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Virgilio

Author of The Aeneid

748+ Works 33,833 Members 295 Reviews 69 Favorited

About the Author

Virgil was born on October 15, 70 B.C.E., in Northern Italy in a small village near Mantua. He attended school at Cremona and Mediolanum (Milan), then went to Rome, where he studied mathematics, medicine and rhetoric, and finally completed his studies in Naples. He entered literary circles as an show more "Alexandrian," the name given to a group of poets who sought inspiration in the sophisticated work of third-century Greek poets, also known as Alexandrians. In 49 BC Virgil became a Roman citizen. After his studies in Rome, Vergil is believed to have lived with his father for about 10 years, engaged in farm work, study, and writing poetry. After the battle of Philippi in 42 B.C.E. Virgil¿s property in Cisalpine Gaul, was confiscated for veterans. In the following years Virgil spent most of his time in Campania and Sicily, but he also had a house in Rome. During the reign of emperor Augustus, Virgil became a member of his court circle and was advanced by a minister, Maecenas, patron of the arts and close friend to the poet Horace. He gave Virgil a house near Naples. Between 42 and 37 B.C.E. Virgil composed pastoral poems known as Bucolic or Eclogues and spent years on the Georgics. The rest of his life, from 30 to 19 B.C., Virgil devoted to The Aeneid, the national epic of Rome, and the glory of the Empire. Although ambitious, Virgil was never really happy about the task. Virgil died in 19 B. C. (Bowker Author Biography) show less

Includes the names: Vergil, Virgile, Virgili, Vergiliy, Virgilio, Vergilio, Virgilius, Virgílio, Vergilijs, Vergilije, Vergilius, Vergílio, Wergiliusz, P V Maronis, P Vergilius, P. Virgili M., Virgil Virgil, Virgilius Maro, Vergilius Maro, P.Virgili Maró, Vergili Maronis, PUBLIO VIRGILIO, Виргилий, Вергилий, Maronis Virgilii, Virgilii Maronis, P. Virgilius Maro, Maronis P Vergili, P. Vergilius Maro, P. Vergilius Maro, P. Vergilius Maro, P. Virgilius Maro, P. Vergili Maronis, P. Uergili Maronis, P. Maronis Vergili, P. Marone Virgilio, P. Vergili Maronis, Vergili P. Maronis, Publi Virgili Maró, P. Virgilli Maronis, P. Virgilii Maronis, P. Vergilii Maronis, Maronis P. Virgilii, P. Vergilii Maronis, P. Vergilus Maronis, Publius Vergil Maro, P. Virgilii Maronis, P. Vergilii Maronis, P. Virgilius Maronis, virgilpvergilimaroni, Publio Virgilio Maron, P. Vergilius (Virgil), Publio Virgilio Maron, Publio Maron Virgilio, ウェルギリウス, Publii Maron Vergilii, Publio Marone Virgilio, Publius Vergilius Maro, Publius Vergil Maronis, Publio Virgilio Marone, Publius Virgilius Maro, Publio Virgilio Marón, - Vergilius Maro Poeta, Publius Maro Vergilius, Publius Vergilius Maro, Publio Virgilio Marón, Publius Virgilius Maro, Publio Virgilio Marone, Publius Vergilius Mar0, Publio Virgilio Marone, Publio Virgilio Marón, Publius Vergilius Maro, Publius Virgilius Maro, Publio Virgilio Marrón, Publii Maronis Virgilii, Publius Vergili Maronis, Publius Vergili Maronis, P. Vergilius Maro Vergil, Publiusz Wergiliusz Maro, [Virgil] Vergili Maronis, Virgilii Maronis Publius, Publi Virgili Maró, P. Virgilii Maronis / Virgil, Publio Virgilio Marón, Publio Virgilio Marón, Virgil (Publius Virgilius Maro), Virgil [Publius Vergilius Maro], Publio Virgilio Marón, 70-19 aC, Публий Вергилий Марон, Публий Марон Вергилий, Publius Vergilius Maro Virgile (70BC - 19BC), Virgil.***NOTE: THIS IS A PRINT ON DEMAND VERSION FROM THE ORIGINAL BOOK***

Disambiguation Notice:

Full name is Publius Vergilius Maro; canonical name (Roman version) is "P. Vergilius Maro". The spellings 'Virgil' and 'Vergil' have both been in use.

Image credit: Wikipedia: "Publius Vergilius Maro" Description: Bust of Vergil Date: April, 2005 Author: A. Hunter Wright

Series

Works by Virgilio

The Aeneid (0029) 23,261 copies, 197 reviews
The Georgics (0029) 1,113 copies, 12 reviews
Vergil's Aeneid, Books I-VI (0020) 975 copies, 5 reviews
The Eclogues (0037) 845 copies, 7 reviews
Poems (1882) 715 copies, 6 reviews
Vergil's Aeneid, Books VII-XII (0040) 546 copies, 1 review
P. Vergili Maronis Opera (1959) 513 copies, 5 reviews
The Eclogues; Georgics [translated texts] (1898) 458 copies, 4 reviews
Virgil's Works (0070) 316 copies, 4 reviews
Bucoliche (0026) 304 copies, 2 reviews
Aeneid: Book VI [in translation] (0029) 216 copies, 3 reviews
Aeneid, book 2 (0019) 177 copies
Aeneid VI (1941) 147 copies, 2 reviews
Doomed Love (2007) 142 copies, 3 reviews
Aeneid, book 4 (0019) 138 copies
Eclogae {Latin} (1977) 126 copies, 3 reviews
Aeneid, book 1 (1920) 119 copies, 1 review
Bucolica et Georgica [Latin texts] (1922) — Author — 100 copies
The Essential Aeneid (2006) 98 copies
Aeneid, book 8 (1965) 72 copies
Aeneid, book 9 (1920) 72 copies, 1 review
The Destruction of Troy (Penguin Epics) (2006) 63 copies, 1 review
Aeneid, book 12 (1953) 58 copies
Virgil in English (1996) — Author — 57 copies, 1 review
Appendix Vergiliana (1966) — Author — 54 copies, 1 review
Virgil : the Aeneid (1990) 47 copies
ENEIDA GEORGICAS BUCOLICAS, LA (1848) 41 copies, 4 reviews
Aeneid (Latin) (1924) 40 copies
Aeneid, book 11 (1991) 38 copies
Aeneid, book 3 (1962) 37 copies
Aeneid, book 10 (1917) 37 copies, 1 review
Aeneid, book 5 (1846) 31 copies
Vergil: Aeneid 2 (2008) — Writer — 25 copies
Aeneid I-IV (1937) 24 copies
Aeneas. ( Ab 12 J.). Der Sohn der Göttin. (1971) — Author — 22 copies
De zwerftocht van Aeneas (1995) 22 copies
Virgil 20 copies
Aeneid, books 10–12 (1978) 19 copies
Georgicon liber IV [Latin] (1902) 19 copies, 1 review
Aeneid, books 7–9 (2009) 19 copies
[unspecified works] (1806) 16 copies, 1 review
Aeneis 3/4. (1978) 15 copies
Le Georgiche. Libro primo (1939) 14 copies, 1 review
Aeneid, book 7 (1996) 12 copies
Dido en Aeneas (1999) 12 copies
Tutte le opere (2016) 11 copies, 1 review
Aeneis 5/6. 5. und 6. Buch. (1978) 11 copies
De zwerftochten van Aeneas (1998) 10 copies, 1 review
Eneida . volum I (1972) 10 copies, 1 review
Virgil 2: Aeneid 7-12; The minor poems (1927) 6 copies, 1 review
Aeneis 9/10 (2003) 5 copies
Aeneis. 11. und 12. Buch (2005) 5 copies
Modern School Classics : Vergil : Aeneid 2 (1943) — Writer — 5 copies
Modern School Classics : Vergil : Aeneid 4 (1955) — Writer — 5 copies
Geórgica tercera (2013) 4 copies
Eneide. Vol. VI: XI - XII (1983) 4 copies
Opere minori (2007) 4 copies
Modern School Classics : Vergil : Aeneid 12 (1962) — Writer — 4 copies
Stories from the "Aeneid" (1964) 4 copies
Obras completas (2016) 4 copies
Modern School Classics : Vergil : Aeneid 6 (1946) — Writer — 3 copies
Vergilius összes művei (1984) 3 copies
Énéide, Livres IX-XII (2008) 3 copies
Obras completas 3 copies
Obras poéticas 3 copies
Tich (2005) 2 copies
Les Bucoliques (French Edition) (2017) 2 copies, 1 review
Obras completas (1967) 2 copies
[Libri III-IV] 2 copies
Ciftcilik Sanati (2015) 2 copies
Aeneiden 1 Første bok (1983) 2 copies
Carmina Latīna — Author — 2 copies
Geórgica cuarta (2013) 2 copies
Eneide. Libro 4º (1995) 2 copies
The Georgics 2 copies
Green Finger'd Virgil (1992) 2 copies
Early Augustan Virgil (2010) 2 copies
The Works 1 copy
Flore 1 copy
The Georgics of Vergil (2016) 1 copy
Eneiden 1 copy
Delphini 1 copy
Van Wapens en 'n Man (1980) 1 copy
Bucólicas 1 copy
Eneas 1 copy
Selections from Vergil 1 copy, 1 review
Die Mücke 1 copy
Nowele Rzymskie — Contributor — 1 copy
Georgiki 1 copy
La Eneida 1 copy
Énéide : VII et VIII (1991) 1 copy
Eneida. VII-IX (2014) 1 copy
The Georgics 1 copy
Aeneidos Liber VI 1 copy, 1 review
Opera Omnii 1 copy
Aeneidos 1 copy
Aeneis 1 copy
ECLOGA IV 1 copy
Opera 1 copy
aeneis 1 copy
Aeneis 1 copy
Worterbuch 1 copy
Eneida. Libro segundo (1986) 1 copy
Énéide - Livres I-VI 1 copy, 1 review
Les bucòliques (2014) 1 copy
La Mort de la Bete (2017) 1 copy
EPICI FLORES 1 (2005) 1 copy
georiche 1 copy
Eneido 1 copy
Eneida I - III (1980) 1 copy
I carmi bucolici. (1937) 1 copy
Libro ottavo 1 copy
Amore e morte (2003) 1 copy
Aeneidos. Liber X (1971) 1 copy
Aeneid VII 1 copy
Aeneis VII-XII (1987) 1 copy
Aeneis 1 copy
Georgica (1983) 1 copy
Vergil: Opera (1834) 1 copy
Virgil Aeneid Revised (1951) 1 copy
L’Eneide 1 copy
Poems Of Virgil, The (1952) 1 copy
Bucòliques 1 copy
Geòrgiques 1 copy
Geòrgiques (1963) 1 copy, 1 review
Virgil 1 copy
The Aeneid 1 copy
De herdersfluit (1994) 1 copy
Le opere 1 copy
Opera... 1 copy

Associated Works

World Poetry: An Anthology of Verse from Antiquity to Our Time (1998) — Contributor — 452 copies, 1 review
Men at War: The Best War Stories of All Time (1942) — Contributor — 295 copies
The Penguin Book of Hell (2018) — Contributor — 189 copies, 3 reviews
The Columbia Anthology of Gay Literature (1998) — Contributor — 161 copies
The Penguin Book of Dragons (2021) — Contributor — 118 copies
The Utopia Reader (1999) — Contributor — 113 copies, 1 review
Verzamelde gedichten (1980) — Author — 88 copies, 1 review
Great Spy Stories From Fiction (1969) — Contributor, some editions — 77 copies

Tagged

(765) Aeneas (150) Aeneid (198) ancient (249) ancient history (126) ancient literature (215) Ancient Rome (395) anthology (127) antiquity (202) classic (573) classic literature (146) classical (231) classical literature (423) classical studies (101) classics (2,263) Commentary (111) epic (872) epic poem (101) epic poetry (508) epics (92) fiction (1,092) Greek (122) history (282) Latin (1,602) Latin literature (663) Latin poetry (210) literature (1,088) non-fiction (127) Penguin Classics (132) poetry (3,463) read (187) Roman (444) Roman literature (353) Rome (643) to-read (663) translation (368) Troy (111) unread (147) Virgil (858) war (115)

Common Knowledge

Legal name
Publius Vergilius Maro
Other names
Vergil
Vergilius
Birthdate
70-10-15 BCE
Date of death
19-09-21 BCE
Burial location
Naples, Italy
Gender
male
Nationality
Roman Empire
Country (for map)
Italy
Birthplace
Andes, Cisalpine Gaul, Roman Republic
Place of death
Brundisium, Italy, Roman Empire
Places of residence
Rome, Italy
Naples, Italy
Sicily, Italy
Occupations
poet
Agent
Maecenas (patron)
Disambiguation notice
Full name is Publius Vergilius Maro; canonical name (Roman version) is "P. Vergilius Maro". The spellings 'Virgil' and 'Vergil' have both been in use.

Members

Discussions

Looking for Virgil's Aeneid in Fine Press Forum (March 2020)
Aeneid LE Availability in Folio Society Devotees (June 2019)
Aeneid quote at the 9/11 Memorial in Ancient History (April 2014)
Group Read: The Aeneid, begins June 21 in 75 Books Challenge for 2010 (September 2010)

Reviews

A twelve-book-long epic poem it describes the early mythology of the founding of Rome. The hero Aeneas, a Trojan prince and son of Venus, faces trials and tribulations as he escapes Troy as it burns and sails the Mediterranean searching for a new home.

The Aeneid alludes to both the Odyssey and the Iliad, tales of the Trojan War composed as epic poems by Homer. The first six books of the Aeneid are the stories of Aeneas and other Trojan survivors travelling around the Mediterranean, in the style of Odysseus and his crew in the Odyssey. The latter half of Virgil's work focuses on warfare, as Aeneas fights Turnus, king of the Rutuli and a warrior said to be more powerful than Achilles. The Aeneid also contains epic tropes that hearken back to Homer. For instance, in Book V Aeneas puts on funeral games for his dead father, Anchises. These games are strongly reminiscent of the funeral games hosted in honour of Patroclus in Book XXVIII of the Iliad. Later, in Book VI of the Aeneid, Aeneas descends into the Underworld where he encounters his father and Dido, his spurned lover and former Queen of Carthage; Odysseus makes a similar journey in Book XI of the Odyssey. Divine intervention is another prominent feature in the Aeneid; gods such as Jupiter and Venus compel and assist Aeneas to fulfill his destiny, while other divine figures, Juno, for example, actively plot against Aeneas, and attempt to thwart his attempts to reach Italy and lay the foundations of Rome.

The epic begins in media res, the standard technique in epic poetry as Aeneas and his men wash up on an unfamiliar shore. He is whisked inland to the court of Dido, Queen of Carthage, where, in Book II, he tells the story of the fall of Troy from the Trojan perspective. In his account, he describes the Trojan Horse on the shores outside Troy, the warning of Laocoön, the Greeks' emergence from the hollow horse and the storming of the gates, the death of King Priam at the hands of Neoptolemus (Achilles' nephew), and the annunciation of his quest to take the Trojan gods and found a new city in the West. Aeneas goes on to describe his journey across the Mediterranean Sea. As he finishes the story, Dido is struck by an arrow of Cupid, Aeneas' half-brother, and falls in love with the Trojan. (This scheme is hatched by Juno to keep Aeneas in Carthage) Their love was not meant to be, as Jupiter, via Mercury, reminds Aeneas of his destiny and orders him to embark once again in search of his new home. After that divine reminder, Aeneas sets sail on the Mediterranean, still seeking the location of Troy's successor.

Aeneas settles the Trojans in Latium, a region in western Italy, at the invitation of Latinus, king of the Latin tribe. Aeneas begins to court Latinus's daughter, Lavinia, with her father's blessing.
… (more)
 
Flagged
Marcos-Augusto | 196 other reviews | Jun 11, 2024 |
I’ve never been a fan of epic poetry (besides The Divine Comedy), but coming from an insomniac, I found this one the perfect bedtime companion.
 
Flagged
TheBooksofWrath | 196 other reviews | Apr 18, 2024 |
Edition scolaire, Classiques Roma
 
Flagged
Wolcom75 | Jan 3, 2024 |
Aeneas fleeing Troy, traveling the Mediterranean World, and winning land in Italy to found Rome
I spent a month intermittently reading this translation. I had often quoted the first line "Arma virumque cano" when showing off my small Latin knowledge, and decided I needed to actually read the epic. Robert Fagles produced this translation in 2006, so the vocabulary is modern, and is easily read. I have a volume with the classic translation of John Dryden, and tried previously to read that version, without success.
The story opens with Aeneas and his Trojan ships wrecked on the shore of Carthage by a storm commanded by Aeolus, at the urging of Juno. Aeneas relates his tale at a banquet held in his honor by Dido, the queen, who falls madly in love. Aeneas requites the love, and is thinking of settling with Dido with his Trojans, but is warned in a dream sent by Jupiter to follow his destiny as the founder of Rome. He sails from Carthage, and Dido is a suicide. Aeneas is again grounded by a storm in Sicily, where his father Anchises dies. He finally arrives in Italy, after losing his pilot Palinurus, and traveling to Hades to meet his father, who shows him the glories of future Rome. The Trojans construct a fortified camp at the mouth of the Tiber, and Aeneas offers friendship and asks to marry Lavinia, a princess of the nearby Latins. A powerful champion of the Rutulians, Turnus, also desires Lavinia, and decides to attack the Trojans while Aeneas is upriver negotiating with the Etruscans. He returns with Etruscan allies to relieve the seige of the Trojan camp. A bloody battle among Trojans, Latins, Etruscans and Rutulians ends in single combat with Turnus. Juno, who had schemed against the Trojans throughout the poem, finally agrees to Jupiter's command to allow Aeneas and the Trojans to found their city, as long as the city speaks Latin and absorbs the Trojans. The end comes when Aeneas kills Turnus, rejecting pleas for mercy because Turnus was wearing a belt that Aeneas had given Pallas, his dear friend.
Bernard Knox writes a learned introdction to Virgil, the Rome of Augustus Ceasar's time. It contains a brief summary of the poem. He also contributes end notes. There are 17 fine reproductions of frescoes from Pompeii inserted in the relevant passages of the volume.
Vivid and bloody descriptions of battles, many heros named and killed, Gods sending their messengers and demigods to do battle or scheme against the protagonists, it read like a modern fantasy novel.

I marked some passages.
Book 1, lines 887-896
... Then Iopas,
long-haired bard, strikes up his golden lyre
resounding through the halls. Giant Atlas
had been his teacher once, and now he sings
the wandering moon and laboring sun eclipsed,
the roots of the human race and the wild beasts,
the source of storms and lightning bolts on high,
Arcturus, the rainy Hyades, the Great and Little Bears,
and why the winter suns so rush to bathe themselves in the sea,
and what slows the nights to a long lingering crawl.

Book 4, lines 219-223
Straightway Rumor flies through Libya's great cities,
She thrives on speed, stronger for every stride,
slight with fear at first, soon soaring into the air
she treads the ground and hides her head in the clouds

Book 6, lines 306-311
On they went, those dim travelers under the lonely night,
through gloom and the empty halls of Death's ghostly realm,
like those who walk through woods by a grudging moon's
deceptive light when Jove has plunged the sky in dark
and black night drains all color from the world.

Book 9, lines 218-223
'Euryalus'
Nisus asks, 'do the gods light this fire in our hearts
or does each man's mad desire become his god?'
For a while now a cravings urged me on
to swing into action, some great exploit --
no peace and quiet for me....

Book 10 lines 880-881
Grim repose and an iron sleep press down his eyes
and seal their light in a night that never ends
… (more)
 
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neurodrew | 196 other reviews | Oct 7, 2023 |

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Associated Authors

John Conington Translator, Editor, Commentary
Seamus Heaney Translator
Ovid Author
G. F. Diercks Composer
Henri Berthaut Translator
Horatius Author
Pliniusz Młodszy Contributor
Kurcjusz Rufus Contributor
Waleriusz Maksymus Contributor
Hyginus Contributor
Liwiusz Contributor
Petroniusz Contributor
Stacjusz Contributor
Syliusz Italikus Contributor
Apulejusz Contributor
Waleriusz Flakkus Contributor
Lukan Contributor
Maniliusz Contributor
Pseudo-Wergiliusz Contributor
Seneka Contributor
Owidiusz Contributor
Fronton Contributor
Gelliusz Contributor
Tacyt Contributor
C. Day Lewis Translator
Jacques Delille Translator
Paul Valéry Translator
Fiel van der Veen Illustrator
J.C.B. Eykman Translator
T. E. Page Editor
Cesare Vivaldi Translator
C. Day Lewis Translator
Giuseppe Albini Translator
Betty Radice Editor, Contributor
M.J. Pattist Translator
Francis Cleyn Illustrator
David Cain Cover artist
Bernard Knox Introduction
Teivas Oksala Translator
Robert Aulicino Cover designer
David Rijser Afterword
Mandy Green Introduction
Ludwig Neuffer Translator
Carlotta Petrina Illustrator
Allen Mandelbaum Translator
Henk Schoonhoven Translator
Peter Levi Introduction
Alessandro Fo Translator
Luca Canali Translator
Edward Gorey Cover designer
Patric Dickinson Translator
Gunvaldis Elers Illustrator
Shadi Bartsch Translator
John Dryden Translator
Edwin Arnold Translator
Frederick Ahl Translator
C. H. Sisson Translator
E. H. Palmer Translator
Robert Fagles Translator
Frank O. Copley Translator
Augusts Ģiezens Translator
Otmar Vaňorný Translator
M.A. Schwartz Translator
Wilhelm Plankl Translator
David West Translator
Päivö Oksala Translator
Karl Vretska Translator
Filomena Giannotti Contributor
Rolfe Humphries Translator
Sarah Ruden Translator
Ida Gerhardt Translator
Joan d' Ivori Illustrator
Gianfranco Nuzzo Editor, Translator
E. V. Rieu Translator, Preface
Paul Jahn Editor
H.R. Fairclough Translator
Peter Fallon Translator
David Ferry Translator
Mario Lentano Introduction
L. P. Wilkinson Translator
J.W. Butler Translator
Alice Davidson Translator
Rik Deweerdt Translator
Marnix Everaert Cover artist
Marcel Vertès Illustrator
Dooreman Cover designer
George Salter Designer
Miquel Dolç Translator
Moses Hadas Introduction
J. Lightfoot Photographer
Guy Lee Translator
James Michie Translator
Paul Valéry Translator
E. V. Rieu Translator
Euros Bowen Translator
Paul Lejay Editor
R. O. A. M. Lyne Introduction
J. Mehler Editor
V.R. Osborn Translator
Levi Hart Translator
James Rhoades Translator
John Harington Translator
P. G. Walsh Introduction
Henri Focillon Translator
Carlègle Illustrator
Corn. de Visscher Illustrator
E. J. Kenny Translator
Artus Quellinus Illustrator

Statistics

Works
748
Also by
24
Members
33,833
Popularity
#566
Rating
3.9
Reviews
295
ISBNs
1,311
Languages
29
Favorited
69

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