptogram. Ms. Gaines published Elementary Cryptanalysis in 1939, still considered one of the official books of the ACA.