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Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (1967)

by Karl Elliger, Paul Kahle

Other authors: See the other authors section.

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2,926113,841 (4.6)2
Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (BHS) is known to be the definitive edition of the Hebrew Bible. It is widely regarded as a reliable edition of the Hebrew and Aramaic scriptures and is the most widely used original-language edition among scholars. It is a revision of the third edition of the Biblia Hebraica edited by Rudolf Kittel, the first Bible to be based on the Leningrad Codex. The Leningrad Codex is the oldest complete Hebrew Bible still preserved. It originally appeared in installments, from 1968 to 1976, with the first one-volume edition in 1977; it has since been reprinted many times. The text is a nearly exact copy of the Masoretic Text as recorded in the Leningrad Codex. The Masoretic notes are completely revised. Included is a foreword in German, English, French, Spanish and Latin as well as an English and German key to the Latin words, abbreviations and other symbols in the critical apparatus. Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (BHS) Wide Margin Edition is identical in content to the Standard Edition but is larger in size and priced lower. The Wide Margin Edition gives professors and students the opportunity to make notes in their Bible as they translate the Hebrew Scriptures.… (more)
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» See also 2 mentions

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Case 9 shelf 1
  semoffat | Aug 27, 2021 |
Logos Library
  birdsnare | May 16, 2019 |
Logos Library
  birdsnare | May 16, 2019 |
To do an impossible job badly is no great shame. But you do have to wish it had been done better.

This is not the "last word" on a text of the Hebrew Bible. Kittel's edition ("BHK") is now largely supplanted by the Stuttgart edition ("BHS"). But that isn't perfect either, so there can be a use for both.

This is not a book for the faint of heart, of course. You need Hebrew, plus Aramaic for the sections in that language, and Greek and Latin and Syriac and German also help. And once you have all that -- you need a plan.

The reason for that is that this book has two parts: The Hebrew text and the critical apparatus. That is, the information on the readings of various manuscripts and early translations of the Hebrew. The purpose of this apparatus is to allow the user to try to figure out what was the original text.

This is where the defects of BHK emerge. Some of the defects relate to its age: It doesn't fully reflect the Dead Sea Scrolls and other recent discoveries. This is understandable. Less understandable is the imperfect citation of the Greek version (LXX), since this is the most important single alternative to the text found in the late ("M" or "MT") manuscripts of the Hebrew. The Greek is not cited often enough, or in enough detail. It isn't easy to figure out which Hebrew manuscripts are being cited, either. And the apparatus gives very little indication of which variants are important, or likely to be original.

Don't misunderstand this. This is an important book, and every Hebrew scholar should have both BHK and BHS. But to use it well requires a vast amount of work -- and, frankly, a lot of information that could have been included within these covers but was not. ( )
1 vote waltzmn | Sep 13, 2012 |
NO OF PAGES: 1436 SUB CAT I: Bible SUB CAT II: Hebrew SUB CAT III: DESCRIPTION: The Biblia Hebraica is an essential resource for anyone who wants to do serious study of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. This edition, while being heavy and impractical for carrying to Shul, has the advantage of comfortably large type and a very clear font. The page layout is very good.NOTES: Donated by Tim Hegg. SUBTITLE:
  BeitHallel | Mar 23, 2011 |
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» Add other authors (75 possible)

Author nameRoleType of authorWork?Status
Karl Elligerprimary authorall editionscalculated
Kahle, Paulmain authorall editionsconfirmed
Kittle, RudolfEditorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
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Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (BHS) is known to be the definitive edition of the Hebrew Bible. It is widely regarded as a reliable edition of the Hebrew and Aramaic scriptures and is the most widely used original-language edition among scholars. It is a revision of the third edition of the Biblia Hebraica edited by Rudolf Kittel, the first Bible to be based on the Leningrad Codex. The Leningrad Codex is the oldest complete Hebrew Bible still preserved. It originally appeared in installments, from 1968 to 1976, with the first one-volume edition in 1977; it has since been reprinted many times. The text is a nearly exact copy of the Masoretic Text as recorded in the Leningrad Codex. The Masoretic notes are completely revised. Included is a foreword in German, English, French, Spanish and Latin as well as an English and German key to the Latin words, abbreviations and other symbols in the critical apparatus. Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (BHS) Wide Margin Edition is identical in content to the Standard Edition but is larger in size and priced lower. The Wide Margin Edition gives professors and students the opportunity to make notes in their Bible as they translate the Hebrew Scriptures.

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