TalkThe Nobel Prize in Literature

The Prizes

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The Nobel Prize in Literature

Oct 10, 2019, 7:02am

After a year's hiatus the Nobel Prizes in Literature for 2018 and 2019 have just been announced: Olga Tokarczuk for 2018, and Peter Handke for 2019.

Oct 10, 2019, 7:05am

ooh, thanks!

Edited: Oct 10, 2019, 7:27am

>2 karenb: You're welcome! These are two very solid and worthy laureates, and I think it's fair to say that the judges have reestablished the credibility of the most prestigious award in literature. I own three of Tokarczuk's books, House of Day, House of Night; Flights, the winner of the 2018 Man Booker International Prize; and her latest translated novel, Drive Your Plow Over the Bones of the Dead, which was shortlisted for the 2019 Booker International Prize and is a finalist for this year's National Book Award for Translated Literature; I'll read it soon. I've read the only book I own by Handke, A Sorrow Beyond Dreams, so I'll be on the lookout for more of his works.

Edited: Oct 8, 7:04am

The winner of this year's Nobel Prize in Literature is the American poet Louise Glück, “for her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal.”

Louise Glück was born 1943 in New York and lives in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Apart from her writing she is a professor of English at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. She made her debut in 1968 with ‘Firstborn’, and was soon acclaimed as one of the most prominent poets in American contemporary literature. She has received several prestigious awards, among them the Pulitzer Prize (1993) and the National Book Award (2014).

Louise Glück has published twelve collections of poetry and some volumes of essays on poetry. All are characterized by a striving for clarity. Childhood and family life, the close relationship with parents and siblings, is a thematic that has remained central with her. In her poems, the self listens for what is left of its dreams and delusions, and nobody can be harder than she in confronting the illusions of the self. But even if Glück would never deny the significance of the autobiographical background, she is not to be regarded as a confessional poet. Glück seeks the universal, and in this she takes inspiration from myths and classical motifs, present in most of her works. The voices of Dido, Persephone and Eurydice – the abandoned, the punished, the betrayed – are masks for a self in transformation, as personal as it is universally valid.

With collections like ‘The Triumph of Achilles’ (1985) and ‘Ararat’ (1990) Glück found a growing audience in USA and abroad. In ‘Ararat’ three characteristics unite to subsequently recur in her writing: the topic of family life; austere intelligence; and a refined sense of composition that marks the book as a whole. Glück has also pointed out that in these poems she realized how to employ ordinary diction in her poetry. The deceptively natural tone is striking. We encounter almost brutally straightforward images of painful family relations. It is candid and uncompromising, with no trace of poetic ornament.

It reveals much about her own poetry when in her essays Glück cites the urgent tone in Eliot, the art of inward listening in Keats or the voluntary silence in George Oppen. But in her own severity and unwillingness to accept simple tenets of faith she resembles more than any other poet, Emily Dickinson.

Louise Glück is not only engaged by the errancies and shifting conditions of life, she is also a poet of radical change and rebirth, where the leap forward is made from a deep sense of loss. In one of her most lauded collections, ‘The Wild Iris’ (1992), for which she was awarded the Pulitzer Prize, she describes the miraculous return of life after winter in the poem ‘Snowdrops’:

“I did not expect to survive,
earth suppressing me. I didn’t expect
to waken again, to feel
in damp earth my body
able to respond again, remembering
after so long how to open again
in the cold light
of earliest spring –
afraid, yes, but among you again
crying yes risk joy
in the raw wind of the new world.”

It should also be added that the decisive moment of change is often marked by humour and biting wit. The collection ‘Vita Nova’ (1999) concludes with the lines: “I thought my life was over and my heart was broken. / Then I moved to Cambridge.” The title alludes to Dante’s classic ‘La Vita Nuova’, celebrating the new life in the guise of his muse Beatrice. Celebrated in Glück is rather the loss of a love that has disintegrated.

‘Averno’ (2006) is a masterly collection, a visionary interpretation of the myth of Persephone’s descent into hell in the captivity of Hades, the god of death. The title comes from the crater west of Naples that was regarded by the ancient Romans as the entrance to the underworld. Another spectacular achievement is her latest collection, ‘Faithful and Virtuous Night’ (2014), for which Glück received the National Book Award. The reader is again struck by the presence of voice and Glück approaches the motif of death with remarkable grace and lightness. She writes oneiric, narrative poetry recalling memories and travels, only to hesitate and pause for new insights. The world is disenthralled, only to become magically present once again.

Oct 8, 7:07am

Okay--I've read her poetry a few times but it's been a while. I remember liking it.

Oct 8, 7:11am

I haven't read anything by Glück, and I've only barely heard of her. I just purchased the Kindle edition of Poems: 1962-2012, so that I can become more familiar with her work. At first glance she certainly seems like a worthy choice, although I was hoping that 2020 would be the year that Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o would finally win the prize.

Oct 8, 7:27am

I've read Louise Gluck's collected poems, most of them at least twice, and can recommend to my fellow poetry readers.

Oct 8, 7:28am

#6---to be honest kidzdoc with everything else going on this kind of snuck up on me. Most years I would have started wondering about this a month or so ago. I agree with you on Ngugi--he's a terrific writer and certainly among those who I think would deserve it.

Oct 8, 1:24pm

>6 kidzdoc: and >8 lriley: I've also been wishing for this! Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o is not getting any younger...
Meanwhile, I've downloaded and started Faithful and Virtuous Night. It's a wonderful discovery (I'm not sure I'd ever heard of Louise Glück before 1 PM today). I hadn't expected to be moved by it so much. It really speaks to me...

Edited: Oct 8, 2:22pm

I looked and I actually have a review of her First four books of poems that goes back to 2006. It's an almost embarrassing bad effort on my part though.